Assisting in a Medical Emergency Study Guide for MDA Ch. 31

What is the best way to prevent an emergency?
Know your patient

What is the cause of most medical emergencies in the dental office?
Stress

Who is responsible for a patient’s safety in the dental office?
While the patient is in the dental office, the dentist is responsible for the patients safety

Who in the dental office would most likely be in charge of calling the emergency medical services?
Business assistant or front desk staff

Where should emergency phone numbers be kept?
Next to each telephone throughout the office

What minimum credentials must you have for emergency care standards as a dental team member?
Ability to assess and record vital signs accurately
CPR or Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
Heimlich maneuver also known as abdominal thrusts
Operation of the Defibrillator

What does the abbreviation CAB stand for in emergency care?
Chest compressions
Airway
Breathing

What is the proper ratio of chest compressions to breaths for an adult victim when doing CPR?
30 chest compressions to 2 ventilations

What is the most frequently used “drug” in a medical emergency?
Oxygen

What does the abbreviation AED stand for?
Automated External Defibrillator

What is the danger of ventricullar fibrilation?
You must administer emergent care withing the first 5 minutes of cardiac arrest

When patients tell you how they feel, what is the term for such a “feeling”?
Symptom

A patient who is unresponsive to sensory stimulation is in what state?
Unconsciousness

What is the medical term for fainting?
Syncope

What is the medical term for chest pain caused by the heart muscle being deprived of oxygen?
Angina

What is the medical term for a stroke?
Cerebrovascular Accident or CVA

A patient with asthma will usually carry what form of medication?
Inhaler that contains medication -bronchodilater- to relieve the first symptoms of an attack

What type of allergic reaction can be life-threatening?
Anaphylaxis

What condition results from an abnormal increase in blood glucose?
Hyperglycemia

What color coding is used for oxygen supplies in the dental office?
Green

What is the medical term used for fainting?
Syncope

What is another term used for cerebrovascular accident?
Stroke

Which of the following statements is a sign of a patient’s present condition during an emergency?
“I’m having trouble breathing”

What do most sudden cardiac arrest victims experience?
Ventricular fibrillation

Which of the following dental patient situations could lead to postural hypotension?
Pregnancy

Nitroglycerine is usually given in a dental setting for dealing with a
Angina attack

Glucose is usually given to a patient in an emergency situation in a dental setting for dealing with a
Diabetic insulin overdose

Whate does the tilt-lift method refer to in regards to CPR?
Tilting the head back and lifting the chin

Which of the following emergency situations can be immediately life threatening in a dental setting?
Anaphylaxis

Another name for acute myocardial infarction
Heart attack

Chest pains medicated with nitroglycerin
Angina

Another name for a cerebrovascular accident
Stroke

Treat by having the patient breathe into cupped hands
Hyperventilation

Disease in which the patient is not insulin dependent
Type II Diabetes mellitus

Disease in which the patient becomes insulin dependent
Type 1 Diabetes mellitus

Hypersensitivity that occurs in body tissues in response to specific antigens
Allergic reaction

This patient may feel dizzy or light-headed and may faint when in the supine position
The pregnant patient

Most severe and deadly allergic reaction treated with epinephrine
Anaphylaxis

This emergency commonly occurs when the patient assumes an upright position too quickly
Postural hypotension

Low blood pressue/high blood pressure
Hypotension/hypertention

What you observe in a patient, they are considered more reliable
Signs

Results from an abnormal increase in the glucose level in the blood
Hyperglycemia

Results from an abnormal decrease in the glucose level in the blood
Hypoglycemia

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