Ch. 11

Ch. 11

pertussis
whooping cough
coryza
cold in the head
pneumonia
inflammation of lungs caused by bacteria, viruses and chemical irritants
asthma
paraoxysmal dyspnea accompanied by wheezing caused by a spasm of the bronchial tubes or by swelling of mucous membranes
rales
coarse, crackling, bubbling sounds heard in bronchi usually during inhalation
alveolus
one of the thin-walled microscopic air cells of the lung for gas exchange
epistaxis
nosebleed
larynx
voice box
wheeze
whistling sound on exhalation
nares
nostrils
pulmonary
pertaining to the lung
tracheostomy
new permanent opening of the trachea
tachypnea
rapid breathing
rhinorrhea
discharge from the nose
dyspnea
difficult breathing
bronchoscopy
process of viewing the bronchus
pleuritis
inflammation of the pleura
laryngotomy
surgical incision into the larnyx
pneumonectomy
surgical removal of lung
hypoxemia
insufficient oxygenation of arterial blood
bronchi
in the chest, the trachea bifurcates into the:
oxygen and carbon dioxide
the two gases involved in respiration are:
pulmonary edema
swelling of the lungs caused by abnormal fluid in lungs (the most common cause of this condition is CHF)
laryngitis
this inflammation usually results in dysphonia, cough, and dysphagia:
anthracosis
a condition that is the result of accumulation of carbon deposits in the lungs is:
pneumothorax
a collection of air in the pleural cavity that may cause atelectasis is called a/an:
nasal septum
the partition between the two halves of the nasal cavity is the:
frontal sinuses
which sinuses are located above each eye?
tracheoscopy
inspection of the interior of the trachea using a scope is called a:
pulmonary infarction
necrosis of functional lung tissue due to loss of blood supply is called:
cold in the head
coryza is a:
rales
rattlings in the throat that resemble snoring:
hypoxia
insufficient oxygen in the tissues:
thoracotomy
removal of fluid from the pleural cavity
hemoptysis
blood in the pleural cavity
otorhinolaryngology
study of ears, nose and throat (ENT)
pharynyx
or throat connects mouth and nose to larynx
paranasal sinus (4 of them)
frontal
maxillary
sphenoidal
ethmoidal
left lung has 2 lobes and right lung has 3 lobes
How many lobes does each lung have?
inhalation/inspiration
breathing in
exhalation/expiration
breathing out
auscultation
process of listening for sounds to detect abnormal condition or to fetal heart sounds (by using a stethescope)
dysphonia
difficult in speaking
dyspnea
difficult breathing
SOB
shortness of breath (abrev)
orthopnea
discomfort breathing except erect, sitting or standing position
pleural rub
friction rubbing (caused by inflammation)
rhonchi
rattlings in the throat (especially when it resembles snoring)
stridor
harsh sound, high pitch during inhalation (resembles blowing of wind)
croup
childhood disease, barking cough
diphtheria
infection of the nose, pharnyx,m larnyx
sinusitis
inflammation of the sinus (paranasal sinus)
tonsillitis
inflammation of the palatine tonsils
T & A
tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (abrev)
status asthmaticus
severe asthma attack (requires ER visit, comes on quickly)
bronchiectasis
chronic dilatation of bronchus or bronchi
bronchitis
inflammation of the mucous membrane
acute
temporary
chronic
always there
bronchogenic carcinoma
malignant lung tumor that originates in the bronchi
lobectomy
total removal of lobe
pneumonectomy
partial removal of lobe
emphysema
chronic pulmonary disease characterized by increase beyond the normal in the size of air spaces distal to the terminal bronchiole, either from dilation of the alveoli or from destruction of their walls
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (abrev)
empyema
pus in the body cavity especially in the pleural cavity
hyaline membrane disease
(or respiratory distress syndrome-RDS) severe impairment of respiratory function
ARDS
adult respiratory distress syndrome (abrev)
pleural effusion
accumulation of fluid in the pleural space resulting in compression of the lung
pleuritis
inflammation of the visceral and parietal pleura
pulmonary embolism
