Art Appreciation Final

Wall paintings in tomb chambers tell us that Etruscan women held a ________ status than women in many other ancient cultures.

Which type of Greek vase painting was invented first?

Which organ was believed by the ancient Egyptians to be the organ of thought?

What purpose are kouros sculptures believed to have served?
grave markers

What do the lamassi, the human-headed winged lions that protected Ashurnasirpal II’s palace, represent?
the power & divinity of the Assyrian ruler

The Sumerians were a ________ society

Which Roman emperor aligned himself with both the pagan gods and with Christianity?

Mesopotamia means “the land between the rivers.” Which rivers does this phrase reference?
Tigris and Euphrates

Which two architectural orders are visible at the Parthenon?
Doric and Ionic

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of Roman sculpture?
elderly members of society depicted only rarely

What is the period that followed the end of the Western Roman Empire known as
middle ages

What is one major difference between Cimabue’s Virgin and Child Enthroned and Giotto’s painting of the same name?
Giotto creates a real space, Cimabue focuses on spirit space

Why do all mosques include a (a curved prayer niche built into the southern wall)?
it shows Muslims the direction of Mecca, toward which they prey

In which area(s) of a Byzantine church were women, such as Empress Theodora, allowed?

The Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem, is sacred to Jews, Muslims, and Christians, but for different reasons. Which of these religions believe it was the site where Adam was created and where Abraham was asked to sacrifice his son?
Jews and Christians

Which of the following is an example of a continuous narrative
Exodus and Crossing of the Red Sea, Dura Europos

Which of the following works of art is not considered “didactic
cross-carpet page from the Lindisfarne Gospels

Which religious group commonly used calligraphy in their art

Which of the following is an element of a royal portal

The visual appearance of Christ was similar to the appearance of pagan gods until which century?
5th century CE

For Sonoko Sasaki, what gives her textiles meaning?
when they are worn

Which religion refers to its temples as “cosmic mountains?”

Angkor Wat is the largest religious monument in the world. It is located in
Siem Reap, Cambodia

Whose life does the story depicted in The Hungry Tigress panel come from

What aspect of ukiyo-e printing style did nineteenth-century Impressionist artists adopt
slanted view points

What is religious pluralism?
the acceptance of beliefs from different religions and philosophies.

Which medium allowed Japanese artists to produce work for the popular market?
woodblock printmaking

What is true of the terra-cotta army of soldiers found in the tomb of the first emperor of China?
molds were used for body, figures were life-sized, unique features, 8000

The ________ made by ancient people living in the Americas gives us information about their lives, beliefs, and cultural practices.
art and architecture

The Mesoamerican artworks studied in this chapter include messages related to:
power, ritual, and kingship

In ancient Andean art we see:
Both mythological figures and believable depictions of human beings

What is a significant difference between the Mandan Robe with Battle Scene and the drawing Wo-Haw Between Two Worlds?
only Mandan Robe depicts more than one person

Inca structures were made with
stones stacked precisely without mortar

Basket-making is a long-standing tradition for California Indians. What are two of the most common methods of construction?
coiling and twining

As seen in the Bonampak mural and the page from the Codex Magliabechiano, what beliefs did the Maya and Aztecs have in common?
waging war, wearing regalia, human sacrifice, wanting to spill blood on temple

Although they often had diverse cultural practices, a shared ________ is reflected in the art created by people in the ancient Americas.
belief in human connection w/ nature

The Raimondi Stela is a
Chavín stone sculpture

The Great Mosque of Djenné and the Great Zimbabwe
both function as trade centers

Which color is used in both the Hawaiian feather cloak (Figure 3.5.13a) and moai ancestor figures from Easter Island?

Art from ________ has served as a way to communicate cultural beliefs, rules, and fables to outsiders and within the community.
Africa and the Pacific Islands

What is a key difference between designs used in traditional Maori tattooing and Australian aboriginal rock art?
Maori tattoos are abstract lines and shapes

Such artworks as the kente cloth and Kanaga mask:
would have been very different when worn

Because of the materials traditionally used to make African buildings, ________.
many of them no longer survive.

