ch 1 AP psych practice test

Who used the method of introspection to scientifically basic elements of mind?
Edward Titchener

The self-reflective observation of one’s own sensations and feelings is called…
introspection

The early school of psychology known as functionalism was developed by…
William James

Who was a student of William James and the first female president of the American Psychological Association?
Mary Calkins

Who was the American philosopher who authored a textbook in 1890 for the emerging discipline of psychology?
William James

In its early years, psychology focused on the study of ________________, but from the 1920s, American psychologists emphasized the study of______________.
Mental life; observable behavior

Who would be most likely to emphasize the role of the unconscious in affecting behavior?
Sigmund Freud

In explaining human behavior, psychoanalysts are likely to focus on _____________, whereas humanistic psychologists concentrate on________________.
childhood experiences and unconscious thoughts

Behaviorists dismissed the value of…
introspection

Humanistic psychologists focused on the importance of…
healthy growth potential

Charles Darwin believed that behaviors, such as the emotional expressions associated with human rage, could be explained by natural selection. Which early psychologist would be most likely to agree with Darwins assessments?
William James

Which perspective is most relevant to understanding the impact of strokes and brain diseases on memory?
biological

Mr. Lopez believes that severe depression results primarily from an imbalanced diet and abnormal brain chemistry. Mr. Lopez favors a ___________ perspective on depression.
biological

Which perspective is most concerned with how individuals interpret their experiences?
cognitive

The distinctive feature of the psychodynamic perspective emphasis on…
unconscious conflicts

Which perspective focuses on how well we learn observable responses?
behavioral

Mark believes that people are genetically predisposed to dislike bitter-tasting foods because this has enhanced human survival. His belief best illustrates the _______________ perspective.
evolutionary

A clinical psychologist who explains behavior in terms of unconscious drives and conflicts is employing a(n) ___________ perspective.
psychodynamic

Which psychological perspective highlights the manner in which people encode, process, store, and retrieve information?
cognitive

Dr. Santaniello conducts basic research on how children’s moral thinking changes as they grow older. It is most likely that Dr. Santaniello is a(n) ______________ psychologist.
developmental

Dr. Wilcox conducts basic research on the behavioral differences between shy and outgoing people. Dr. Wilcox is most likely a(n) _____________ psychologist.
personality

Working in a community health center, Dr. Thatcher treats adults who suffer from severe depression. Dr. Thatcher is most likely a(n) ______________ psychologist.
clinical

For no apparent reason, Adam has recently begun to feel so tense and anxious that he frequently stays home from work. It would be most beneficial for Adam to contact a(n) _______________ psychologist.
clinical

Clinical psychologists specialize in…
treating patients in clinical settings

Dr. Mills conducts research on why individuals conform to the behaviors and opinions of others. Which specialty does his research best represent?
social psychology

Wilhelm Wundt’s laboratory work involved experimental studies of A) animal intelligence. B) personality development. C) learning and memory. D) reactions to sensory stimulation. D Introspection was the basic research tool used by ________ in order to study people’s inner sensations …

empiricism the view that knowledge comes from experience and that science, therefore, should come from experimentation and observation structuralism school of psychology that used introspection to explore the elements of the mind WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON …

A placebo effect would be most likely to account for changes in pain intensity A psychoananlyst would look for the causes of a person’s disorcer in the person;s unconscious mind WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC …

Which of the following statements is false? b. someone suffering from depression will get better only with therapy or medication. The risk of major depression and bipolar disorder dramatically increases if you c. have a parent or sibling with the …

1. Research on left-handedness suggests that A) genes or prenatal factors play a role in handedness. B) a greater proportion of women than men are left-handed. C) left-handers generally demonstrate less artistic competence than right-handers. D) most left-handers process language …

b 1.) Which of the following statements is false? a. Many behavioral and cognitive changes accompany depression. b. Someone suffering from depression will set better only with therapy or medication. c. Compared with men, women are nearly twice as vulnerable …

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