APUSH New Deal Acts and Programs

Federal Emergency Relief Act/Admin [FERA]
FIRST New Deal; RELIEF.
Money to states for direct payments or wages on work projects, direct aid to unemployed, public works.

Civil Works Administration [CWA]
FIRST New Deal; RELIEF.
Provided temporary jobs during the winter – “boondoggling,” trivial tasks.

Tennessee Valley Authority Act [TVA]
FIRST New Deal; REFORM.
Navigation, flood control, electricity, and economic development in the TV; first public competition with private power companies.

Home Owners’ Loan Corporation [HOLC]
FIRST New Deal; RELIEF.
Stabilize real estate and refinance urban mortgage debt.

Civilian Conservation Corps [CCC]
FIRST New Deal; RELIEF.
Part of Unemployment Relief Act; employed 3 million men in government camps. (FDR’s fave!)

Public Works Administration [PWA]
FIRST New Deal; RECOVERY.
Construction of public works to provide employment, welfare, and stabilize purchasing power; created Grand Coulee Dam, Triborough Bridge, etc.

National Recovery Administration [NRA]
FIRST New Deal; RECOVERY.
Designed to assist industry, labor, and the unemployed; individual industries had to work out codes of “fair competition,” and labor workers guaranteed the right to organize and bargain collectively.
*Declared UNCONSTITUTIONAL.

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation [FDIC]
FIRST New Deal; REFORM.
Part of Glass-Steagall Act; insured deposits up to $5,000, eliminated bank failure.

Agricultural Adjustment Act [AAA]
FIRST New Deal; RELIEF.
Gave money to farmers to meet their mortgages, education programs, paid farmers not to farm (to reduce the surplus).
*Declared UNCONSTITUTIONAL.

Second Agricultural Adjustment Act [AAA Jr.]
SECOND New Deal; RELIEF.
Continued conservation payments, gave farmers a better share of the national income.

Federal Housing Administration [FHA]
FIRST New Deal; RELIEF.
Stimulate the building industry through small loans to householders; improve housing standards; insure mortgages.

Securities Exchange Commission [SEC]
FIRST New Deal; REFORM.
Stock watchdog agency to restrict margin buying.

Works Progress Administration [WPA]
SECOND New Deal; RELIEF.
Employed millions in construction and other jobs; provided work in arts, theatre, and literature projects.

National Labor Relations Board [NLRB]
SECOND New Deal; REFORM.
Enforced the provisions of the Wagner Act.

National Youth Administration [NYA]
SECOND New Deal.
Part-time employment to more than 2 million college/high school students; headed by Mary McLeod Bethune.

Rural Electrification Commission [REC]
SECOND New Deal.
Encouraged farmers to join cooperatives to bring electricity to farms.

Social Security Act [SSA]
SECOND New Deal; REFORM.
Provided pensions, unemployment insurance, and aid to blind, deaf, disabled, and dependent children. (FDR’s direct response to critics.)

National Industrial Recovery Act [NIRA]
FIRST New Deal; RECOVERY.
Sought to bolster prices, created the NRA and PWA.

Farm Security Administration [FSA]
SECOND New Deal.
Loaned more than $1 million to farmers and set up camps for tenant farmers; replaced Resettlement Administration.

Glass-Steagall Banking Reform Act
FIRST New Deal; REFORM.
Established the FDIC to insure bank deposits and prevent bank failures.

Wagner Act (National Labor Relations Act)
SECOND New Deal; REFORM.
Legalized union practices (collective bargaining), outlawed spying on union activities and blacklisting, and created the NLRB.

Frazier-Lemke Farm Bankruptcy Act
SECOND New Deal; RELIEF.
Made possible suspension of mortgage foreclosures for five years.
*VOIDED by the Supreme Court.

Fair Labor Standards Act (Wages and Hours Bill)
SECOND New Deal; REFORM.
Banned child labor, established a minimum wage for all workers covered under the act.

Emergency Banking Relief Act
FIRST New Deal; RECOVERY.
Authorized the government to inspect the financial health of all banks.

Public Utility Holding Company Act
FIRST New Deal; REFORM.
Put an end to the supergrowth of corporations created by public utility holding companies, expect where “economically needful.”

Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act
SECOND New Deal; RELIEF.
Withdrew acreage from production by paying farmers to plant soil-conserving crops or to let their land lie fallow – emphasis on conservation. (Reaction to the SC when the declared the AAA unconstitutional.)

Indian Reorganization Act
FIRST New Deal; REFORM.
Ended the sale of tribal lands (begun under the Dawes Act) and helped restore some land to Indian owners; encouraged tribes to restore local tradition and self-government.

Causes of the Great Depression ♦Uneven distribution of wealth ♦Stock market speculation “buying on the margin” ♦Excessive use of credit ♦Overproduction on consumer goods ♦Weak farm economy ♦Government policies ♦Global economic policies Black Tuesday ♦Stock market crash (Oct. 29, 1929) …

1933 Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Provided jobs for single males on conservation projects 1933 Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA) Helped states to provide aid for the unemployed WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU …

Election of 1928 Al Smith – Dem Herbert Hoover – Rep Hoover victorious because he was Rep (2 previous Pres. were Rep) Maintain prosperity Farming Crisis Over production Shows hard times on horizon WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE …

Hundred Days Period in which the Congress an inconceivable large amount of legislation Glass-Steagall Banking Reform Act Act that provided for the FDIC (1933) WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE …

Election of 1932 The Republicans nominated Herbert Hoover to run for president in the election of 1932. The Democrats chose Franklin Delano Roosevelt. He had been born to a wealthy New York family and served as the governor of New …

Pros of Bank Holidays Fulfilled its purpose, restored citizens confidence in the American banking system Pros of AAA In theory, it would control supply and command of the agriculture industry by removing excess crops and storing them to drive up …

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