Why were the Abelam yam mask and cult house from Papua New Guinea made?
for farming festivals and ritual ceremonies

Some of the oldest art and artifacts in Africa were made up to ________ years ago.

Leonardo’s Last Supper and Raphael’s School of Athens have ________ in common.
a balanced composition

Which artwork was commissioned by Pope Clement VII?
The Last Judgment

Which biblical character was sculpted by the three artists Bernini, Donatello, and Michelangelo during the Renaissance and Baroque periods?

During the Renaissance and Baroque periods, patrons made many of the decisions about how an artwork would look. For example:
what would be depicted in a piece, what colors to use, what important aspects of the piece would look like, how big

Which of the following artists was part of the High Renaissance in Italy?

Which German artist created a woodcut rendition of the artwork The Last Supper, inspired by Leonardo da Vinci’s painting?
Albrecht Dürer

Which of the following are the cultures from the “Classical past” that Renaissance thinkers and artists admired?
Ancient Greece and Rome

This artistic style is characterized by exaggerated poses, proportions, and gestures:

What features of the Church of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane tell us that it is the work of a Baroque architect?
dramatic shadows, the oval space at the center of the plan, ornamental surfaces, curved walls

Where is the artist’s self-portrait located in The Arnolfini Portrait?
in the mirror’s reflection

Thomas LeClear’s artwork is a _________, but depicts an artist working in this medium: ________.
painting . . . photography

The nineteenth-century European art movement that was concerned with the power of the imagination and that greatly valued intense feelings is called:

Neoclassicism recalls subject matter and imagery from which culture(s)?
Ancient Greece and Rome

Balthasar Neumann’s Basilica of Vierzehnheiligen is an artwork that exemplifies:

Which artist shocked critics by creating a painting of poor workers on large-sized canvas?
Gustave Courbet

In the French Academy, which type of painting was considered to be the finest in the hierarchy of genres?
historical or mythological

Absolute monarchy means:
the ruler derives his or her authority from God

William Hogarth’s satirical prints were so popular that forged copies became rampant. Protecting his original works led to Hogarth’s Act, also called:
the Engraving Copyright Act of 1734

People of all ages were included in Eugène Delacroix’s Liberty Leading the People in order to:
show the sacrifice made by the entire community

The Swiss-Austrian artist Angelica Kauffmann was one of only how many female founding members of the British Royal Academy of the Arts?

Marcel Duchamp’s Bicycle Wheel was constructed using:
found objects

Late nineteenth-century painters who conveyed the sensations of the modern city and the effects of light are called:

In Gustav Klimt’s interpretation of the story of Judith decapitating Holofernes, his Judith appears in a typically Symbolist guise:
glamorous and seductive

The artist Vasily Kandinsky wanted to ________ in such artworks as Improvisation #30.
express inner spiritual qualities

Vincent van Gogh’s Starry Night was painted while the artist was
in an asylum

What common characteristics do artworks influenced by the movement of Cubism share?
they feature many abstract shapes

Expressionist artists tried to depict what they ________ rather than what they ________.

Artworks by painters in the US who chose representational styles and were influenced by the harsh realities of the Great Depression in 1929 came to be known as ________ paintings.
American Scene

The colors of Henri Matisse’s Joy of Life were intended to:
express emotions

This painting was praised by critics at the Salon of 1863 and purchased by Emperor Napoleon II of France for his personal collection.
Birth of Venus by Alexandre Cabanel

What was the first Modernist art movement to originate in the US rather than Europe?
Abstract Expressionism

What is the term used when an artist borrows objects, figures, or entire compositions from the work of other artists?

