APUSH Ch 7-9

The 11,000 men under George Washington’s command at Valley Forge formed the:
Continental Army

The experience of the Continental Army at Valley Forge:
gave the men strength through common bond and national sentiment

The Continental Army’s winter encampment of 1778, which came to symbolize the Patriots’ endurance and egalitarianism, was at:
Valley Forge

The Continental Army was important because it:
embodied the egalitarian and national aspects of the Revolution

The militias during the war for independence:
were unreliable and undisciplined in a time when war required cohesion

The women who traveled with armies were known as:
camp followers

During the War for Independence, women did all of the following EXCEPT:
be actively recruited and serve in the army

The Americans who did not support the Patriot cause and remained true to the British crown called themselves:
Loyalists

All of the following tended to be Loyalists EXCEPT:
people who were not conservative in their political values

The most infamous American supporter of the British cause was:
Benedict Arnold

The Loyalists:
suffered from a loss of rights and property

After arriving in New York City in July 1776, the British won at all of the following places EXCEPT:
Trenton

The battles in New York and New Jersey in the summer and fall of 1776:
convinced Washington that a defensive policy was the Patriots’ best hope

The Battle of Trenton surprised the German Hessians because of Washington’s attack on:
Christmas

Which of the following was the setting of the American victory in October 1777, that was significant because it relayed to Europe that the Americans had a chance of winning their Revolution?
Saratoga

The British plan in 1776 was to:
take advantage of Loyalist support in New York, cut off New England, and win by destroying the Patriot forces there

The biggest British defeat until Yorktown was at:
Saratoga

The reason the Battle of Saratoga was important was that it:
convinced France to enter the war because the Patriots had a chance to win

During 1777 and 1778, which of the following pairs of nations, traditional enemies of Great Britain, loaned the Americans money?
France and Spain

The French foreign minister who negotiated the Treaty of Alliance with Benjamin Franklin was:
Vergennes

The army of former slaves who fought for the British in the “Etheopean Corps” had been freed by:
Lord Dunmore

The British policy in the South:
was one not of conquest but pacification

After the American victory at Saratoga all of the following occurred EXCEPT:
Spain formally recognized the independence of the United States

During the Revolutionary War, African Americans:
fought for both the British and the Patriot armies

General Cornwallis sent General Charles O’Hara to surrender his army to Washington on October 19, 1781, at:
Yorktown

The first written constitution of the United States was the:
Articles of Confederation

The three-year delay in the ratification of the Articles of Confederation revealed:
how one state could stop action even if the twelve others agreed

The phrase developed during the Revolutionary War for things of little or no value was:
“Not worth a Continental”

The Newsburgh conspiracy to force Congress to meet the military’s demands for compensation in 1783:
ended after Washington denounced it

The legislation that provided for the organization and government of the territory north of the Ohio River was the:
Northwest Ordinance of 1787

The Northwest Ordinance of 1787:
provided for the survey and sale of western lands

The rejection by Congress of a proposal written by Jefferson allowed which of the following to be permitted in the West?
slavery

The first governor of the Northwest Territory was a developer, the president of the Ohio Company:
Arthur St. Clair

The label for the political position that argued for balanced government and opposed the king’s prerogative before 1776 and the tyranny of the majority after1776 was known as:
Whig

Of all the new state constitutions, one of the most democratic was that of:
Pennsylvania

The author of the Virginia Declaration of Rights of 1776 was:
George Mason

The Virginia Declaration of Rights of 1776:
began with the claim that all men have “inherent rights”

The most famous African American writer in the late eighteenth century was the poet:
Phyllis Wheatley

The correct chronological order of the following events is:
Lord Dunmore’s declaration issued, France enters the war, Articles of Confederation ratified, Treaty of Paris signed

The correct chronological order of the following events is:
Vermont abolishes slavery, Robert Morris become secretary of finance, Treaty of Fort Stanwix, Jefferson’s Bill for Establishing Religious Freedom passed

Shays’ Rebellion:
led conservative nationalists to insist on a stronger central government

As a result of the rebellion, Daniel Shays:
fled the state

In Shays’ Rebellion:
the crisis ended when militia shot and killed fifteen Shaysites in January 1787

The causes of Shays’ Rebellion included all of the following EXCEPT the:
feeling that property should be redistributed from the rich to the poor

The causes of the depression of the mid-1780s included all of the following eXCEPT:
the inability of the United States to trade with Britain

What was the name of the convention at which a resolution passed requesting that states send delegates to a later convention to develop a national constitution?
Annapolis Convention

Who is known as the “Father of the Constitution”?
James Madison

Those who advocated for and later attended the Philidelphia Convention of 1787:
violated the terms under which the convention was proposed

The delegates who met in Philadelphia in 1787:
belonged to a social elite that distrusted democracy

The majority of the delegates at the Philadelphia convention:
advocated a republic with checks on the people’s power

The Virginia Plan included all of the following points EXCEPT:
a chief executive elected by state legislators

The Great Compromise included all of the following agreements EXCEPT:
an immediate end to slave trade

On the issue of slavery, the Constitution in 1787:
effectively guaranteed the continued existence of slavery

The Anti-Federalists:
believed in Montesquieu’s argument that republics succeed only in small countries

