AT214 Ch.16 revised

Following an injury or surgery, when should the rehabilitation process be initiated?
A. Immediately after
B. 24 hours later
C. 3 to 4 days later
D. When pain subsides

Decisions on how to progress an athlete through a rehabilitation program should be based on:
A. The healing process
B. The desire of the athlete
C. The strength of the musculature
D. The pressure from the coach

The athletic trainer should incorporate mobilization when:
A. The musculotendinous junction is tight
B. Movement is restricted by muscle contraction
C. Articular structures are tight
D. Accessory motion at the joint is normal

A method of promoting or hastening the recovery response of muscles through the use of diagonal or rotational patterns is characteristic of:
A. DeLorme’s progressive resistance exercises
B. Hydrotherapeutic exercises
C. Cybex II exercises
D. Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation exercises

In which technique does the athlete move through a complete range of motion against a maximal resistance in a smooth and rhythmic pattern?
A. Contract-relax
B. Hold-relax
C. Slow reversal
D. Rhythmic stabilization

Disuse of an extremity will result in all of the following EXCEPT:
A. Atrophy
B. Muscular contractures
C. Increased motor neuron discharge
D. Inflexibility

All of the following are joint mechanoreceptors EXCEPT:
A. Golgi tendon organs
B. Ruffini endings
C. Pacinian corpuscles
D. Free nerve endings

Increasing static strength and decreasing atrophy can best be accomplished by using what method of exercise?
A. Accommodating resistance
B. Isokinetic
C. Isotonic
D. Isometric

Maximum muscle loading at a fixed speed with accommodating resistance throughout the entire range of motion is characterized by what method of exercise?
A. Plyometric
B. Isokinetic
C. Isotonic
D. Isometric

Which of the following is not an indicator of being too aggressive with exercise?
A. Increased flexibility
B. Swelling
C. Spasm
D. Pain

Aquatic exercise uses the waters buoyancy and pressure and can be described as all of the following EXCEPT:
A. Assistive
B. Resistive
C. Supportive
D. Motive

A method of promoting the response of the neuromuscular mechanism through stimulation is called:
A. Isometric exercise
B. Isotonic exercise
C. PNF exercise
D. Isokinetic exercise

Mechanoreceptors are located throughout the body in muscles, tendons, and joints to provide sensory awareness of:
A. The rate of movement at a joint
B. The pain in the joint
C. The position of a joint
D. The temperature of a joint

An exercise that involves weight bearing through an extremity is considered:
A. An open kinetic chain exercise
B. A closed kinetic chain exercise
C. Isometric
D. Isokinetic

In which phase of rehabilitation is rest and pain control most important?
A. Repair phase
B. Pre-surgical phase
C. Remodeling phase
D. Acute phase

If a muscle is immobilized in a shortened position, which of the following will occur?
A. Loss of contractile function
B. Enlargement of muscles
C. Immediately improved flexibility when immobilization is removed
D. Increase in muscle protein

What exercises are best to use when the immobilization is discontinued and you want to increase the mechanical properties of ligaments?
A. Low-frequency, short duration endurance exercises
B. Low-frequency, long duration endurance exercises
C. High-frequency, short duration endurance exercises
D. High-frequency, long duration endurance exercises

The ____ phase can last for several years and includes a series of functional progression activities.
A. Remodeling phase
B. Repair phase
C. Acute phase
D. Pre-surgical phase

Which of the following is an advantage of isotonic resistance?
A. Reduces expense of equipment
B. Works one primary muscle group at a time
C. Allows exercises to be performed in a straight plane
D. Can exercise at only slow velocities

Which of the following is NOT true of core stabilization training?
A. It assists in gaining neuromuscular control.
B. It should incorporate challenging single plane exercises
C. It should be started at the highest level the athlete can perform
D. It is designed to strengthen the lumbo-pelvic-hip complex

Which of the following grades is described as having large amplitude movements up to the limit in the range of motion?
A. Grade I
B. Grade II
C. Grade III
D. Grade IV

Which of the following is NOT considered a closed kinetic chain exercise?
A. Push ups
B. Squats
C. Press ups
D. Knee extension in sitting

Which of the following treatment techniques uses neurophysiological principles to relax overactive muscles and/or stretch chronically shortened muscles?
A. Mobilization techniques
B. Muscle energy techniques
C. Myofascial release
D. Strain/Counter strain

Which of the following techniques combines passive accessory joint mobilization with active physiological movement to correct positional faults?
A. Myofascial release
B. Mulligan technique
C. Strain/counterstrain
D. Active release

The athletic trainer makes the final decision as to whether an athlete should return to full competition.

All movements and exercises in a rehabilitation program must cause pain (“no pain, no gain”).

A long-term goal of any rehabilitation program is to return the athlete to participation as quickly and safely as possible.

Full range of motion of an affected body part must be re-established prior to an athlete returning to participation.

Rehabilitation of an athlete should center on only recovery of the affected part.

The primary goal of the advanced phase of exercise is to fully restore power, flexibility, endurance, speed, and agility of the injured part, as well as the entire body.

Because of buoyancy and hydrostatic pressure, submersion in a pool presents a versatile exercise environment that can be easily varied according to individual needs.

If rehabilitation is unsuccessful it is most commonly due to the fact that the athletic trainer designed a poor program.

Mobilization techniques are performed parallel to the treatment plane and traction is performed perpendicular to the treatment plane.

The greatest atrophy in an immobilized body part occurs in the type II (fast-twitch) fibers.

A muscle that is immobilized in a lengthened or neutral position tends to atrophy less.

A person with a high level of physical fitness will experience a gradual generalized loss of this fitness when exercise is suddenly stopped.

Proprioceptive and balance training must be incorporated into a rehabilitation program to help the athlete maintain postural stability.

Immobilization of joints causes loss of normal compression, which in turn leads to a decrease in lubrication that subsequently causes degeneration.

During progressive resistive exercise, the muscle must be trained eccentrically because of the need to decelerate limb motion especially during high velocity dynamic activities.

When the concave surface is stationary and the convex surface is moving, mobilization should be done in the same direction as bone movement.

In isokinetic exercise, fast-speed exercises produce greater negative effects on the joints than do slow-speed exercises.

Rhythmic stabilization uses an isometric contraction of the agonists, followed by an isometric contraction of the antagonist muscles.

Therapeutic exercise is the most widely used term for exercises used in a rehabilitation program.

The basic premise of the Mulligan Technique is to never cause pain with joint mobilizations.

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