Contemporary artists assimilate approaches from all kinds of sources. Nathalie Djurberg contrasts the medium of ________, often used for children’s movies, with violent subject matter.
stop-motion animation

Which of the following artworks consider multiculturalism?
Jolene Rickard, Corn Blue Room
Romare Bearden, Three Folk Musicians
Xenobia Bailey, (Re)Possessed
Shirin Neshat, Rapture

Pop artist Roy Lichtenstein’s Girl With Mirror recalls the Post-Impressionist technique of:

If an artist was working without artistic training, creating paintings inspired by his or her dreams, we would call this person a ________, or outsider, artist.

Joseph Kosuth’s One and Three Chairs encourages the viewer to think about how we understand the world around us, through looking at the different ways we can experience the object we call a “chair.” This is an example of ________ art.

The Portland Pubic Services building in Portland, Oregon is an example of ________ architecture.

Dan Flavin’s decision to display commercially produced items (see Untitled, fig. 3.9.9) in an art gallery was intended to:
allow us to see the items in new ways

When comparing Ana Mendieta’s “Untitled,” from her Silueta series, with Pipilotti Rist’s Ever is Over All, an important difference between the two works is that ________.
only Ever is Over All is a video installation

Which of the following is not a characteristic of “community art”?
it tends to be very small, remote, and private

Gèlèdé rituals, performed by the Yoruba in Nigeria, celebrate:
women as mothers, spiritual well-being, the life-giving powers of women, female strength

Kryzsztof Wodiczko used his artwork Tijuana Projection to raise awareness about issues affecting a community of women working in ________ near the US/Mexico border.

A “man-made mountain” is another term for a

What common characteristic do the Sumerian bull lyre, Navajo sand painting, and Gèlèdé masquerade share?
we have to imagine important parts of their original presentation

Qin Shi Huangdi’s army of terracotta soldiers
was found in 1974

The word vomitoria, used to describe the entryways of the ancient Roman Colosseum, conveys the fact that:
throngs of people spilled from the building as they exited

What shared aspects of the caves at Lascaux and the catacombs in Rome indicate that these places were sacred to those who used them?
both sites feature paintings connected to the Christian religion

This chapter examines the different ways in which spirituality can be expressed in art. For example:
places with sacred resonance, references to spirits and ancestors, reflections of communication with the spirit world, depictions of specific deities

Figure 4.2.3 depicts episodes from the life of Buddha,
sculpted as separate scenes all on one block of sandstone

In African art, such as that of the Senufo people, spirit figures are often shown as:
abstract with exaggerated body parts

What shared theme connects the ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead, Giselbertus’s tympanum at the Cathedral of Saint-Lazare, and Vermeer’s Woman Holding a Balance?
Last Judgment

Artworks that show interaction between humans and deities ________.
none shown

Whether pagan, Christian, or Buddhist, artworks depicting deities are generally intended to _______
tell the stories of the key religious figures

How does the Hopi kachina doll relate to nature
it uses symbols that relate to nature

How do bis poles represent the cyclical nature of human life?
by showing the deceased individual along with ancestors

The process of making one of American artist Patrick Dougherty’s stickworks takes about ________, and the large-scale sculpture typically lasts for around ________.
2 weeks… 2years

Which of the following is true of “Julie, Den Haag, The Netherlands, February 29, 1994”?
the mother and baby are photographed shortly after birth

Artworks that engage with the theme of the cycle of life
examine the mysteries of life

The sculpture showing Shiva’s dance (Figure 4.3.11) indicates that he brings to life:
the cycle of death and rebirth

Gunther von Hagens, a German artist who combined anatomy and science, developed this art technique, which preserves bodies after death:

What scientific process can scholars use to view what lies beneath layers of paint on an artwork’s surface?

In Joseph Wright of Derby’s An Experiment on a Bird in the Air Pump, the bird is shown:
being deprived of oxygen

The Sun Stone made by the Aztecs (Figure 4.4.5) reveals how they used astronomical and mathematical knowledge to count ________.

What term did Salvador Dalí invent that describes the foundation for his paintings?

Which ancient Greek artist won a contest to create the most convincing painted illusion?

