Ch. 11

pertussis
whooping cough

coryza
cold in the head

pneumonia
inflammation of lungs caused by bacteria, viruses and chemical irritants

asthma
paraoxysmal dyspnea accompanied by wheezing caused by a spasm of the bronchial tubes or by swelling of mucous membranes

rales
coarse, crackling, bubbling sounds heard in bronchi usually during inhalation

alveolus
one of the thin-walled microscopic air cells of the lung for gas exchange

epistaxis
nosebleed

larynx
voice box

wheeze
whistling sound on exhalation

nares
nostrils

pulmonary
pertaining to the lung

tracheostomy
new permanent opening of the trachea

tachypnea
rapid breathing

rhinorrhea
discharge from the nose

dyspnea
difficult breathing

bronchoscopy
process of viewing the bronchus

pleuritis
inflammation of the pleura

laryngotomy
surgical incision into the larnyx

pneumonectomy
surgical removal of lung

hypoxemia
insufficient oxygenation of arterial blood

bronchi
in the chest, the trachea bifurcates into the:

oxygen and carbon dioxide
the two gases involved in respiration are:

pulmonary edema
swelling of the lungs caused by abnormal fluid in lungs (the most common cause of this condition is CHF)

laryngitis
this inflammation usually results in dysphonia, cough, and dysphagia:

anthracosis
a condition that is the result of accumulation of carbon deposits in the lungs is:

pneumothorax
a collection of air in the pleural cavity that may cause atelectasis is called a/an:

nasal septum
the partition between the two halves of the nasal cavity is the:

frontal sinuses
which sinuses are located above each eye?

tracheoscopy
inspection of the interior of the trachea using a scope is called a:

pulmonary infarction
necrosis of functional lung tissue due to loss of blood supply is called:

cold in the head
coryza is a:

rales
rattlings in the throat that resemble snoring:

hypoxia
insufficient oxygen in the tissues:

thoracotomy
removal of fluid from the pleural cavity

hemoptysis
blood in the pleural cavity

otorhinolaryngology
study of ears, nose and throat (ENT)

pharynyx
or throat connects mouth and nose to larynx

paranasal sinus (4 of them)
frontal
maxillary
sphenoidal
ethmoidal

left lung has 2 lobes and right lung has 3 lobes
How many lobes does each lung have?

inhalation/inspiration
breathing in

exhalation/expiration
breathing out

auscultation
process of listening for sounds to detect abnormal condition or to fetal heart sounds (by using a stethescope)

dysphonia
difficult in speaking

dyspnea
difficult breathing

SOB
shortness of breath (abrev)

orthopnea
discomfort breathing except erect, sitting or standing position

pleural rub
friction rubbing (caused by inflammation)

rhonchi
rattlings in the throat (especially when it resembles snoring)

stridor
harsh sound, high pitch during inhalation (resembles blowing of wind)

croup
childhood disease, barking cough

diphtheria
infection of the nose, pharnyx,m larnyx

sinusitis
inflammation of the sinus (paranasal sinus)

tonsillitis
inflammation of the palatine tonsils

T & A
tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (abrev)

status asthmaticus
severe asthma attack (requires ER visit, comes on quickly)

bronchiectasis
chronic dilatation of bronchus or bronchi

bronchitis
inflammation of the mucous membrane

acute
temporary

chronic
always there

bronchogenic carcinoma
malignant lung tumor that originates in the bronchi

lobectomy
total removal of lobe

pneumonectomy
partial removal of lobe

emphysema
chronic pulmonary disease characterized by increase beyond the normal in the size of air spaces distal to the terminal bronchiole, either from dilation of the alveoli or from destruction of their walls

COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (abrev)

empyema
pus in the body cavity especially in the pleural cavity

hyaline membrane disease
(or respiratory distress syndrome-RDS) severe impairment of respiratory function

ARDS
adult respiratory distress syndrome (abrev)

pleural effusion
accumulation of fluid in the pleural space resulting in compression of the lung

pleuritis
inflammation of the visceral and parietal pleura

pulmonary embolism
obstruction of one or more pulmonary arteries by thrombus (clot) that dislodges from one location and lands in the lung

SIDS
sudden infant death syndrome (unexpected and unexplained infant death or crib death) (abrev)

