1. Long-term aim – This lesson aims to discuss to the grade 1 students what may happen when they disregarded taking care of their teeth (the effects of tooth decay on overall health). 2. Short-term aim – As a short term goal, this lesson aims to teach the students the proper way to brush their teeth and the reasons why children like them suffer from tooth decay or cavities. Content of the Lesson 1. This lesson will provide information to the students the causes of tooth decay or cavities and will also include some facts on how an improper dental care will affect a person’s health.
(see page 5) 2. To help the 1st graders to prevent tooth decay, this lesson will show them the proper way of brushing teeth and also a discussion on other ways or methods to prevent teeth from cavities. (see pages 5 and 6) Concrete Materials and Teaching Aids For this lesson, I will be using a toothbrush, a typodont, and some pictures and illustrations to show how cavities look. Introduction Nowadays, tooth decay or cavities and other dental diseases are present in many areas here in the United States. You can be one of those who carry this disease.
Due to lack of education about the causes of cavities and because most of us are not interested on preventing tooth decay, problems on our dental health become widespread and rampant. Also, many of us brush our teeth in an improper way. Fortunately, I am here to discuss to you the reasons why our teeth suffer from cavities and other dental diseases. As an addition, I will show to you the correct way of brushing your teeth. I will also give you some advice on choosing the right toothbrush for you so that your teeth will become healthy and strong. Statement of the Problem
How can we prevent our teeth from cavities so that our teeth will all be strong healthy? Presentation of Information 1. To deliver this lesson effectively, I will be teaching them by questioning some of their teeth how they take care of their teeth, explaining them the causes of tooth decay and how to prevent it, and demonstrating the right way to brush our teeth. 2. First, I will be giving my introduction and at the same time I will be showing a series of illustrations showing some cases of tooth decays or cavities and then I will state the problem.
Afterwards, ask at least three of them on what they know about cavities. Then, I will be discussing the causes of tooth decay and cavities and how this problem affects a person’s (especially a child’s) health. After discussing this, I will again ask some of them on how (or if) they take care of their teeth. I will also ask them to demonstrate how they brush their teeth. Then afterwards, I will be showing them the correct method of brushing teeth. After this, I will be telling them other ways to prevent cavities like using dental floss and sugarless gums.
Then, I will sum up the whole lesson. Afterwards, a sort of quiz will be held and the winners will have prices like toothbrush, sugarless gums, dental floss, and stickers. 3. Questions to be asked to the students: a. What do you children know about cavities? b. How do you brush your teeth and how many times? c. Can you please show me how you brush your teeth? 4. As I am delivering my speech, I am expecting the students to be alertly listening to me. It is also essential to them to ask some questions if they want to clarify something.
Also, while I am demonstrating the correct way of brushing teeth, I will be expecting them to try it to themselves (imaginarily). 5. I will provide a blackboard summary so that the material presented will be rehearsed quickly by the learners prior to follow-up activities. Tooth decay or cavities can happen to all of us. To prevent this, just brush your teeth at least two times a day properly. Also, get some time to visit your dentist regularly so that he may assist you on your dental health. Application/ Seat Work/ Follow-up 1. Materials – toothbrush and typodont.
As prizes – toothbrush, sugarless gums, dental floss, and stickers. 2. I will be asking some volunteers by and will ask them to repeat what I have demonstrated. If they do it right, I will give them a prize. Cavities Because of tooth decay, cavities occur. It is the destruction of the teeth’s structure. We suffer from tooth decay because we eat foods that contain sugars and carbohydrates. Such foods are bread, cereals, milk, soda, fruits, cakes, and candies that are left between your teeth. Bacteria lives on these tiny food bits between your teeth and together with saliva, they form plaque.
The acids coming from the plaque destroys the enamel or the outer layer of the teeth. In effect, holes occur in our teeth and that is what we call cavities. Preventing Cavities 1. Avoid drinking fluids that are high on sugar like sodas and other high-fructose drinks. 2. Instead of eating soft and sugary foods such as chocolates and marshmallows, eat fresh fruits and vegetables. 3. Brush your teeth or rinse your mouth every after meal. 4. Chew sugarless gums instead of sweet candies. 5. Regularly visit your dentist to seek advice regarding your dental health.
Proper Way of Brushing Teeth 1. Choose the right toothbrush and toothpaste. Soft-bristled tooth brush is recommended and your toothpaste should have fluoride. 2. Start brushing with, the farthest back teeth in your mouth, your upper molars. 3. Brush teeth in a back and forth motion and a rolling motion near the gum line. 4. Work your toothbrush around all sides of the teeth including the biting surface and the inside and outside areas. 5. Brush all of the back teeth first, making sure to pay attention to all surfaces. 6. Move onto the front teeth and brush in a back and forth motion.
Smile broadly to move your lips out of the way. Brush the insides of the teeth as much as the outsides. 7. Take your time. It should take at least 2 minutes to brush your teeth properly. 8. Brush your tongue to remove bacteria and food debris that can also contribute to cavities. 9. Spit out the remaining toothpaste. 10. Avoid rinsing your mouth with water after brushing your teeth to prevent fluoride from being washed off teeth before it has had a chance to work. If you must rinse, use a mouthwash with fluoride instead of water. (source: http://www. ehow. com/how_2209206_brush-prevent-cavities. html)