What term describes the optical trick of swelling columns at midpoint (in order for them not to appear hourglass-shaped at a distance), as used in the design of the Parthenon?

Contemporary artist Duane Hanson creates incredibly lifelike sculptures; all of them ________ the viewer.
direct their gaze away from

Audrey Flack’s painting Marilyn (Vanitas) contains the following reminders of the brevity of life:
fruit, clock, hourglass, burning candle

Chuck Close painted with ________ to create portraits of friends and family

Jacques-Louis David’s painting Napoleon Crossing the Alps depicts the French emperor:
heroically crossing the Alps

Artists can emphasize the importance of a ruler by portraying him or her:
in elaborate clothing, seated on a throne, larger than other figure, in the center of the composition

King Hammurabi of Babylon had his law code carved onto a stela for public viewing. His code has often been summarized as:
eye for an eye

The most deeply carved—therefore most important—element in the sunken relief of the Egyptian king Akhenaten, his queen Nefertiti, and their three daughters is:
the sun

Which of the following is NOT true of the colossal heads of the Olmec?
decorated the tomb

Night Attack on the Sanjo Palace gives us a strong sense of the weaponry favored by the Japanese samurai, including
lengthy bows and arching swords

Nick Ut’s Vietnamese Girl Kim Phuc Running after Napalm Attack can be interpreted as the artist’s disapproval of ________.
Vietnam War

Pablo Picasso’s Guernica, 1937, can be interpreted as:
the artist’s outrage against General Franco’s violence

The Bayeux Tapestry was embroidered by:

The Tula warrior columns tell us that the ancient Mexican Toltec people were
in frequent battles

Eric Fischl’s Falling Woman deals with the subject of:

Théodore Géricault’s Raft of the Medusa focuses on
survivors at sea

Adolf Hitler took a strong stance against modern art that he believe did not conform to Nazi party goals. His actions included:
confiscating art from museums, closing art schools, burning books,
ridiculing what he called “Degenerate artworks”

Chris Jordans’ “Gyre” is made from:
plastic collected from the Pacific Ocean

In 1914, Diego Velázquez’s The Toilet of Venus (Rokeby Venus) was

French artist JR draws attention to poverty in different countries around the world by displaying his photographs
on the side of dilapidated buildings in poor neighborhoods

Dorothea Lange’s Migrant Mother is a well-known symbol for the plight of:

What did the use of a canon of proportions allow ancient Egyptian artists to do?
make artworks that did not change much over time

What aspects of the individuals are emphasized in the Ife head (possibly a king) and Kaigetsudo Dohan’s Beautiful Woman?
the ability to sing, dance, and serve tea

On which of the following formal elements does Henri Matisse concentrate in Blue Nude II?
the color blue

How do the Woman from Willendorf and Willem de Kooning’s Woman I convey the power of women?
using abstraction to suggest general ideas of powerful women

Which artist distorted and manipulated her body to an extreme degree using plastic surgery?

Artists Jenny Saville and ORLAN both concentrate on ________ in their self-portraits.
distortion and manipulation of the way they look

The sculpture of the Sphinx of Hatshepsut depicts:
a female depicted as a male king

There are no artworks that consciously counter stereotypical representations by showing men as vulnerable and women as powerful.

Spike Lee’s movie Do the Right Thing focuses on:
race relations between Italian-Americans and African-Americans

In the twentieth century, personal identity became a central issue for artists. Such groups as ________, who had previously been excluded from mainstream culture, began celebrating their differences.
women, ethnic minorities homos, transgenders

How did the Feminist artists Judy Chicago and the Guerrilla Girls expand the opportunities and subject matter of art to include women and issues relevant to them?
by bringing attention to women who had been left out of the history of art

Self-portraits by Vincent van Gogh and Frida Kahlo express which of the following?
what the artists looked like and experienced on a personal level

Cindy Sherman’s “Untitled Film Still #35” was intended to comment on the ________
limited roles available to women in the 1950s

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