TB
tuberculosis (infectious disease, highly contagious) (abrev)

PPD
(test that diagnoses TB) (abrev)

anthracosis
accumulation of carbon deposits in the lungs due to breathing smoke or coal dust (black lung disease or coal miners disease)

asbestosis
lung disease resulting from inhalation of asbestos particles

silicosis
inhalation of silical (quartz) dust, characterized by formation of small nodules

CXR
chest x-ray (high energy electromagnetic waves passing through the body on film) (abrev)

AP
anteroposterior (front to the back view of the chest) (abrev)

PA
posteroanterior (from back to front view of the chest) (abrev)

PFT
pulmonary function test (access air intake-respiratory function) (abrev)

bronchoscopy
tube down nose and throat to view bronchial system

laryngoscopy
tube inserted into larnyx

sputum specimen
specimen for analysis

thoracentesis
use of needle to collect pleural fluid for lab analysis

ET
endotracheal intubation (insertion of tube) (abrev)

tracheostomy
creating a permanent opening in the trachea for ventilator support; however it may be closed later

tracheotomy
incision into the trachea; intended to be temporary

ABG
arterial blood gas(es) (abrev)

CPR
cardiopulmonary resuscitation (abrev)

IPPB
intermittent positive pressure breathing (abrev)

LLL
left lower lobe (of the lung) (abrev)

LUL
left upper lobe (of the lung) (abrev)

O2
oxygen (abrev)

R
respiration (abrev)

RDS
respiratory distress syndrome (abrev)

RLL
right lower lobe (of the lung) (abrev)

RUL
right upper lobe (of the lung) (abrev)

TPR
temperature, pulse, and respiration (abrev)

URI
upper respiratory infection (abrev)

alveol/o
alveolus

broncho/o, bronchiol/o
bronchus

laryng/o
larynx

pharyng/o
pharynyx

pleur/o
pleura

pne/o
breathing

pneum/o, pneumon/o
lungs, air

pulmon/o
lungs

rhin/o
nose

thor/a
chest

thorac/o
chest

trache/o
trachea

genic
pertaining to formation; producing

embol/i
to throw

ole
small or little

or/o
mouth

para
near, beside, beyond, two like parts

sinus/o
sinus

ic
pertaining to

ary
pertaining to

osis
condition

ia
condition

phon/o
sound

capnia
(condition of) carbon dioxide content in the blood

hyp
under, below, beneath, less than normal

rrhea
discharge, flow

ectasis
stretching or dilatation

centesis
surgical puncture

ectomy
surgical removal

nonproductuive or unproductive
dry cough (nothing coming up)

productive
wet cough (bringing up sputum-comes from the lung)

bronchus
singular for bronchi

diaphragm
muscular partition that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity

apex
uppermost part of lung

base
lower part of lung

pleura
double folded membrane (of lungs)

parietal
outer layer that lines the thoracic cavity (pleura-lung)

visceral
inner layer that covers the lung (pleura)

pleural space
lubricating fluid that helps movement and sticking together (pleura-lung)

inspection
visual examination of the external surface of the body (movements/posture)

percussion
use of the fingertips to tap the body lightly but sharply to determine position, size, and consistency of an underlying structure and the presence of fluid or pus in a cavity

CO2
carbon dioxide

ARF
acute respiratory failure

DPT
diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus

TST
tuberculin skin test

pleurisy
inflammation of the pleura

hypoexmia
The medical term that means insufficient oxygenation of the blood.

pharyngitis
What is the medical te3rm for “sore throat?”

pleuritis
A sharp “knife-like” pain that also produces a “rubbing” sound is associated with which condition?

False
Pneumonia is an inflammation of the visceral and parietal pleura, True or False

False
Pulmonary edema occurs when fluid accumulates in the pleural space. True or False

True
A pulmonary embolism is the result of a clot that is carried through the vascular system to the lungs. True or False

False
The medical term for collapsing of a lung is bronchiectasis. True or False

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The progressive loss of lung function due to a decrease in the total number of alveoli, the enlargement of the remaining avleoli, and the pregressive destruction of their walls is known as ____ Emphysema The medical term for the condition …

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septoplasty surgical repair of septum laryngotomy surgical incision into the larynx WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample tracheotomy what term describes an emergency procedure to gain access …

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