ATI Practice Exam Pharmacology The Immune System

When caring for a patient who is receiving vincristine to treat lung cancer, the health care professional should monitor for which of the following findings that indicates an adverse effect?
Weak hand grasps

A health care professional is about to administer enfuvirtide (Fuzeon) to a patient. The health care professional should perform which of the following actions? (Select all that apply)
1. Administer the drug subcutaneously
2. Roll the vial gently to reconstitute the solution
3. Inject the solution at room temperature

A health care professional should understand that raltegravir (Isentress) treats patients who have which of the following?
Resistant HIV disease

While assessing a patient who is receiving interferon alfa-2a (Roferon-A) to treat Kaposi’s sarcoma, the health care professional should check for which of the following possible indications of an adverse reaction?
Fever

A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin intathecal cytarabine (DepoCyt) therapy to treat meningeal leukemia. The health care professional should explain that the patient should also receive which of the following drugs to reduce the risk of neurotoxicty?
Dexamethasone

A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin receiving cisplatin to treat testicular cancer. The health care professional should tell the patient to report which of the following adverse effects? (Select all that apply)
1. Paresthesias
2. Sore throat
3. Flank pain
4. Tinnitus

A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin delavirdine (Rescriptor) therapy to treat HIV-1. The health care professional should tell the patient to report which of the following adverse reactions to the drug?
Rash

A health care professional is caring for a patient who is receiving IV carmustine (BiCNU) to treat multiple myeloma. The health care professional should recognize that the patient is at the greatest risk for infection for which of the following lengths of time after the infusion?
4 to 6 weeks

A health care professional is assessing a patient following a trastuzumab (Herceptin) infusion to treat metastatic breast cancer. Which of the following findings indicates an adverse reaction to the drug? (Select all that apply)
1. Wheezing
2. Dysrhythmias
3. Hypotension
4. Fever

A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin taking mercaptopurine (Purinethol) to treat leukemia. Which of the following instructions should the health care professional include when talking with the patient about the drug? (Select all that apply)
1. Use contraception is pregnancy is a risk
2. Perform oral hygiene frequency
3. Perform hand hygiene frequently
4. Avoid activities that can cause injury

A health care professional should question the use of anastrozole (Arimidex) for a patient who is
Premenopausal

When talking to a patient who is about to begin vincristine therapy to threat lymphoma, the health care professional should include which of the following instructions?
Increase fiber intake

When caring for a patient who is taking flutamide to treat prostate cancer, the health care professional should monitor the patient for which of the following adverse effects of the drug?
Gynecomastia

A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin maraviroc (Selzentry) therapy. The health care professional should tell the patient to report which of the following adverse effects of the drug? (Select all that apply)
1. Paresthesias
2. Cough
3. Jaundice
4. Fever

A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to start ritonavir (Norvir) and zidovudine (Retrovir) therapy to treat HIV-1. The health care professional should explain that the patient will receive ritonavir along with at least one reverse transcriptase inhibitor to
Prevent drug resistance

A health care professional is about to administer IV paclitaxel (Taxol) to a patient who has ovarian cancer. Which of the following actions should the health care professional take? (Select all that apply)
1. Give the patient an antihistamine
2. Administer the drug through non-PVC tubing
3. Use an in-line filter

A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin topotecan (Hycamtin) therapy to treat resistant, small-cell lung cancer. The health care professional should caution the patient about taking which of the following types of over-the-counter drugs while receiving the therapy?
Ibuprofen (Advil)

A health care professional should question the use of maraviroc (Selzentry) for a patient who has which of the following?
Non-chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5)-tropic HIV-1

A health care professional should question the use of cyclophosphamide for a patient who has which of the following?
Dehydration

When talking with a patient who is about to begin methotrexate (Trexall) therapy to treat non-Hodgkin lymphoma, the health care professional should include which of the following instructions?
Use a soft-bristled toothbrush

A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin taking imatinib (Gleevec) to treat chronic myeloid leukemia. Which of the following instructions should the health care professional include when talking to the patient about taking the drug? (Select all that apply)
1. Clean fruits and vegetables thoroughly
2. Weigh yourself daily
3. Perform hand hygiene frequently
4. Avoid herbal supplements

A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin taking tamoxifen (Soltamox) to treat breast cancer. The health care professional should recognize the need for cautious use of the drug if the patient also has which of the following?
Cataracts

When considering drug therapy options for a patient who has metastatic breast cancer that is positive for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), the health care professional should choose which of the following drugs?
Trastuzumab (Herceptin)

Unless there are any specific contraindications, which of the following immunizations should adults receive once each year?
Influenza

A health care professional should understand that efuvirtide (Fuzeon) is an appropriate choice for patients who have which of the following?
Advanced HIV disease

A health care professional should question the use of misoprostol (Cytotec) for a patient who has which of the following? A positive pregnancy test A health care professional is about to administer ondansetron (Zofran) to a patient who is receiving …

Digoxin (Lanoxin) a healthcare professional should question the use of metoclopramide (reglan) for a patient who is taking which of the following drugs? Ketoconazole a health care professional is reviewing the medical recod of a patiet who is to begin …

Edema A healthcare professional is caring for a patient who has mild hemophilia A and is about to begin taking desmopressin DDAVP to prevent bleeding the healthcare professional should monitor for which of the following adverse reactions? Aminocaproic acid (Amicar) …

Types of Cancer – Carcinomas: epithelial tissue: skin and mucous membranes that line lungs and GI tract – Sarcomas: connective tissue: muscle, bone, cartilage – Leukemias: blood-forming tissue: bone marrow – Lymphomas: immune system Reproductive Cycle of a Cell G1: …

A health care professional obtaining a patient’s health history discovers that the patient is taking loratadine (Claritin), an over the counter drug. Which of the following information about over the counter drugs is correct? (select all that apply) They do …

When talking with a patient who is about to begin exenatide (Byetta) therapy to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus, the health care professional should include which of the following instructions? (Select all that apply) Inject the drug subcutaneously Expect the …

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