The breasts usually grow during puberty because of an increase in estrogen. During the menstrual cycles, a lot of hormones lead to various changes in breast tissue. It can eventually lead to discomfort and even pain. Therefore, mastalgia or an occasional breast pain is very common among all females.
Based on the available studies and facts, breast pain affects more than half of females. It can be categorised as cyclical or non-cyclical. The first type means the pain that is connected with the menstrual cycle of a woman. It becomes noticeable after and during the period. On the other hand, non-cyclical pain can be caused by a wide range of factors, and various injuries are only some of them. Moreover, it is significant to mention that such type of pain can often come from surrounding muscles or tissues. However, it is a very common misconception of many females to that the pain comes from the breast itself. The surrounding muscles discomfort is less common than the breast tissues pain. In fact, such symptoms are very hard to identify.
It should be mentioned that mastalgia can be different in its intensity. It varies from a mild tingling to a very sharp pain in breast. A lot of females can feel that their breasts are fuller than usual and others can say that they are extra tender. With this in mind, it is essential to highlight two most common factors that lead to the breast pain. The first one is fibrocystic (lumpy) breasts and the second one is hormone fluctuations.
A female menstrual cycle can cause hormone fluctuations in progesterone and estrogen. These two hormones can make the woman feel that her breast is lumpy, swollen, and even painful. Some females prove that such pain can get worse as they get older. It can be explained by the increased sensitivity to the hormones as the person is ageing. In fact, a lot of females who tend to feel menstrual-related pain will not have such pain after menopause. It should also be noticed that in case the breast pain is caused by the hormone fluctuations, the woman will probably detect that the pain is getting worse three or two days before her period.
Moreover, the pain is likely to continue throughout the menstrual cycle. With this in mind, to identify whether the breast pain is associated with the menstrual cycle, it is highly recommended for every female to keep a log of their periods. It is crucial to note when they experience pain during the month. After several cycles, it will become possible for them to predict it. The stages in body development can impact a woman’s wellbeing, and can also cause the breast pain (namely, the menopause, puberty, and pregnancy).
As a female body gets older, the breasts change. Such transformation is known as involution. This is the case when the breast tissue becomes replaced by fat. A side effect of such change is the development of the more fibrous tissues. This process is also explained as the time when the stage of the fibrocystic breast tissue or fibrocystic changes. Even when fibrocystic breasts do not often cause pain, sometimes the women still feel discomfort due to that reason.
It is also significant to add that fibrocystic breasts usually increase tenderness, and thus the breast can feel lumpy. Such sensation is usually felt in the outer and upper portions of the breasts. It should also be indicated that the lumps can become bigger during the menstrual cycle of every female.
At the same time, it is very important to examine other causes of breast pain. For instance, one of the reasons females can feel breast pain is her diet and her lifestyle in general. Some products women consume can lead to pain in breasts. To be exact, people who do not follow a healthy diet and consume a lot of refined carbs and fats can be at higher risk of breast pains. On the other hand, sometimes breast pain causes are not connected with breasts but with the irritation of the back muscles, arms, and chest. It can be a common symptom for those females who engage in various activities including shovelling, water skiing, rowing, and raking.
Finally, it would be a mistake to ignore the breast size. Females who have larger breast or the breasts that are not in proportion to their frames often feel discomfort in their shoulders and necks. Moreover, if a woman had surgery on her breasts, there is no doubt that pain from such tissue formation will linger for a long time. In addition, smoking can also be a problem because it raises the level of epinephrine in the breast tissue. Sometimes, breasts can hurt if a woman smokes. Also, it is worth paying attention to the medications the woman takes. For instance, antibiotics, medications for hearing diseases, antidepressants, and hormone therapy can significantly contribute to the breast pain. With this in mind, it is better to consult the doctor to find the alternative options available.