Cardiovascular disorders have a common place in the fact they either attack the heart or the blood vessels. Within the heart, it will be such diseases as coronary heart disease, cardiomyophathy, all of which constitute the heart diseases. For the cardiovascular diseases to be fully mentioned, those affecting the blood vessels connecting with the heart will be among atherosclerosis which is characterized by the artery walls thickening because of the accumulation of fatty materials along its lumen.
Consequently the disorder referred to as atherosclerosis is closely related to and is almost always experienced along with deadly disorder of hyper tension or high blood pressure. The obvious reason to this is that when the lumen of the artery is narrowed due to atherosclerosis, the result will be a more fast flow of blood along the narrow artery hence high blood pressure. Between atherosclerosis and hyper tension however, the overriding disorder is hypertension simply because besides adversely affecting a wide variety of body organs, it is also responsible for causing atherosclerosis.
Therefore, much focus on the cardiovascular disorder that can affect the hematological system, respiratory system and the renal system will dwell on hypertension. Its responsibility in causing atherosclerosis, this arises from fact as the blood pressure flowing through the healthy arteries increase, the cells along smooth lining of the arteries are damaged. Following this damage, the immunological system will respond causing an inflammatory reaction which thicken and harden the ever elastic and strong artery wall.
As fats and cholesterol taken in the diet move along the damaged artery walls, they accumulate, resulting in atherosclerosis. The arteries throughout the body get affected and the blood flow to the various organs as kidneys, legs, heart, lungs, causing such problems as aneurysms, kidney failure, heart attack and chest pain (Laragh et al, 1995). The hyper tension therefore and hence atherosclerosis has been responsible for the much trouble experienced in the hematological system, respiratory system and also the renal system.
This responsibility is because of the obvious reason that from the heart, the blood lacking oxygen will have to take a route towards the lungs so that they can be packed with the gas, in the case of respiratory system and if their road is rendered less passable, something too will happen at the destination which is the respiratory system. From the heart the blood forming cells and organs will require adequate nutrient supply for the blood to be formed.
Of course the blood that will be formed will be required by the heart itself and all the other organs of the body. Besides being formed, the blood needs to continue and freely flow throughout the body for it to accomplish its role of supplication. If something happens to the arteries, things will change in the hematological system and this could result in a disorder. Lastly, the blood from the heart will have to be taken to the kidney along the blood vessels so that the excess fluids and salts may get filtered into the renal system for purposes of excretion.
Kidney and all the other organs attached or linked to it including the urinary bladder, the urethra, and others make up the renal system. If something therefore happens to the heart or the blood vessels, so that the vessels are not given favorable conditions for the crucial process of filtration, the effect of this will extend into the renal system where it will cause other complication.