obstruction of one or more pulmonary arteries by thrombus (clot) that dislodges from one location and lands in the lung
SIDS
sudden infant death syndrome (unexpected and unexplained infant death or crib death) (abrev)
TB
tuberculosis (infectious disease, highly contagious) (abrev)
PPD
(test that diagnoses TB) (abrev)
anthracosis
accumulation of carbon deposits in the lungs due to breathing smoke or coal dust (black lung disease or coal miners disease)
asbestosis
lung disease resulting from inhalation of asbestos particles
silicosis
inhalation of silical (quartz) dust, characterized by formation of small nodules
CXR
chest x-ray (high energy electromagnetic waves passing through the body on film) (abrev)
AP
anteroposterior (front to the back view of the chest) (abrev)
PA
posteroanterior (from back to front view of the chest) (abrev)
PFT
pulmonary function test (access air intake-respiratory function) (abrev)
bronchoscopy
tube down nose and throat to view bronchial system
laryngoscopy
tube inserted into larnyx
sputum specimen
specimen for analysis
thoracentesis
use of needle to collect pleural fluid for lab analysis
ET
endotracheal intubation (insertion of tube) (abrev)
tracheostomy
creating a permanent opening in the trachea for ventilator support; however it may be closed later
tracheotomy
incision into the trachea; intended to be temporary
ABG
arterial blood gas(es) (abrev)
CPR
cardiopulmonary resuscitation (abrev)
IPPB
intermittent positive pressure breathing (abrev)
LLL
left lower lobe (of the lung) (abrev)
LUL
left upper lobe (of the lung) (abrev)
O2
oxygen (abrev)
R
respiration (abrev)
RDS
respiratory distress syndrome (abrev)
RLL
right lower lobe (of the lung) (abrev)
RUL
right upper lobe (of the lung) (abrev)
TPR
temperature, pulse, and respiration (abrev)
URI
upper respiratory infection (abrev)
alveol/o
alveolus
broncho/o, bronchiol/o
bronchus
laryng/o
larynx
pharyng/o
pharynyx
pleur/o
pleura
pne/o
breathing
pneum/o, pneumon/o
lungs, air
pulmon/o
lungs
rhin/o
nose
thor/a
chest
thorac/o
chest
trache/o
trachea
genic
pertaining to formation; producing
embol/i
to throw
ole
small or little
or/o
mouth
para
near, beside, beyond, two like parts
sinus/o
sinus
ic
pertaining to
ary
pertaining to
osis
condition
ia
condition
phon/o
sound
capnia
(condition of) carbon dioxide content in the blood
hyp
under, below, beneath, less than normal
rrhea
discharge, flow
ectasis
stretching or dilatation
centesis
surgical puncture
ectomy
surgical removal
nonproductuive or unproductive
dry cough (nothing coming up)
productive
wet cough (bringing up sputum-comes from the lung)
bronchus
singular for bronchi
diaphragm
muscular partition that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity
apex
uppermost part of lung
base
lower part of lung
pleura
double folded membrane (of lungs)
parietal
outer layer that lines the thoracic cavity (pleura-lung)
visceral
inner layer that covers the lung (pleura)
pleural space
lubricating fluid that helps movement and sticking together (pleura-lung)
inspection
visual examination of the external surface of the body (movements/posture)
percussion
use of the fingertips to tap the body lightly but sharply to determine position, size, and consistency of an underlying structure and the presence of fluid or pus in a cavity
CO2
carbon dioxide
ARF
acute respiratory failure
DPT
diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus
TST
tuberculin skin test
pleurisy
inflammation of the pleura
hypoexmia
The medical term that means insufficient oxygenation of the blood.
pharyngitis
What is the medical te3rm for “sore throat?”
pleuritis
A sharp “knife-like” pain that also produces a “rubbing” sound is associated with which condition?
False
Pneumonia is an inflammation of the visceral and parietal pleura, True or False
False
Pulmonary edema occurs when fluid accumulates in the pleural space. True or False
True
A pulmonary embolism is the result of a clot that is carried through the vascular system to the lungs. True or False
False
The medical term for collapsing of a lung is bronchiectasis. True or False

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