chap. 14 Endocrinology

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Which is a surgical procedure that removes the thyroid?
Thyroidectomy (thy-roy-DEK-toh-mee), thyroid/o- thyroid, -ectomy surgical excision. Surgical procedure to remove the thyroid gland. All of the thyroid gland or just one part (one lobe) can be removed (subtotal thyroidectomy or thyroid lobectomy).

Infertility may have a hormonal cause due to a lack of:
FHS. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) from the anterior pituitary gland is needed to stimulate follicles in the ovary to produce eggs and in the testes to produce sperm

A benign tumor of an endocrine gland is known as a/an:
adenoma.

One of the neurotransmitters of the sympathetic nervous system that increases the heart rate and constricts smooth muscle in blood vessels to raise blood pressure in the “fight or flight” response is called:
epinephrine

In order to see if the prescribed treatment was effective for diabetes mellitus in his patient, the physician ordered a:
hemoglobin A1C.

Insulin is secreted by the ____________ cells in the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas.
beta

Which symptom is common to a patient with diabetes mellitus as well as diabetes insipidus?
Polydipsia or excessive thirst is found in both conditions but occurs for different reasons.

The suffix -physis means:
Hypophysis is a Greek word that means an undergrowth because the hypophysis grows below the hypothalamus.

A lobectomy is a surgical procedure performed on the:
thyroid gland.

Which is a urine test that measures glucose, ketones, and other substances in the urine?
urine dipstick

Which is the process where two hormones work together to achieve a result?
Synergism contains the combining form erg/o- which means work, and syn- means together.

Exophthalmos is associated with:
Graves’ disease is a type of hyperthyroidism in which too much thyroid hormone causes edema in the tissues behind the eye.

Hyposecretion of antidiuretic hormone is known as:
Diabetes insipidus causes excessive amounts of water to be excreted in the urine (polyuria).Other symptoms include weakness, thirst (due to water loss and dehydration), and increased intake of fluids (polydipsia).

The combining form adren/o- means:
The prefix ad- means above.The combining form ren/o- means kidney.The suffix -al means pertaining to.The adrenal gland is located above the kidney.

Which type of diabetes begins in childhood or adolescence?
type 1

A type 1 diabetic would be treated with:
Humulin is a form of insulin.

The suffix -physis means:
state of growing.

Excessive amounts of calcium in the blood is known as:
hypercalcemia.

ADA refers to a diet that would be prescribed for a patient with:
Diabetes mellitus is treated with a diet that restricts the use of calories as per the guidelines of the American Diabetes Association (ADA

Which disease is the result of a hypersecretion of cortisol?
Cushing syndrome

In order to see if the prescribed treatment was effective for diabetes mellitus in his patient, the physician ordered a:
hemoglobin A1C.

The hormone which regulates electrolyte balance, and sodium and potassium balance is:
aldosterone.

What is the most abundant and biologically active female hormone?
Estradiol is the most abundant and biologically active female hormone.

Which is a surgical procedure that removes the thyroid?
thyroidectomy

The pituitary gland has two main parts, the adenohypophysis and the:
Neurohypophysis (nyoor-oh-hy-PAWF-ih-sis), neur/o- nerve, hypo- below; deficient, -physis state of growing.Neurohypophysis refers to the posterior pituitary gland that is below the hypothalamus. It does not make or secrete its own hormones but releases hormones produced by the hypothalamus when signaled to do so by nerves from the hypothalamus

The most common form of hyperthyroidism is:
Graves’ disease.

The parathyroid glands secrete a hormone which regulates the level of what substance in the blood?
calcium

Thyromegaly is a sign of a:
goiter.

Hypersecretion of the growth hormone during adulthood causes:
acromegaly.

The abbreviation GH means:
growth hormone

Which disease is the result of a hypersecretion of cortisol?
Cushing syndrome

The form that sugar takes when it is stored in the liver and the skeletal muscles is called
It contains the suffix -gen meaning that which produces because when broken down it releases sugar (glucose).

The hormone testosterone is produced by the:
testes

The purpose of the parathyroid glands is to regulate the:
amount of calcium in the blood.

Increased cortisol levels would be found in patients with?
Cushing’s syndrome.

Hyposecretion of the growth hormone during childhood and puberty is:
dwarfism

An endemic goiter is related to a deficiency of:
The production of thyroid hormone, T3, depends upon iodine.

