APUSH Chapter 26

The most striking characteristics of the stock market in 1929 was
investors’ obsession with speculation

By 1932, what percentage of American workers were unemployed?
25

The social and economic effects of the Depression
hit by the middle class especially hard

Hoover believed that efforts to relieve human suffering
should come from private charities

The Reconstruction Finance Corporation was designed to
loan money to financial institutions to prevent bankruptcies

Which of the following was NOT a program of the Herbert Hoover administration to ameliorate the Depression?
Agricultural Adjustment Act

Hoover’s response to the Depression could best be described as
restrained and cautious

Which of the following individuals was blamed by Americans for the Depression?
Herbert Hoover

In the presidential campaign of 1932, Hoover
was haunted by the public’s memory of the Bonus March

The Hundred Days was
the period immediately after Roosevelt’s first inauguration

Roosevelt’s Hundred Days banking legislation was designed to
support strong banks and eliminate the weaker ones

During the Hundred Days, Roosevelt did all of the following EXCEPT
propose government ownership of major industries

Franklin D. Roosevelt’s conduct between 1933 and 1935 could best be described as that of the
moderate reformer

The bonus army that came to Washington in 1932 was made up of
WWI veterans who lobbied Congress

The Tennessee Valley Authority was designed to
bring modernization and jobs to desolate areas of the upper and rural South.

The blue eagle was a symbol of the
NRA

The National Recovery Administration sought to promote economic recovery by
promoting cooperation between business and labor

The National Recovery Administration encountered each of the following problems EXCEPT
the appeal for patriotic public support fell on deaf ears

Labor issues in Roosevelt’s National Recovery Administration were addressed in
Section 7a

Which of the following New Deal programs did the Supreme Court declare unconstitutional?
National Recovery Administration

As secretary of agriculture, ______ was in charge of farm relief.
Henry A. Wallace

Franklin D. Roosevelt and his advisers believed that to restore purchasing power farmers, production should be
cut

Under the Agricultural Adjustment Act, the federal government paid subsidies to farmers who
reduced their crop production

Criticism of the Agricultural Adjustment Act included each of the following EXCEPT
contributing to the Dust Bowl conditions in the Great Plains

The Farm Security Administration was designed to
help tenant farmers and sharecroppers buy their own land

The Agricultural Adjustment Act
was found unconstitutional in 1936

The New Deal agency designed to assist sharecroppers in acquiring land of their own was the
Farm Security Administration

A short lived agency that employed 4 million people to build roads, schools, playgrounds, and athletic facilities was the
CWA

Young men were hired to clear land, plant trees , build bridges and fish ponds by the
CCC

Franklin D. Roosevelt’s initial New Deal legislation was surprisingly
conservative

Which New Deal agency was designed to help American artists?
WPA

Father Coughlin’s radio sermons
contained blatant anti-Semitic references

By 1935, Roosevelt’s severest critics were
demanding more radical reforms

Francis Townsend advocated that the federal government pay $200 each month to
all Americans over the age of 60

Huey Long advocated
sharing the wealth

_____ posed the most realistic threat to Roosevelt’s re election chances in 1936
Huey Long

Criticisms of the Social Security Act included each of the following EXCEPT
it would transfer over half the national income to less than 10 percent of the population

The Social Security Act of 1935
was a fundamentally conservative measure.

The National Labor Relations Act
granted workers the right to organize and collectively bargain

Each of the following is true of the Fair Labor Standards Act EXCEPT
organized labor gave it enthusiastic support

The industrial union movement of the 1930s
was led by John L. Lewis and the UMW

In 1935, John L. Lewis organized the
Congress of Industrial Organizations

The Congress of Industrial Organizations
promoted the organization of all workers, not just skilled labor, in a given industry.

The sit down strike
was first used against General Motors in 1936

The individual who was most responsible for promoting African American rights during the New Deal was
Harry Hopkins

After _______ , the WPA denied employment to aliens, a decision that greatly affected Mexican Americans.
1937

The individual who headed the Bureau of Indian Affairs during the New Deal was
John Collier

The first woman Cabinet member was
Frances Perkins

By 1935, the New Deal coalition included support from all the following EXCEPT
big business

Roosevelt’s “court packing” proposal
all of the above

In the second term, Roosevelt was stung by each of the following EXCEPT
the defeat of minimum wage and maximum hour legislation

Which act or organization barred commercial banks from becoming involved in the buying and selling of stocks? the Glass-Steagall Act The Social Security Act of 1935: included old-age pensions WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY …

Great Depression The period following the stock market crash that was the longest, most severe depression yet…it caused far more business failures and unemployment and affected more people. Black Tuesday (October 29, 1929) The day the stock market crashed!! WE …

Election of 1928 Al Smith – Dem Herbert Hoover – Rep Hoover victorious because he was Rep (2 previous Pres. were Rep) Maintain prosperity Farming Crisis Over production Shows hard times on horizon WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE …

Election of 1932 The Republicans nominated Herbert Hoover to run for president in the election of 1932. The Democrats chose Franklin Delano Roosevelt. He had been born to a wealthy New York family and served as the governor of New …

Which act or organization barred commercial banks from becoming involved in the buying and selling of stocks? the Glass-Steagall Act The Social Security Act of 1935: included old-age pensions WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY …

Great Depression the economic crisis beginning with the stock market crash in 1929 and continuing through the 1930s stock market an exchange where security trading is conducted by professional stockbrokers WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC …

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