Use your senses to check for problems (look,listen,smell,and feel)
Check critical items when you stop : tires, wheels, rims, brakes, lights, reflectors, electrical connections to trailers.
U-bolts, or other axle poistioning parts that are cracked, or damaged.
Three red reflective triangles
properly charged and rated fire extinguisher.
Windshield wiper arms for proper spring tension.
Wiper blades for damage.
Turn Signals both left and right.
backing toward the right side is very dangerous because you cant see as well.
On a tractor-trailer equipped with a trailer brake hand valve, the hand valve can be applied to keep from rolling back.
Before starting down a hill
The lower ranges prevent the transmission from shifting up beyond the selected gears ( unless the governor rpm is exceeded )
Engine retarders keep you from skidding when the road is slippery
All drivers look ahead, but many don’t look far enough ahead
Watch for brake lights from slowing vehicles
by seeing these things far enough ahead, you can change your speed, if necessary.
Loose straps, ropes, or chains
Mirrors can only be checked accurately when the trailer is straight.
There are blind spots that your mirrors cannot show you?
You communicate your intentions by using turn signals for turns and lane changes
If the surface is icy, reduce speed to a crawl and stop driving as soon as you can safely do so.
Empty trucks have the best braking
It makes the road look wet
Any time the temp is below freezing and the road looks wet, watch out for black ice!
You should alwasy be able to stop within the distance you can see ahead.
In heavy traffic, the safest speed is that of other vehicles as long as it is legal and not excessive for conditions.
Decrease your speed even further when a worker is close to the roadway.
If the vehicle ahead of you is smaller than yours, it can probably stop faster than you can.
Compare your count with the rule of one second for every ten feet of length.
You may be trapped when you need to change lanes
You should decrease your following distance if somebody is follwoing you too closely.
If you swing wide to the left before turning right, another driver may try and pass you on the right.
Before you start across a road, make sure you can get all the way across before traffic reaches you.
Pre-program radio stations and pre-load all cd’s and cassets.
Road rage is operating a vehicle with the intent of doing harm to others or physically assaulting a driver or their vehicle.
Avoid eye contact, and ignore gestures and refuse to react with them.
Give the drive your full attention. Don’t allow yourself to become distracted by talking on you cell phone, eating, etc.
During night driving with high beams you can see about ___ feet ahead.
Dirty headlights may give only 90 % of the light they should?
Increase engine RPM and cross water while keeping light pressure on breaks.
held to a point which will permit you to stop short of the tracks if a stop is necessary.
At a railroad crossing you should skip shift quickly on the tracks to get off them.
It is illegal to shift gears while crossing railroad tracks.
If your brakes fade, set the parking brake to stop the vehicle.
You should use low beams whenever you can.
Defrosting and heating equiptment.
Water in the brakes can cause the brakes to be weak, to apply unevenly, or to grab.
You should let air out of the hot tires so the pressure goes back to normal.
Legnth of grade, steepness of grade, road conditions, and weather.
You may not even be able to get back into any gear and all engine braking affect will be lost.
When your speed has increased to your “safe” speed, repeate previous step.
Modern trucks may have to use lower gears going down a hill than would be required to go up the hill.
Brakes kept in good condition rarely fail.
Single-axle tractor pulling a long trailer with its landing gear set to accommodate a tandem-axle tractor.
When you don’t have enough room to stop, you may have to steer away from whats ahead.
If that driver has realized what has happened, a natural reaction is to move back into their lane.
Escape ramps are sometimes used in combination with an upgrade.
If a tire blows out, you shoould put the brakes on hard and stop quickly.
Vibration. The vehicle thumps or vibrates heavily.
When leaving the roadway in an emergency, avoid using the brakes until your speed has dropped to 20 mph. Once dropped to 20 mph, brake gently. If possible, keep one set of wheels on the roadway.
When leaving the roadway in an emergency, brake as hard as you can and get back on the roadway as soon as possible.
Controlled braking is when you apply your brakes all the way, and release the brakes when the wheels lock up.
Trailers will have yellow ABS malfunction lamps on the left side, either on the front or rear corner.
Brake the smae regardless or wether you have ABS.
If you ABS malfunctions, you still have regular brakes.
The most common skid is where the rear wheels loose traction through excessive braking or acceleration.
Driving to fast for conditions causes most front-wheel skid.
The frist thing to do at a crash scene is to keep another crash from happening in the smae spot.
It takes time, not coffee or a cold shower to sober up.
If you are stopping to help, park away from the crash.
Duals that tocuh.
The B:C type fire extinguisher is designed to work on electrical fires and burning liquids.
When using a fire extinguisher, you should get as close as possible to the fire.
Electrical system. Short circuts due to damaged insulation and loose conncetions.
Common over the counter medicines for colds can make you drowsy.
You can drive a vehicle that carries hazardous materials if it does not require placards.
Never drive a a vehicle requiring a hazardous material placard unless you have a hazardous material endorsement.
In a pouch on the driver’s door, or in clear view within reach while driving.
You can’t overcome it with will power and it won’t go away on its own.
Knowing your cargo is properly secured and does not obsrtuct your view ahead or to the sides.
During bad weather.
No matter how small the cargo, it should have at least 2 tie-downs.
To protect the cargo from bad weather.
Blocking is used in the front, back, and/or sides of a piece of cargo to keep it from sliding.