Brady emergency care 13th edition

Body mechanics
The proper use of the body to faciliate lifting and moving to prevent injury

Power lift
A lift from a squatting position with weight to be lifted close to the body, feet apart and flat on the ground, body weight on or just behind the balls of the feet, and the back locked in. The upper body is raised before the hips.

Object, your limitations, communication
What are the three things to consider before lifting a patient?

Position feet properly, use your legs, never turn or twist, do not compensate when lifting with one hand, keep the weight as close to you as possible
What four rules that are followed when lifting to prevent injury?

Power grip
Gripping with as much hand surface as possible in contact with the object being lifted, all fingers bent at the same angle, and hands at least 10 inches a part.

Keep your back in locked position, avoid twisting while reaching, avoid reaching more then twenty inches in front of your body, avoid prolonged reaching when strenuous is required
What are the four things to remember when reaching?

Emergency move
Moving the patient without using spinal injury precautions. Used when the patient needs to be moved out of an unsafe area.

Urgent move
Moving the patient quickly while taking spinal precautions.

Non-urgent move
Moving the patient in a normal way without being in a hurry

Extremity lift
A method of lifting and carrying a patient during which one rescuer slips hands under the patients armpits and grasps the wrist, while another rescuer grasps the patients knees used when no spinal injuries are suspected

Direct ground lift
A method of lifting and carrying a patient from ground level to a stretcher in which two or more rescuers kneel, curl the patient to their chests, Stand then reverse the process to lower the patient to the stretcher. Performed when patient has no suspected spine injures and needs to be lifted from the ground to a stretcher.

Draw-sheet method
A method of transferring a patient form bed to stretcher by grasping and pulling the loosened bottom sheet of the bed. Used then no spinal injury is suspected. Non urgent move

Direct carry
A method of transferring a patient from a bed to stretcher, during which two or more rescuers curl the patient to their chests then reverse the process to lower the patient to the stretcher. Non urgent move

Supine position
What position are patients put in that believed to be in shock?

scope of practice
A set of regulations and ethical considerations that define the scope or extent and limits, of the EMT’s job

Standard of care
For an EMT providing care for a specific patient in a specific situation, the care that would be expected to be provided by an EMT with similar training when caring for a patient in a similar situation.

Consent
Permission from the patient for care or another action by the EMT

Expressed consent
Consent given by adults who are of legal age and mentally competent to make a rational decision in regard to their medical well-being.

Implied consent
The consent it is presumed a patient or patients guardian would give if they could

In loco parentis
In place of a parent, indicating a person who may give consent for care of a child when the parents are not present of able to give consent

Liability
Being held legally responsible

Assault
Placing a person in fear of bodily harm

Battery
Causing bodily harm to or restating a person

Advance directive
Instructions written in advance of event

Tort
A civil or not a criminal offense; an action or injury caused by negligence from which a lawsuit may arise

Lungs
What does root broncho mean

Heart
What does root cardi mean

Stomach
What does root gastro mean

Liver
What does root hepat mean

Nerve
What does root neur mean

Nose
What does root nas mean

Mouth
What does root or mean

Air or lungs
What does root pneumo mean

Away from
What does prefix ab mean

Toward or near
What does prefix ad mean

Before
What does prefix ante mean

Slow/ below normal
What does prefix Brady mean

Against
What does prefix contra mean

Difficult of pain
What does prefix dys mean

Above normal, high
What does prefix hyper mean

Below normal, low
What does prefix hypo mean

Between
What does prefix inter mean

Around
What does prefix peri mean

Many
What does prefix poly mean

After
What does prefix post mean

Before
What does prefix pre mean

Above or in excess
What does prefix super/ supra mean

Above normal, rapid
What does prefix tachy mean

One
What does prefix uni mean

Pertaining to
What does suffix ac meant

Pain
What does suffix algia mean

Vomiting
What does suffix emesis mean

Inflammation
What does suffix itis mean

Study of
What does suffix ology mean

Paralysis
What does suffix plegia mean

Breathing
What does suffix pnea mean

Discharge
What does suffix rrhea mean

Contraction
What does suffix spasm mean

Pertaining to
What does suffix Al mean

One who specializes in
What does suffix ist mean

Anatomy
The study of bone structure

Physiology
The study of body function

Midline
An imaginary line drawn down the center of the body dividing it into right and left halves

Medial
Toward the midline of the body

Lateral
To the side away from the midline of the body

Bilateral
On both sides

Unilateral
Limited to one side

Mid-axillary line
A line drawn vertically from the middle of the arm pit to the ankle

Anterior
The front of the body or body part

Posterior
The back of the body or body part

Ventral
Referring to the front of the body

Dorsal
Referring to the back of the body or the back of the hand or foot

Superior
Toward the head

Inferior
Away from from the head

Proximal
Closer to the torso

Distal
Father away from the torso

Torso
The trunk of the body or the body with out the head and the extremities

Palmar
Referring to palm of hand

Plantar
Referring to sole of foot

Mid clavicular line
The line throughout the center of each clavicle

Supine
Lying on back

Prone
Lying face down

Recovery position
Lying on side

Fowler position
A sitting position

authorized by a medical director to give medications and provide emergency care. The transfer of such authorization is an extension of the Medical Director’s license to practice medicine. Designated Agent description of medical techniques or practices that are supported by …

Airway The passageway by which air enters and leaves the body. bronchoconstriction the contraction of smooth muscle that lines the bronchial passages that results in decreased internal diameter of the airway and increased resistance to airflow WE WILL WRITE A …

Agranulocyte Suffix. -cyte Prefix. A- Cf. Granul/o Definition Suffix. Cell Prefix. Away from; without C.f. Granule Autologous Suffix. -ous Prefix. None C.f. Aut/o C.f. Log/o Definition Suffix. Pertaining to Prefix. None C.f. Self C.f. Word; the study of WE WILL …

Apneic Suffix – ic Prefix – a Comf – pne/o Medical word def Suffix – pertaining to Prefix – without CF – breathing Bronchopneumonia (BRONG-koh-noo-MOHN-yah) Suffix – ia Prefix – none Comf – bronch/o Comf – pneumon/ o Medical word …

alveolar ventilation the amount of air that reaches the alveoli artificial ventilation forcing air or oxygen into the lungs when a patient has stopped breathing or has inadequate breathing. Also called positive pressure ventilation WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY …

Adenocarcinoma (AD-eh-noh-KAR-sih-NOH-mah) Suffix – oma Prefix none Com f aden/o Com f carcin/o Medical word def Suffix tumor; mass Prefix. None CF. Gland CF. Cancer Anorexia (AN-oh-REK-see-ah) Suffix – ia Prefix an- Com f. orex/o Medical word def Suffix condition; …

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