CH 50 Principles of Pharmacology

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absorption
The process by which one substance is absorbed, or taken in and incorporated, into another, as when the body converts food or drugs into a form it can use.

administer
To give a drug directly by injection, by mouth, or by any other route that introduces the drug into the body.

controlled substance
A drug or drug product that is categorized as potentially dangerous and addictive and is strictly regulated by federal laws.

dispense
To distribute a drug, in a properly labeled container, to a patient who is to use it.

distribution
The biochemical process of transporting a drug from its administration site in the body to its site of action.

dosage
The size, frequency, and number of doses.

dose
The amount of a drug given or taken at one time.

efficacy
The therapeutic value of a procedure or therapy, such as a drug.

excretion
The elimination of waste by a discharge; in drug metabolism, the manner in which a drug is eliminated from the body.

generic name
A drug’s official name.

indication
The purpose or reason for using a drug, as approved by the FDA.

labeling
Information provided with a drug, including FDA-approved indications and the form of the drug.

narcotic
A popular term for an opoid and term of choice in government agencies; see opoid.

opioid
A natural or synthetic drug that produces opium-like effects

pharmaceutical
Pertaining to medicinal drugs.

pharmacodynamics
The study of what drugs do to the body: the mechanism of action, or how they work to produce a therapeutic effect.

pharmacognosy
The study of characteristics of natural drugs and their sources.

pharmacokinetics
The study of what the body does to drugs: how the body absorbs, metabolizes, distributes, and excretes the drugs.

pharmacology
The study of drugs.

pharmacotherapeutics
The study of how drugs are used to treat disease; also called clinical pharmacology.

prescribe
To give a patient a prescription to be filled by a pharmacy.

prescription
A physician’s written order for medication.

prescription drug
A drug that can be legally used only by order of a physician and must be administered or dispenced by a licensed health-care professional.

toxicology
The study of poisons or poisonous effects of drugs.

trade name
A drug’s brand or proprietary name.

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Generic name A drugs official name Pharmacodynamics The study of what drugs do to the body WE WILL WRITE …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Process by which the body takes in or receives a drug Absorption Action by which a drug is released …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy prescription drugs require a physican’s written order to dispense and sometimes administer drugs to a patient. True or false …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Toxicology The study of poisons or poisonous effects of drugs Dispense Distribute a drug to a pt who is …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Identify 3 sources of drugs Chemical name (ex. molecular formula) Generic name (ex. Acetaminophen) Brand name (ex. Tylenol) What …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Administer To give to or apply medication on a person Adverse Reaction Unintended, undesirable, and often unpredictable effect of …

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