Brady Emergency Care 12th Edition Chapter 6 Review

aerobic metabolism
The cellular process in which oxygen is used to metabolize glucose, producing energy in an efficient manner with minimal waste products

anaerobic metabolism
The cellular process in which glucose is metabolized into energy without oxygen, producing energy in an inefficient manner with many waste products

cardiac output
The amount of blood ejected from the heart in 1 minute (heart rate x stroke volume)

chemoreceptors
Chemical sensors in the brain and blood vessels that identify changing levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide

dead air space
Air that occupies the space between the mouth and the alveoli but that does not actually reach the area of gas exchange

dehydration
An abnormally low amount of water in the body

edema
Swelling associated with the movement of water into the interstitial space

electrolyte
A substance that, when dissolved in water, separates into charged particles

hypoperfusion
Inability of the body to adequately circulate blood to the body’s cells to supply them with oxygen and nutrients; shock

metabolism
The cellular function of converting nutrients into energy

minute volume
The amount of air breathed in during each respiration multiplied by the number of breaths per minute

patent
Open and clear, free from obstruction

pathophysiology
The study of how disease processes affect the function of the human body

perfusion
The supply of oxygen to, and removal of waste from, the cells and tissues of the body as a result of the flow of blood through the capillaries

shock
The inability of the body to adequately circulate blood to the body’s cells to supply them with oxygen and nutrients; hypoperfusion

stroke volume
The amount of blood ejected from the heart in one contraction

tidal volume
The amount of air moved in one cycle of breathing

water
The circulatory and renal systems help control the levels of ___________ in the body

airway
This is made up of the structures from the mouth and nose to the alveoli of the lungs

medulla oblongata
The section of the brain responsible for respiratory control

hypersensitivity
An exaggerated immune response (allergic reaction)

authorized by a medical director to give medications and provide emergency care. The transfer of such authorization is an extension of the Medical Director’s license to practice medicine. Designated Agent description of medical techniques or practices that are supported by …

primary assessment the portion of patient assessment that focuses only on life threats, specifically ABCs 2 terms that primary assessment are also known as primary survey and initial assessment WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY …

airway the passageway by which air enters or leaves the body. bronchoconstriction the contraction of smooth muscle the lines the bronchial passages that results in a decreased internal diameter of the airway and increased resistance to air flow WE WILL …

What is the amount of blood ejected from the heart in one contraction? Stroke Volume What is the amount of blood ejected from the heart in 1 minute- equation HR x SV Cardiac Output WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY …

Body mechanics The proper use of the body to faciliate lifting and moving to prevent injury Power lift A lift from a squatting position with weight to be lifted close to the body, feet apart and flat on the ground, …

Automated external defibrillator (AED) A computerized defibrillator programmed to recognize lethal heart rhythms and deliver an electrical shock to restore a normal rhythm Bioterrorism The intentional release of a biologic agent with the intent to harm individuals WE WILL WRITE …

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