Apush Unit 10

Sheppard-Towner ACt of 1921
Welfare program and provided prenatal health care for women

5 Power Treaty
Limit warships built in US, GB, Japan, France and ITaly.
Loophole: No restriction if not technically to the weight of a warship

4 Power Treaty
US, GB, Japan, France.. Have respect for everyones Pacific possessions. “You leave us alone we will leave you alone”

9 Power Treaty
Formal open door policy for China. Extension of John Hays “spheres of Influence”

Revenue Act of 1921
Wealthy done have to pay as high taxes as they were, makes top tax level lower which results in the tax burden falling on the less wealthy.

Fordney-McCumber Tariff of 1922
Protective tariff on foreign imports, protecting big businesses, tariff decreases competition.

World War Adjusted Compensation Act of 1924
WWI veterans get compensation, one dollar a day for every day served, paid over a 20 year period. Trying to settle massive war debt

Volstead Act of 1919
enforces prohibition, repealed in 1933

Bureau of Immigration (1906)
Keeps all immigration statistics from all countries (US is 18 million from 1890-1917)

Emergency Quota ACt (1921)
Only 3% of a nationality can enter the US in 1910 (small amount, before WWI)

Immigration Act of 1924 (Johnson-Reed Act)
2% of 1890 quota (eliminates Japs)

Immigration Act of 1929
Further limits immigration

Kellog-Briand Pact of 1928
(use your words not your fists!) 15 nations dedicated to outlawing aggression and was as tools of foreign policy. 62 nations signed. Problem: no means of actual enforcement and gave americans a false sense of security

Agricultural Marketing Act (1929)
Notion of Sub-Treasuries

Hawley-Smoot Tariff of 1930
Attempt to keep money in the US, it was a bad idea. Highest trade barrier, a reciprocal tariff because as a result others will put high trade barriers on the US

Reconstruction Finance Corporation of 1932
Goes to the Industries, not the people

Reliefe and Construction Act of 1932
Expands RFC activity to give money to states and cities, but not enough

Federal Home Loan Banks (1932)
Nobody can afford a house even though this sets low interest rates

Emergency Banking Relief Act of 1933
Closed every bank in the US, Purpose was to stop people from taking money away from the banks, wont let banks open unless they can prove solvency. Becomes punishable by law to hoard or export gold

Federal Emergency Relief Act (1933)
Harry Hopkins set aside 5 million to give directly to the people, not the “trickle down” notion. For every $3 a state relief to a citizen, the federal gov would give the state a dollar.

Civilian Conservation Corps (1933)
Provided a quarter of a million jobs (conservation, flood job, state parks), creating jobs, most members lived in the CCC camps.

Agricultural Adjustment act (1933)
Gave subsidies to farmers to not produce as must (they dont want a surplus). Overproduction = drop in value and prices. Would also decrease land amount

Tennessee Valley Authority (1933)
Privately owned hydroelectic power plant that was taken over by the gov that they could use to provide cheap electricity to locals. Built power plants on rivers to convert electricity, going to private utility companies, showed how government planning can be successful at a regional level

National Industrial Recovery Act (1933)
Suspended anti trust laws, balance interests between labor and business. National Recovery Administration: helping government entities. Public Works Administration: Similar to CCC, gave more power to the Federal Gov, not states

Federal Securities act (1933)
Securities and Exchange Commission (watchdog) Requires federal government to approve all stocks and bonds

Home Owners Refinancing Act

Glass-Steagall Act
separates commercial banks from investment banks.

Federal Deposit Insurance Corp
when you deposit money, its insured.

Civil Works Administration
Makes work act (snow shoveling, leaf raking)

Gold Reserve Act
Removes gold from circulation, creates more paper money circulation.

Communications Act
Federal Communications commission: monitors telephone and telegraph lines

Emergency Appropriation Act of 1935
Roosevelt and Hopkins, can employ millions.
Works Progress Administration: provides work for public facilities
Resettlement Administration: Improve the conditions of farms and resettle farmers
Pural Electrification ACt: Extension of TVA, extended to rural areas

National Labor Relations Act of 1935
Created the NLR Board: Guaranteed union rights, defined what was unfair. Gave labors some say. Mediate whats fair and not.

Social Security ACt of 1935
Provided welfare to those who struggle, peak was in the baby boom

National Housing Act (1937)
gave long term loans to people trying to fix slums

Wealth Tax Act
Increased wealth tax rate

Judiciary Reorganization Bill 1937
adds judges at all levels, retirement at 70 -> if they done retire, additions will be added up to 6 total. “packing the court”

Judicial Procedure Reform Act (1937)

Supreme Court retirement Act (1937)
Retire at 70 with full pay, 10 year stay

Indian Reorganization Act (1934)
Reversed Dowes Severalty Act

Second Agricultural Adjustment Act (1938)
Creates the Federal Crop Insurance Cooperation (FCIC) (self explanatory)

Fair Labor Standards (Wages and Hour) act of 1938
Sets minimum wage and length of the work week. 1st set minimum wage= 40 cents with a 44 hour work week.

Causes of the Great Depression ♦Uneven distribution of wealth ♦Stock market speculation “buying on the margin” ♦Excessive use of credit ♦Overproduction on consumer goods ♦Weak farm economy ♦Government policies ♦Global economic policies Black Tuesday ♦Stock market crash (Oct. 29, 1929) …

Election of 1932 Hoover vs. FDR 1932 Election: Hoover very little support (rich, volunteerism supporters) balanced budget high tariffs on foreign goods repeal Prohibition – states’ rights (opposite of what he said in 1928) against “drastic” measures WE WILL WRITE …

solemn referendum Wilson’s belief that the presidential election of 1920 should constitute a direct popular vote on the League of Nations Warren G. Harding Republican candidate in the Election of 1920 and wins. He did not want America to join …

John Nance Garner FDR’s vice president: a loud mouth drinker. “It’s noon somewhere” and “The vice presidency isn’t worth a bucket of warm piss” France Perkins FDR’s secretary of labor; First woman in a presiden’ts cabinet WE WILL WRITE A …

Election of 1928 Al Smith – Dem Herbert Hoover – Rep Hoover victorious because he was Rep (2 previous Pres. were Rep) Maintain prosperity Farming Crisis Over production Shows hard times on horizon WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE …

Federal Emergency Relief Act/Admin [FERA] FIRST New Deal; RELIEF. Money to states for direct payments or wages on work projects, direct aid to unemployed, public works. Civil Works Administration [CWA] FIRST New Deal; RELIEF. Provided temporary jobs during the winter …

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