Ch 5: Jazz Styles

Music students in many schools can pursue degrees in jazz. (True/False)
True

Groups of instruments in big band jazz are known as families. (True/False)
False

A jazz combo adds one or more lead instruments to the rhythm section. (True/False)
True

Many recordings of New Orleans jazz were made in New Orleans. (True/False)
False

Boogie-woogie was a unique style of drumming. (True/False)
False

The more sophisticated big band charts were aimed more at listeners than dancers. (True/False)
True

Bebop is usually combo jazz. (True/False)
True

Bebop was well received amongst jazz musicians. (True/False)
False

Hard bop describes the next generation of Bebop musicians. (True/False)
True

The musical influences of soul jazz are Latin and reggae. (True/False)
False

Free jazz is almost pure improvisation. (True/False)
True

Free jazz was a widely popular form of jazz. (True/False)
False

Smooth jazz is a less intense and more easy-listening style. (True/False)
True

Jazz began in the early 20th century in __________ of poor urban neighborhoods.
bars and nightclubs

The cultural influence of jazz was from people of __________ heritage.
African
French
Spanish

Jazz achieved mass popularity during:
the swing era

A standard rhythm section is:
piano
bass
drums

Latin jazz adds a:
percussionist

The most popular ragtime musician was:
Scott Joplin

Specifically, where was New Orleans jazz performed?
Storyville

Who was the most successful and famous New Orleans musician?
Louis Armstrong

Who replaced jazz groups as a result of the depression?
solo pianists

1930’s big band jazz is known as the:
Swing Era

Big bands typically have __________ musicians.
15-18

Duke Ellington was a:
big band leader

Who was the king of swing?
Benny Goodman

One side of a 78rpm record would play for about:
3 Minutes

Bebop was born in:
after hours jam sessions

Gillespie, Monk, and Clark began to experiment with bebop in the:
40’s

__________ was the sax player who solidified the bebop style.
Charlie Parker

Bebop is often:
complex
intense
very fast

__________ jazz came from the 50’s and 60’s.
cool
hard bop
funky

__________ was an attempt to apply sophisticated ideas in a softer manner than bebop.
Cool Jazz

Miles Davis, Dave Brubeck, and Stan Getz all played:
cool jazz

Bop musician John Coltrane played:
Sax

Free jazz was pioneered by:
Ornette Coleman

In fusion jazz the most dramatic change involves borrowing instruments and techniques from:
rock

The style and definition of jazz is:
changing

Modern jazz artists who value the elements of traditional jazz refer to it as:
straight-ahead jazz

Name the three instrumental groupings in big band jazz.
rhythm, brass, sax

Name the five song types that contributed to early jazz.
popular songs, blues songs, rags, brass band marches, gospel songs

What group made the very first jazz recording?
The Original Dixieland Jazz Band

In Dixieland jazz what instrument takes the place of the piano if one is not available?
possible answers include either banjo or guitar

Name a great stride pianist:
Fats Waller, Earl Hines, Art Tatum, Erroll Garner, Oscar Peterson

Name the three forms of swing jazz.
sweet swing, the jazz of Benny Goodman, hot swing

Name three big band leaders.
possible answers include Duke Ellington, Count Basie, Glenn Miller, Woody Herman, Tommy Dorsey, Stan Kenton, Maynard Ferguson

Name the Pulitzer Prize winning jazz musician.
Wynton Marsalis

riffs
short, syncopated melodic patterns

scat singing
vocal improvisation using non-sense syllables

swing
the “feel” of jazz

improvisation
make it up as you go along

syncopation
off-beat rhythms

cornet
similar to a trumpet

head arrangements
versions of songs played from memory

lead
the main melodic or solo part

breaks
Dixieland stop time

Hit Parade
the equivalent of top 40

virtuosity
possessing great skill

chorus
a repeated section of a jazz tune

sidemen
the other musicians in a jazz combo

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