dehydartion
A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin receiving acyclovir (Zovirax) IV to treat a viral infection. The health care professional should recognize that cautious use of the drug is essential if the patient also has which of the following?

•Use additional contraception.
A health care professional is caring for a patient who takes an oral contraceptive and is about to begin rifampin (Rifandin) therapy to treat tuberculosis. The health care professional should include which of the following instructions?

•Renal impairment
A primary care provider should prescribe a lower dose of aztreonam (Azactam) for a patient who has a respiratory tract infection and also has which of the following?

BUN
A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin taking acyclovir (Zovirax) to treat a herpes simplex infection. The health care professional should monitor which of the following laboratory values for the patient?

•Cough
A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin taking nitrofurantoin (Macrodantin) to treat a urinary tract infection. The health care professional should tell the patient to report which of the following adverse effects of the drug?

maintain adequate fluid
A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin taking acyclovir (Zovirax) to treat a herpes simplex infection. The health care professional should teach the patient the following?

increase fluid intake
take with food
A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin taking nitrofurantoin (Macrodantin) to treat a urinary tract infection. Which of the following teaching the health care professional includes?

Wear sunglasses outdoors
Avoid driving is correct
Take the drug with food
A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin taking chloroquine (Aralen) to prevent malaria. When talking with the patient about taking the drug, the health care professional should include which of the following instructions? (Select all that apply.)

take before leaving the country
during the visit
after leaving the country
A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin taking chloroquine (Aralen) so they can travel abroad. When talking with the patient about taking the drug, the health care professional should include to which of the following instructions?

suprainfection
candida albican – yeast infection
vaginitis
A patient who is taking imipenem (Primaxin) to treat a bacterial infection contacts the health care professional to report an inability to eat because of mouth pain. Recognizing the adverse effects of amoxicillin , the health care professional should suspect which of the following?

antibacterial resistance develops because mutant bacteria survive.
A patient who is taking amoxicillin (amoxil) to treat a bacterial infection.. Recognizing the importance of finishing the amoxicillin , the health care professional should include which of the following teaching?

nausea/ vomiting/ diarrhea
nephrotoxicity
increased bleeding
A primary care provider should prescribe a lower dose of Cefriaxone (Rocephin) for a patient who has a respiratory tract infection which of the side effects should be monitored by the nurse?

•Erythromycin
Which of the following drugs should a provider prescribe for a patient who has streptococcal pharyngitis and is allergic to penicillin?

Take an antacid at least 2 hr after taking the drug.
A patient who is taking ciprofloxacin (Cipro) to treat a respiratory tract infection contacts the health care professional to report dyspepsia ( heart burn) The health care professional should recommend which of the following instructions?

monitor blood glucose
avoid caffeinated products
A patient who is taking levofloxacin (levaquin) to treat a respiratory tract infection contacts .The health care professional should teach which of the following instructions?

jaundice
numbness of the finger
dizziness
A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin taking isoniazid (INH) to treat tuberculosis. The health care professional should tell the patient to report which of the following adverse effects of the drug? (Select all that apply.)

alcohol
antacid
A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin taking isoniazid (INH) to treat tuberculosis. The health care professional should teach which of the following instructions about the drug interactions?

nephrotoxicity
ototoxicity
A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to receive gentamicin to treat a systemic infection. Which of the following adverse effect health care professional should monitor?

decreased urine output
A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to receive gentamicin to treat a systemic infection. Which of the finding has the highest priority for the health care professional when assessing a patient ?

•Vancomycin (Vancocin
A primary care provider is prescribing drug therapy for a patient whose sputum culture results indicate methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Which of the following drugs should be administered?

decrease urine output
A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin gentamicin therapy to treat an infection. The health care professional should monitor the patient for which of the following?

Cardiac dysrhythmias
When administering erythromycin to a patient who has pneumococcal pneumonia, the health care professional should monitor for which of the following adverse effects of the drug?

•Pseudomembranous enterocolitis
A patient who is taking tetracycline orally to treat a chlamydia infection contacts the health care professional to report severe blood-tinged diarrhea. Recognizing the adverse effects of tetracycline, the health care professional should suspect which of the following?

grapefruit juice
CYP34A
When administering erythromycin to a patient who has pneumococcal pneumonia, the health care professional should teach the patient the interaction for which of the following?

