First, Germany lacked a strong democratic tradition. Furthermore, postwar Germany had several major political parties and many minor ones. Worst of all, millions of Germansblamed the government, not their wartime leaders, for the country’s defeat and postwar humiliation caused by the Versailles Treaty.
stabilize German currency and strengthen its economy. The plan also set a more realistic schedule for Germany’s reparations payments. Was headed by Charles Dawes, an American banker.
France and Germany would never again make war against each other. Germany also agreed to respect the existing
borders of France and Belgium.
and farms. Large amounts of public money were spent on welfare and relief programs.