Ch. 8 Mood Disorders

depression
A low, sad state marked by significant levels of sadness, lack of energy, low self-worth, guilt, or related symptoms.

mania
A state or episode of euphoria or frenzied activity in which people may have an exaggerated belief that the world is theirs for the taking.

unipolar depression
Depression without a history of mania.

bipolar disorder (1-2.6% prevalence)
A disorder marked by alternating or intermixed periods of mania and depression.

major depressive disorder (7% prevalence)
A severe pattern of depression that is disabling and is not caused by such factors as drugs or a general medical condition.

dysthymic disorder
A mood disorder that is similar to but longer-lasting and less disabling than a major depressive disorder.

norepinephrine
A neurotransmitter whose abnormal activity is linked to depression and panic disorder.

serotonin
A neurtransmitter whose abnormal activity is linked to depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and eating disorders.

symbolic loss
According to Freudian theory, the loss of a valued object (for example, a loss of employment) that is unconsciously interpreted as the loss of a loved one. Also called ‘imagined loss’.

anaclitic depression
A pattern of depression found among very young children that is caused by separation from one’s mother.

cognitive triad
The three forms of negative thinking that Aaron Beck theorizes lead people to feel depressed. The triad consists of a negative view of one’s experiences, oneself, and the future.

automatic thoughts
Numerous unpleasant thoughts that help to cause or maintain depression, anxiety, or other forms of psychological dysfunction.

learned helplessness
The perception, based on past experiences, that one has no control over one’s reinforcements.

bipolar I disorder (1.6% prevalence)
A type of bipolar disorder marked by full manic and major depressive episodes.

bipolar II disorder (1% prevalence)
A type of bipolar disorder marked by mildly manic (hypomanic) episodes and major depressive episodes.

cyclothymic disorder
A disorder marked by numerous periods of hypomanic symptoms and mild depressive symptoms.

a state of breathless euphoria, a frenzied energy, in which individuals have an exaggerated belief in their power describes: mania to be classified as having a major depressive episode, depression must last for a period of at least: two weeks …

Depression low, sad state in which life seems dark and its challenges overwheming Mania state of breathless euphoria or frenzied energy WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample …

depression and mania two key emotions in mood disorders depression feeling low, down, or depressed with reduced energy, self-worth, guilt, and hoplessness often used to describe general sadness or unhappiness WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC …

What are mood disorders? They are gross deviations from normal mood, ranging from elation to severe depression What are the types of mood disorders? Depressive disorders and bipolar disorders WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY …

CLASSIFICATION Bipolar disorders a. ) Bipolar 1 disorder; Hypo manic; with or without full inter episode recovery, with rapid cycling and with seasonal pattern, and Manic; classified according to severity, can be psychotic or with remission specifiers, with catatonic features, …

Prior to the DSM-III, conditions that are currently characterized as mood disorders were referred to by several different names, including all of the following EXCEPT depressive disorders, affective disorders, and depressive neuroses are currently characterized as mood disorders were referred …

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