Cefotetan
Metronidazole (Flagyl)
A primary care provider is considering the various pharmacologic options for a patient who has a gynecologic infection and a history of alcohol use disorder. Which of the following medications can cause a reaction similar to disulfiram (Antabuse) if the patient drinks alcohol while taking it? (Select all that apply.)

Stop the cefotetan infusion.
While administering IV cefotetan to a patient to treat bacterial meningitis, the health care professional finds the IV insertion site warm and reddened. Which of the following actions should the health care professional take?

Furosemide (Lasix)

High-ceiling diuretic and can increase the risk of hearing loss.

A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to receive gentamicin to treat a systemic infection. The health care professional should question the use of the drug for a patient who is also taking which of the following drugs?

Gynecomastia (man boobs)
A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin taking ketoconazole to treat a fungal infection. The health care professional should tell the patient to report which of the following adverse effects of the drug?

Creatinine

It is excreted by the kidneys and patients having a reduced renal sufficiency should receive a reduced dose of the drug or given a drug that does not affect renal function.

A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin taking cephalexin (Keflex) to treat bacterial meningitis. The health care professional should explain to the patient the need to monitor which of the following laboratory tests.

Call emergency services immediately.

Amoxicillin can cause a severe anaphylatic reaction.

A patient is taking amoxicillin (amoxil) to treat a respiratory infection and reports rash and wheezing. Which of the following instructions should the health care professional provide?

Swish the suspension in the mouth before swallowing it.

This should be done for at least 2 minutes and then swallow it, to allow the drug to coat the inside of the mouth, where it exerts its therapeutic effect against Candida albicans lesions.

A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin using nystatin (Mycostatin) to treat oral candida albicans that resulted from tetracycline therapy. Which of the following instructions should the health care professional include about using the antifungal preparation?

Tendon Pain

Can cause an Achilles tendon to rupture, especially in patients who take gluccocorticoids or in older adults.

A health care professional is caring for a patient who is taking ciprofloxacin (cipro) to treat urinary tract infection and has rheumatoid arthritis, for which he takes prednisolone (prelone). Recognizing the adverse effects of ciprofloxacin, the health care professional should tell the patient to report which of the following?

Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
A health care professional is preparing to administer amphotericin B IV to a patient who has a systemic fungal infection. Which of the following drugs should the health care professional administer prior to the infusion to prevent or minimize adverse reactions during amphotericin B administration? (Select all that apply.)

Bleeding
A health care professional is caring for a patient who is taking warfarin (coumadin) and is about to begin taking trimethoprim/sulfamethoxaole (Bactrim) to treat a urinary tract infection. The health care professional should question the drug regimen because taking these two drugs concurrently can increase the patient’s risk for which of the following?

Seizure Disorder
A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin taking metronidazole (Flagyl) to treat an anaerobic intra-abdominal bacterial infection. The health care professional should recognize that cautious use of the drug is indicated if the patient also has which of the following?

A health care proffesional is caring for a patient who is about to begin taking INH to treat tb. The health care professional should tell the patient to report which of the following adverse effects of the drug? Select all …

A primary care provider is considering the various pharmacologic options for a patient who has a gynecologic infection and a history of alcohol use disorder. Which of the following medications can cause a reaction similar to disulfiram (antabuse) if the …

A health care professional is caring for a patient who is about to begin taking isoniazid (INH) to treat tuberculosis. The health care professional should tell the patient to report which of the following adverse effects of the drug? (Select …

1. A primary care provider is considering the various pharmacologic options for a patient who has a gynecologic infection and a history of alcohol use disorder. Which of the following medications can cause a reaction similar to disulfiram (Antabuse) if …

A health care professional is caring for a patient who is opioid-dependent and is about to begin taking butorphanol (stadol). The health care professional should recognize the patient is at risk for developing a sundrome that causes which of the …

patient is about to begin gentamicin therapy to treat an infection. The health care professional should monitor for? urine output when administering erythomycin to a patient who has pneumococcal pneumonia the health care professional should monitor for which adverse effect …

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