The action of hormones working together to accomplish the same result, is called:
When hormones work together it is called synergism

Which of the following is not true regarding the endocrine system?
Only some of the organs and glands of the endocrine system are influenced by the pituitary gland.

The hypersecretion of oxytocin causes:
Uterine inertia causes weak or uncoordinated contractions of the pregnant uterus during labor.

Which is the process where two hormones work together to achieve a result?
Synergism contains the combining form erg/o- which means work, and syn- means together.

Which blood test is performed to measure the level of glucose after the patient has not eaten for at least 12 hours?

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is:
Type 2 diabetes mellitus, or adult-onset diabetes mellitus, can be treated with weight loss, exercise, and diet.If those measures are not sufficient, oral antidiabetic drugs can be prescribed.

A transsphenoidal hypophysectomy is a surgical procedure to remove an adenoma from the:
pituitary gland.

It was in the middle of winter when the patient came to the doctor’s office complaining of depression, weight gain, and problems with sleep. He was told that he had a condition related to hypersecretion of melatonin plus the lack of exposure to sunlight. He was diagnosed with:
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is found in people living in northern climates.

A congenital lack of thyroid hormone from birth is known as:
Cretin is a French word that means mentally deficient person; a congenital lack of thyroid hormone causes mental retardation.

Which endocrine gland is known as the master gland of the body?
The pituitary gland, or master gland, is also called the hypophysis.

Exophthalmos is associated with:
Graves’ disease is a type of hyperthyroidism in which too much thyroid hormone causes edema in the tissues behind the eye.

The process by which two hormones exert opposite effects is known as:
antagonism.

Hyposecretion of antidiuretic hormone is known as:
Diabetes insipidus causes excessive amounts of water to be excreted in the urine (polyuria).Other symptoms include weakness, thirst (due to water loss and dehydration), and increased intake of fluids (polydipsia).

Excessive amounts of calcium in the blood is known as:
hypercalcemia

Which symptom is common to a patient with diabetes mellitus as well as diabetes insipidus?
polydipsia

The chemical messengers of the endocrine system are known as:
Hormones are the chemical messengers of the endocrine system

Sustained muscle spasms from hypocalcemia is known as:
tetany

The abbreviation NIDDM means the same as:
Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus is also called type 2 diabetes mellitus or adult-onset diabetes mellitus.

ADA refers to a diet that would be prescribed for a patient with:
diabetes

Which is a lab test done to help diagnose diabetes insipidus?
Also known as the water deprivation test, this evaluates the patient’s ability to concentrate urine.

The master gland of the body is the:
pituitary

Another name for the pituitary gland is:
hypophysis.

The parathyroid glands secrete a hormone which regulates the level of what substance in the blood?
calcium

Excessive amounts of growth hormone after puberty result in:
acromegaly

Chronic and progressive enlargement of the thyroid gland is known as:
Goiter is derived from a French word for throat. Mild-to-moderate thyroid gland enlargement is known as thyromegaly.

The thyroid gland:
thyroid gland secretes the T3 and T4 thyroid hormones that regulate cellular metabolism.

The pineal body secretes which hormone that maintains the body’s internal clock, the 24-hour wake-sleep cycle, and regulates the onset and duration of sleep?
Selected Answer:
The pineal body, which is located posterior to the hypothalamus, secretes melatonin.

Which type of diabetes occurs only during pregnancy?
During the time of pregnancy or gestation the pregnant woman can develop gestational diabetes mellitus.

The combining form pituit/o- and ____________ both mean pituitary gland.
Hypophys/o- is the Greek combining form that means pituitary gland.

Which is often a precipitating factor to the onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus?
obesity

An endemic goiter is related to a deficiency of:
The production of thyroid hormone, T3, depends upon iodine.

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Which term describes the excessive thirst that is symptomatic of diabetes insipidus? polydipsia Which gland is known as the …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Thyroid Gland Located in the throat, bilobed gland connected by an isthmus Adrenal Gland Found close to the kidney …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Polyuria One of the classic symptoms of hyperglycemia Mellitus The M in DM stands for WE WILL WRITE A …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Which term describes the excessive thirst that is symptomatic od diabetes insipidus? Polydipsia The ________ gland secretes hormones that …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy anterior lobe of the pituitary gland Where are the thyroid-stimulating hormone, growth hormone, and lactogenic hormone secreted? polydipsia Which …

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