Cardiology

Common carotid artery

Common carotid artery

Marginal branch of RCA
Marginal branch of RCA

Posterior interventricular branch of the RCA = posterior interventricular artery
Posterior interventricular branch of the RCA = posterior interventricular artery

Anterior interventricular branch of the LCA (anterior interventricular artery)
Anterior interventricular branch of the LCA (anterior interventricular artery)

Right brachiocephalic vein

internal jugular vein
internal jugular vein

Great cardiac vein
Great cardiac vein

Middle cardiac vein
Middle cardiac vein

Small cardiac vein
Small cardiac vein

Middle cardiac vein
Middle cardiac vein

endocardium
endocardium

myocardium
myocardium

epicardium
epicardium

fossa ovalis
fossa ovalis

interatrial septum
interatrial septum

interventricular septum
interventricular septum

pectinate muscles
pectinate muscles

fibrous skeleton
fibrous skeleton
provides attachments for the valves and myocardium

chordae tendineae
chordae tendineae

papillary muscles
papillary muscles
located in the ventricles of the heart. They attach to the cusps of the atrioventricular valves (also known as the mitral and tricuspid valves) via the chordae tendineae and contract to prevent inversion or prolapse of these valves on systole (or ventricular contraction).

trabeculae carneae
trabeculae carneae
The _______ (columnae carneae, or meaty ridges), are rounded or irregular muscular columns which project from the inner surface of the right and left ventricles of the heart. These are different from the pectinate muscles, which are present in the right atrium and the atrial appendages of the heart.

base of the heart
base of the heart

apex of the heart
apex of the heart

anterior interventricular sulcus
anterior interventricular sulcus

posterior interventricular sulcus
posterior interventricular sulcus

coronary sulcus
coronary sulcus
The atria of the heart are separated from the ventricles by the _______ (also called coronary groove, auriculoventricular groove, atrioventricular groove, AV groove); this contains the trunks of the nutrient vessels of the heart, and is deficient in front, where it is crossed by the root of the pulmonary trunk.

foramen ovale
foramen ovale
allows blood to enter the left atrium from the right atrium. It is one of two fetal cardiac shunts

ductus arteriosum
ductus arteriosum
blood vessel connecting the pulmonary artery to the proximal descending aorta. It allows most of the blood from the right ventricle to bypass the fetus’s fluid-filled non-functioning lungs. Upon closure at birth, it becomes the ligamentum arteriosum.

aortic valve
aortic valve
ascultated at R 2nd ICS

pulmonary valve
pulmonary valve
ascultated at L 2nd ICS

Erb's cardiac point
Erb’s cardiac point
ascultated at L 3rd ICS. best place to hear S2 sounds – “dub” closing of semilunar valves

Tricuspid valve (R AV valve)
Tricuspid valve (R AV valve)
ascultated at 4th or 5th ICS

Bicuspid valve
Bicuspid valve
ascultated at 5th ICS (mid clavicular)

sternal body
sternal body

sternal notch (jugular notch)
sternal notch (jugular notch)

sternal angle
sternal angle

xiphoid
xiphoid

Rough ridges of muscle on the inner wall of the atria Pectinata These vessels carry reoxygenated blood back from the lungs to the heart Pulmonary Veins WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR …

right atrium – plural would be atria – upper right chamber – relatively thin walled – smaller chamber right auricle – small flap like outpouchings of the atria – dark gray brown color – texture looks similar to cauliflower – …

epicardium layer right atrium a WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample left atrium b right ventricle left ventricle pulmonary trunk left and right pulmonary arteries right is …

Epicardium, Myocardium, Endocardium The heart wall is comprised of what three layers? Myocardium Which layer of the heart is composed of cardiac muscle; responsible for the heart beat? WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR …

Cardiovascular system -composed of heart and blood vessels Function of cardiovascular system -transports blood through the body along with respiratory gases, nutrients and waste products WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY …

What are the differences between blood in the right side of the heart versus the left side of the heart? Right = O2 poor and blood goes to the lungs Left = O2 rich and goes everywhere else In general, …

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