Breast and Ovarian Cancer

Purpose Statement: This speech has a primary goal of educating the audience and to give a better understanding of what breast cancer is and how it can be treated with detection by a vast variety of methods. It will also give better understanding that not only women but men also are susceptible to breast cancer. Introduction I. Attention: There are a number of researches done about breast and ovarian cancer. Breast cancer is the second largest cause of death in women. Ovarian cancer is the fourth largest cause of death in women, but there isn’t a lot of attention brought to the public by the media.

There needs to be more awareness about these types of cancers for better education. II. Relevance: Everyone will be affected by cancer sometime in their life either directly or indirectly. Getting people the knowledge and information might help save a life. III. Thesis: Being tested and self-exams are the most proactive ways to catch it early to prevent death. IV. Preview: I will tell you the causes of breast and ovarian cancer. I will also tell you information about genetic testing. [Transition: Let me first tell you what cancer is.]

Body I. What is cancer? What is breast and ovarian cancer? A. Cancer is a cell that because immortal due to the loss of signal to die as the immortal cell continues to grow it splits its self and continues to duplicate this process until a mass is formed large enough to be felt or see in a scan. 1. Breast cancer an immortal cell that is located in the breast tissue, not only in women but men also. 2. Ovarian cancer is an immortal cell located in the ovarian tissue and the fallopian tubes. B.

Approximately 2 million women in the United States have been diagnosed and treated for breast cancer and there was a reported 40,000 that lost their lives due to breast cancer in 2009 alone according to the Journal of Cell & Tissue Research. C. Approximately 23,000 new cases of ovarian cancer are reported a year and approximately 15,000 will die a year according to the Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing. D. Approximately less than 1% of breast cancer occurs in men. [Transition: Now that we have talked about what breast cancer is, let’s talk about what age it could develop. ] II.

What age is breast and ovarian cancer usually developed? A. The average age for breast cancer is over 50 and the average age for ovarian cancer is 65 or older. B. If you have a strong history of these cancers in your family there is a chance that you could test positive for a genetic mutation gene. 1. A genetic mutation gene is a gene that is passed from family member to family member; There are two types of these genes and one is called BRACA Braca 1 is a mutation for breast cancer, which brings the percentage to a higher rate of getting the disease and getting it at a much younger age for men and women.

2. The other gene is called BRACA 2. Braca 2 is a mutation for breast and ovarian cancer, which means not only is there higher risk of getting breast cancer but ovarian cancer also at a much younger age and for men this gene presents its self in the form of breast cancer and prostate cancer. [Transition: Now that we know the age cancer could develop let’s talk about prevention. ] III. What are the preventions for breast and ovarian cancers? A.

The first prevention you can do is communication; Talking to your family and children lets them know what the family history is and what to be aware of in the future. B. The second prevention is screening by the doctor on a regular basis and self-exams. C. The third is to get tested for the mutation gene if there is a strong family history. 1. If you test positive for the BRACA 1 gene you can lower the percentage of having breast cancer quite a bit by having a bilateral mastectomy. 2.

If you test positive for the BRACA 2 gene you can bring the percentage for having breast and ovarian cancer quite a bit lower by not only having a bilateral mastectomy but also a hysterectomy. [Transition: Now that we understand what breast cancer is, when it could develop and how we can help prevent let’s move on to the conclusion. ] Conclusion I. Summary: With all of the information that I have given, we now know not only what cancer is but what breast and ovarian cancer is. We also know that men can get it same as women and instead of ovarian cancer it presents its self as prostate cancer.

We now know what age to be thinking about it, and we also know good ways to prevent from getting it. It is not a guarantee that you will not get these types of cancers if you follow these prevention methods but it does bring your chances way down and brings the survival rate up. II. Restated Thesis: Being tested and self-exams are the most effective way to catch it early to prevent death. III. Call to action: Talking is the best way for prevention the more you and your family know the better off everyone is.

I encourage you to ask questions and be informed about your family history not only because of these cancers but other health risks also. V. Closing Statement: At the beginning of the speech I spoke about the number of researches done about breast and ovarian cancer and breast cancer being the second largest cause of death in women, and ovarian cancer being the fourth largest cause of death in women, but there not being a lot of information about ovarian cancer in the news or on TV.

We desperately need to get the awareness out there to educate people. Knowledge is power. References Dite, G. , Whittemore, A. , Knight, J. , John, E. , Milne, R. , Andrulis, I. , & … Hopper, J. (2010). Increased cancer risks for relatives of very early-onset breast cancer cases with and without BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations. British Journal Of Cancer, 103(7), 1103-1108. doi:10. 1038/sj. bjc. 6605876. Retrieved February 22, 2012 from academic search complete Field, K. M. , & de Boer, R.

H. (2009). Male breast cancer: A review. Asia Pacific Journal Of Oncology & Hematology, 1(1), 19-26. Retrieved February 22, 2012 from academic search complete Finch, A. A. , Metcalfe, K. K. , Lui, J. J. , Springate, C. C. , Demsky, R. R. , Armel, S. S. , & … Narod, S. S. (2009). Breast and ovarian cancer risk perception after prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomy due to an inherited mutation in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene. Clinical Genetics, 75(3), 220-224. doi:10. 1111/j. 1399-0004.

2008. 01117. x. Retrieved February 22, 2012 from academic search complete Manoharan, S. S. , & Pugalendhi, P. P. (2010). Breast cancer: An overview. Journal Of Cell & Tissue Research, 10(3), 2423-2432. Retrieved February 22, 2012 from academic search complete Martin, V. R. (2007). Ovarian cancer: An overview of treatment options. Clinical Journal Of Oncology Nursing, 11(2), 201-207. doi:10. 1188/07. CJON. 201-207. Retrieved February 22, 2012 from academic search complete.

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