CH 50 Principles of Pharmacology

absorption
The process by which one substance is absorbed, or taken in and incorporated, into another, as when the body converts food or drugs into a form it can use.

administer
To give a drug directly by injection, by mouth, or by any other route that introduces the drug into the body.

controlled substance
A drug or drug product that is categorized as potentially dangerous and addictive and is strictly regulated by federal laws.

dispense
To distribute a drug, in a properly labeled container, to a patient who is to use it.

distribution
The biochemical process of transporting a drug from its administration site in the body to its site of action.

dosage
The size, frequency, and number of doses.

dose
The amount of a drug given or taken at one time.

efficacy
The therapeutic value of a procedure or therapy, such as a drug.

excretion
The elimination of waste by a discharge; in drug metabolism, the manner in which a drug is eliminated from the body.

generic name
A drug’s official name.

indication
The purpose or reason for using a drug, as approved by the FDA.

labeling
Information provided with a drug, including FDA-approved indications and the form of the drug.

narcotic
A popular term for an opoid and term of choice in government agencies; see opoid.

opioid
A natural or synthetic drug that produces opium-like effects

pharmaceutical
Pertaining to medicinal drugs.

pharmacodynamics
The study of what drugs do to the body: the mechanism of action, or how they work to produce a therapeutic effect.

pharmacognosy
The study of characteristics of natural drugs and their sources.

pharmacokinetics
The study of what the body does to drugs: how the body absorbs, metabolizes, distributes, and excretes the drugs.

pharmacology
The study of drugs.

pharmacotherapeutics
The study of how drugs are used to treat disease; also called clinical pharmacology.

prescribe
To give a patient a prescription to be filled by a pharmacy.

prescription
A physician’s written order for medication.

prescription drug
A drug that can be legally used only by order of a physician and must be administered or dispenced by a licensed health-care professional.

toxicology
The study of poisons or poisonous effects of drugs.

trade name
A drug’s brand or proprietary name.

Generic name A drugs official name Pharmacodynamics The study of what drugs do to the body WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample Controlled sunstance A drug that …

Process by which the body takes in or receives a drug Absorption Action by which a drug is released throughout the body Distribution WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write …

prescription drugs require a physican’s written order to dispense and sometimes administer drugs to a patient. True or false True pharmacology the study of drugs WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY …

Toxicology The study of poisons or poisonous effects of drugs Dispense Distribute a drug to a pt who is to use it WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my …

Identify 3 sources of drugs Chemical name (ex. molecular formula) Generic name (ex. Acetaminophen) Brand name (ex. Tylenol) What type of drug name is Motrin? Ibruprofen-Brand Name Motrin- Generic WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY …

Administer To give to or apply medication on a person Adverse Reaction Unintended, undesirable, and often unpredictable effect of a medication that cause pain, discomfort, or unwanted symptoms; more severe than a side effect WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY …

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