Ch 15 and 16 History

May Fourth Movement
Cultural movement in China that sought to reform China and make it stronger

Haciendas
large plantations controlled by the Mexican elite

négritude movement
Writers expressed pride in their African roots

Reza Khan
Shah who modernized Persia

ahimsa
Doctrine that Gandhi preached

Balfour Declaration
advocated the establishment of a national home for Jewish people in Palestine

Venustiano Carranza
Mexican president who approved the Constitution

Apartheid
a policy of rigid segregation practiced in South Africa

Good Neighbor Policy
pledge by the U.S. to lessen its involvement in Latin American affairs Mao Zedong

Cominterm
Communist international, international association of communist parties led by the Soviet Union for the purpose of encouraging worldwide communist revolution

Kulaks
The farmers who were killed by Stalin

Kellogg-Briand Pact
An international agreement

Gestapo
Secret police in Nazi Germany

totalitarian state
Government in which a one party dictatorship regulates every aspect of citizens lives

Kristallnacht
the night of broken of glass called

Black Shirts
Military supporters of Mussolini

Flappers
liberated young women of the jazz age

surrealism
Artistic movement that portrayed the workings of the unconscious

Gulag
A system of forced labor camps

What are examples of the rise of cultural nationalism in Mexico in the 1920s and 1930s?
The revival of mural painting

What is The Mexican Constitution of 1917?
Made Church land “the property of the nation”

One of Atatürk’s reforms in Turkey was to…
Reject religion in laws and government

What party dominated Mexican politics from the 1930s through the free election of 2000?
the Institutional Revolutionary Party

The Indian leader Mohandas Gandhi?
Preached that the power of love could change wrongdoers

Henry David Thoreau influenced Mohandas Gandhi?
civil disobedience

The Twenty-One Demands?
sought to make China a Japanese protectorate

the second Sino-Japanese War?
United the Guomindang and Communists

Japanese politics in the 1920s
Japan moved toward more widespread democracy

Japanese ultranationalists seized the Chinese province
Manchuria

important factor in bringing about the Mexican Revolution
urban middle class wanted democracy

As a result of the Treaty of Sèvres, the Ottoman empire
lost its arab and North African lands

effect did the Great Depression have in Latin America
people lost faith in the ideas of liberal government

apartheid in South Africa
they wanted to legally separate, ensure white economic political supremacy

Muslim religious leaders in Persia disapprove of the reforms introduced by Reza Khan
He replaced Islamic law with secular law

Turkish nationalists, led by Atatürk
Overthrew Ottoman sultan and declared Turkey as a republic

Turning point in the Indian independence movement in 1919
Hundreds of Indians were killed at Amritsar

As part of the struggle for Indian independence, Mohandas Gandhi urged Indians to
Boycott British goods

Result of Sun Yixian’s efforts to rebuild China based on the Three Principles of the People
China fell into chaos and Sun stepped down

Allies anger Chinese Nationalists at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference
They gave Japan control over some former German possessions in China

Indians that India needed to govern itself
The Amritsar massacre

Chinese who turned to the revolutionary ideas of Marx and Lenin?
Gained support from the Soviet Union

Describes the Japanese economy after World War I
Japan became a true industrial power

In 1922, Japan agreed to limit the size of its navy
To protect its relation with the West

Militarists in Japan in the 1930s
Used schools to teach students absolute obedience to the emperor

Result of prohibition
An increase in organized crime

Scottish scientist Alexander Fleming
Discovered Penicillin

League of Nations respond when Japan invaded Manchuria in 1931
It condemned Japan’s action but did nothing to stop it

U.S. president Franklin D. Roosevelt proposed a massive package of Depression relief called the
New Deal

Key characteristic of fascism in the 1920s and 1930s
Supremacy of the state

On Stalin’s collectives
The government provided tractors, fertilizers, and seed

Stalin attempted to make the cultural life of the Soviet Union more Russian by promoting a policy of
Russification

France occupied Germany’s coal-rich Ruhr Valley in 1923
Because Germany had fallen behind in reparations

1924 agreement reduced German reparations and provided U.S. loans to Germany
Dawes Plan

Nuremberg Laws
These deprived Jews of German citizenship

conservative reaction to rapid changes in society in U.S. after WWI
the Scopes trial

Sigmund Freud’s method of studying how the mind words and treating mental disorders
Psychoanalysis

the work of Marie Curie and Albert Einstein
the discovery of atomic fission

Ireland became self-governing in 1922, Irish Republican Army (IRA) continue to fight the British
Northern Ireland remained under British rule

Britain’s Labour party
Supported a gradual move toward socialism

economy of the United States in the 1920s
The U.S. became the world’s leading economic power

In the early 1930s, contribution to the spread of economic problems around the world
Governments raised tariffs to protect their economies

Mussolini’s rule in Italy
There was a one party dictatorship

appeal of Mussolini’s fascist government
the fascists ended political feuding in government

Stalin’s Great Purge
Stalin rival party leaders

drawback of being among the Soviet elite under Stalin
the elite often suffered from Stalin’s purges

Nazis take that was a rejection of the Versailles Treaty
They rearmed Germany

who criticized the Weimar Republic
conservative Germans

Eastern European nations that were carved out after World War I
lacked capital to develop industry

right-wing dictators emerged in Eastern Europe
Czechoslovakia and Finland

May fourth Movement Rejected Confucian traditions and learning from the west Mao Zedong Led the Chinese communist party during the Long March WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my …

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What legacy did World War I leave behind? anger and resentment especially in Germany How did Stalin and Mussolini maintain their power? Stalin killed or terrorized his enemies, Mussolini used censorship and fear tactics to keep his people in line …

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civil disobedience The refusal to obey unjust laws negrutude movement in which writers expressed pride in their African roots WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample haciendas large …

How did the Great Depression eventually change Germany politically? Germans eventually believed that Hitler would solve their economic problems Which of the following actions did Japan take in an attempt to recover from the Great Depression? Japan seized control of …

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