Ch. 9 Contraception

The practice of not engaging in
sexual intercourse

Coitus Interruptus (Withdrawal method)
When the penis is pulled out of the
vagina prior to ejaculation

Behavior-Based Methods of Birth Control
Abstinence, Coitus Interruptus (Withdrawal)
Method,and Fertility-Awareness are all
______________ methods.

To monitor ovulation a woman can measure her ___________________________ .. It will be lower
before ovulation and rise following ovulation

Cervical Mucus
Monitoring ___________________________
can indicate when a woman ovulates.
“Slippery days” are the most fertile time.

Keeping records of menstrual cycle length for one year.
Calculating unsafe/safe days based on cycle length.

Two or more fertility-awareness based
methods used together.

Surgical procedure that renders an individual
incapable of reproduction.

Male sterilization.
Vas deferens cut and sealed.

Tubal Ligation
Female sterilization. Fallopian tubes are cut, clamped,
blocked or scarred to prevent sperm from entering.

No-incision methods of female sterilization.
Inserts placed in Fallopian tubes cause scarring and blockage.

Patch (Ortho Evra)
Hormonal contraceptive worn on skin that
must be changed weekly. Contains
estrogen and progesterone.

Birth Control Pills
Oral contraceptives containing estrogen and progesterone
(progestin is a synthetic progesterone).

Shot (Depo Provera)
Injectable contraceptive containing
progesterone only.

Implant (Norplant, Implanon)
Contraceptive inserted in upper arm
that contains progestin only.

Ring (Nuva Ring)
Contraceptive ring worn in vagina
for 3 weeks at a time
contains estrogen and progesterone.

Male condom
Sheath used to cover the penis during sexual
intercourse to prevent pregnancy and STI’s

Female condom
Female condom
Birth control method that blocks
entrance of sperm to the uterus
and also prevents STI’s

Intrauterine Device (IUD)
Intrauterine Device (IUD)
Small piece of molded plastic worn in uterus
contains copper or progesterone

Rubber or latex cup with a springy rim that
fits over the cervix and is used with spermicide

Vaginal Sponge
Vaginal Sponge
Disposable plastic foam device impregnated with spermicide inserted into vagina to cover cervix

Spermicidal Jellies, Creams, Foams
Spermicidal Jellies, Creams, Foams
Substances that prevent pregnancy by
stopping sperm from moving

Emergency Contraception
Medications taken to prevent pregnancy
after unprotected intercourse

Levonorgestrel Tablets, Ella, Paragard IUD
(Emergency Contraception)
reduce the risk of pregnancy by 89 percent
when started within 72 hours
(some up to 5 days) after unprotected intercourse

Most effective forms of Birth Control
(<1/100 according to Planned Parenthood)
Abstinence, Sterilization,
IUD, Implant

Artificial Insemination
Placement of sperm inside the vagina
so fertilization/pregnancy will occur

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
Placement of sperm inside the uterus
so fertilization/pregnancy will occur

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
Eggs harvested from ovary
fertilized with sperm in the lab
viable embryos placed in uterus
to produce pregnancy

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
single sperm is injected into an egg
fertilized egg is placed in uterus
to produce pregnancy

Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer (GIFT)
Harvested eggs mixed with sperm and placed
into fallopian tube to produce pregnancy

termination of pregnancy before fetus is
capable of survival (chemical or surgical)

+/- of abstinence
100% effective, free, prevents STI’s
Willpower required to not have intercourse

Birth Control Pill
Hormonal contraceptive that
must be taken daily.

Hormonal contraceptive that
can last up to 3 years

Nuva Ring
Hormonal contraceptive
worn for three weeks at a time.

Depo Provera Shot
Hormonal contraceptive that can
last up to 3 to 4 months.

Barrier Methods of Birth Control
Condoms, Diaphragm, Cervical Cap,
Today Sponge, and IUD
are _________________ methods

Chemical Methods of Birth Control
Spermicidal Jellies, Foams, or Creams
are __________________ methods

Hormonal Methods of Birth Control
Birth Control Pill, Depo Provera Shot, Implantable Rods,
Nuva Ring, Ortho Evra Patch are _________ methods

Abstinence, Male Condoms, Female Condoms
Birth Control Methods with both
Pregnancy & STI Prevention

Next Most Effective Methods of Birth Control after the implant & IUD
(6-9/100 according to Planned Parenthood)
Depo Provera shot, Birth Control Pills, Nuva Ring,
Ortho Evra Patch

+/- of fertility-awareness based methods
They are free, nonhormonal and approved by religions
opposed to contraceptives. Require accurate record keeping and willpower to abstain from intercourse on unsafe days.

+/- of withdrawal method
Free, better than no method at all
Not very effective, requires ability to pull out on time

+/- of condoms
Prevent STI’s and pregnancy, available OTC
More effective when combined with barrier or chemical methods

+/- of sponge
available without a prescription
more effective when used with condoms

Paraguard IUD
Most effective form of emergency contraception
Can be used up to 5 days after intercourse

A hormone birth control pill that contains no estrogen is mini pill A woman would have to be fitted for which of the following diaphragm WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY …

Why should pharmacists provide ECP? – for accessibility for patient – pharmacist have drug knowledge – to prevent abortions and pregnancies Abortion to pregnancy ratio is highest in what age group? 10-14y.o (71% abortions/pregnancies) WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY …

Natural Methods Physiologically based, do not use barriers, and are the least effective method of contraception Periodic abstinence (rhythm method) Requires abstinence shortly before and after the predicted ovulation period Ovulation assessment methods include basal temperature, menstrual cycle tracking, evaluation …

Methods of contraception used in ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome differed in their nature and degree of effectiveness. They ranged from scientific methods that are still used nowadays to quasi-scientific and barely effective to dangerous and futile. In ancient Egypt, …

Vasectomy involves cutting and tying the_____ vas deferens Efforts to control contraception began at least as far back as recorded history WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample …

hormone-based contraceptives can work in all of the following ways except constricting the fallopian tubes to block passage of the fertilized egg an advantage of progestin-only pills is _____________. there are no estrogen-related side effects WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM …

David from Healtheappointments:

Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one? Check it out