Brady Emergency Care 12th Edition – Chapter 18

aspirin
a medication used to reduce the clotting ability of blood to prevent and treat clots associated with myocardial infarction

contraindications
specific signs or circumstances under which it is not appropriate and may be harmful to administer a drug to a patient

enteral
referring to a route of medication administration that uses the GI tract such as swallowing a pill

epinephrine
a drug that helps to constrict the blood vessels and relax passages of the airway. It may be used to counter a severe allergic reaction

indications
specific signs or circumstances under which it is appropriate to administer a drug to a patient

inhaler
a spray device with a mouthpiece that contains an aerosol form of a medication that a patient can spray into his airway

nitroglycerin
a drug that helps to dilate the coronary vessels that supply the heart muscles with blood

oral glucose
a form of glucose given by mouth to treat an awake patient with an altered mental status and a history of diabetes

parenteral
reffering to a route of medication administration that does not use the GI tract such as IV meds

pharmacodynamics
the study of the effects of medications on the body

pharmacology
the study of drugs, their sources, their characteristics and their effects

side effect
any action of a drug other than the desired action

untoward effect
an effect of a medication in addition to its desired effect that may be potentially harmful to the patient

What medications are EMT’s allowed to administer?
aspirin, oral glucose, oxygen, inhalers, nitroglycerine, epinephrine

What are the five rights?
right patient
right time
right medication
right dose
right route

What are the routes of medication administration?
oral, sublingual, inhaled, IV, IM, SubQ, Intraosseous, endotracheal, buccal

What is the dosage of aspirin given?
324mg of baby aspirin or 325mg of adult aspirin

What is the function of aspirin?
reduces the ability of blood to clot

What is the function of nitroglycerin?
to dilate coronary arteries and relieve chest pain

What is the dosage of an epi-pen?
0.3mg for adults
0.15mg for pediatric

What must be given in addition when an epi-pen is administered?
Oxygen

aerobic metabolism The cellular process in which oxygen is used to metabolize glucose, producing energy in an efficient manner with minimal waste products anaerobic metabolism The cellular process in which glucose is metabolized into energy without oxygen, producing energy in …

airway the passageway by which air enters or leaves the body. bronchoconstriction the contraction of smooth muscle the lines the bronchial passages that results in a decreased internal diameter of the airway and increased resistance to air flow WE WILL …

authorized by a medical director to give medications and provide emergency care. The transfer of such authorization is an extension of the Medical Director’s license to practice medicine. Designated Agent description of medical techniques or practices that are supported by …

primary assessment the portion of patient assessment that focuses only on life threats, specifically ABCs 2 terms that primary assessment are also known as primary survey and initial assessment WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY …

Oxygen Names: oxygen, O₂ oxygen dosage: 1-6lpm NC, 10-15 NRB, 15lpm BVM WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample Oxygen route: inhalation Oxygen effects: improves O₂ saturation Oxygen …

1) Oxygen 2) Oral Glucose 3) Activated Charcoal 4) Aspirin What are the 4 medications carried on the EMS Unit? chemical name describes the drug’s chemical structure WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU …

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