The most likely opponents of the Constitution at the ratifying conventions were:
debtors and farmers in the interior

The Bill of Rights primarily protects:
the individual from the government and the majority

The Bill of Rights includes all of the following EXCEPT:
no state denial of equal protection of the law for any person

In 1788, which state was the linchpin in the Federalist campaign for the Constitution to be ratified?
Massachusetts

New York voted to ratify the Constitution following:
a threat by New York city that it would secede from the state if the Constitution wasn’t ratified

The United States Supreme Court under Chief Justice John Jay:
strengthened its own role establishing itself as the final authority on the law

Hamilton’s fiscal program of 1790 included all of the following EXCEPT having the federal government:
pay only the market value of securities held by Americans

Hamilton and Madison began to disagree politically over:
whether to divide the debt payment between the original holders of securities and the current holders

Hamilton’s fiscal program:
gave wealthy Americans an interest in the government’s success

The differences between Hamilton and Jefferson boil down to:
Hamilton’s fear that the government of the Constitutional Convention was in jeopardy

Washington’s cabinet all agreed that the United States should remain neutral in the war between France and Britain because:
the United States, as a neutral, could trade with both sides and reap huge profits

All of the following are true of the American foreign policy debate in the 1790s EXCEPT:
Jefferson wanted to declare the Franco-American treaty of 1779 in force

Washington issued a proclamation of neutrality in April 1793 because he:
feared that Ambassador Genet’s activities would bring war with Britain

The Intercourse Act of 1790 did all of the following EXCEPT:
stop the white traders from cheating Indians and offering shoddy goods

The fundamental problem leading to the Indian wars and the defeat of Harmar and St. Clair in 1790 an 1791 was the:
inability of the government to enforce the Intercourse Act

Following the end of the war for independence, the United States had trouble gaining control of the land granted to it under the Treaty of Paris because:
the Northwest Territory had been an area of hot dispute with the Indians

By retaining the northwest posts around the Great Lakes, the British hoped to continue the fur trade and:
establish an Indian zone, thus preventing American expansion

The suppression of the “Whiskey Rebellion” indicated all of the following EXCEPT:
the national government proved that the protestors had no legitimate complaint

As a result of the battle of Fallen Timbers:
the Indians ceded much of Ohio under the Treat of Greenville

Jay’s Treaty and Pinckney’s Treaty:
together allowed the United States to fully control the land to the Mississippi

Pinckney’s Treaty did all of the following EXCEPT:
ensure “most-favored-nation status” with Britain

In his Farewell Address, Washington:
argued for as little political connection to Europe as possible

Among the problems faced by the Spanish in maintaining their colonial empire were all of the following EXCEPT:
rebellions by Spanish slaves in Florida and San Antonio

Russian expansion into Alaska was characterized by all of the following EXCEPT:
epidemic diseases that destroyed a considerable portion of the Native Aleuts

In 1800, the most important urban centers in the United States included all of the following EXCEPT:
Cincinnati

The map of America in 1800 shows that:
the Spanish had secretly ceded Louisiana to France

All of the following would be considered subsistence farmers EXCEPT a(n):
South Carolina planter who raised rice and indigo

The French Revolution aided the American economy in all of the following ways EXCEPT by:
increasing the overseas market for American manufactured goods

Among the products imported into the United States form China were:
teas and silks

The “flower of American shipbuilding” was the:
clipper ship

Jefferson advocated a policy of national expansion for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:
only a large country would be able to amass military power and defend itself

Expansionism involved all of the following EXCEPT:
stable communities and a strong sense of the public good

Jefferson succeeded in reducing the cost of the federal government in part because:
most of the responsibilities and costs were at the state and local level

All of the following helped Jefferson achieve his goal of reducing the size of the government EXCEPT that he:
removed France from control of the Mississippi

The case of Marbury v. Madison was important because it:
established the principle of judicial review

Napoleon sold the Louisiana Territory to the United States partly because:
his army in Haiti had been defeated

Jefferson explained buying the Louisiana Territory by arguing that:
the land would ensure liberty and the existence of the republic

After 1803, New Orleans and the Lower Louisiana Territory continued to have a french flavor because:
Louisiana in 1808 adopted a legal code based on French civil law

The United States argued that its neutral rights were being violated by all of the following EXCEPT British:
boycotts of American products and ships

The Embargo Act was:
an extreme effort that hurt the Americans more than the Europeans

The economic measures used by Jefferson and Madison to try to stop Britain and France from interfering with United States neutral rights included all of the following EXCEPT:
the Boycott Act

Jefferson’s Indian policy was a:
well-intentioned but destructive offer to acculturate or remove the Indians

Tecumseh:
rejected treaties because all land belonged to all Indian peoples and no one could give away the common property of all

The battle of Tippecanoe:
made Wiliam Henry Harrison a hero to white Americans

The Indians reaction to the treaties negotiated by William Henry Harrison between 1801 and 1809 showed:
Harrison would use methods such as coercion and bribes to obtain land

Under the Articles of Confederation, Congress had the authority to do all of the following EXCEPT:
raise revenue from the citizens

The members of the American peace commission included:
John Adams, John Jay, and Benjamin Franklin

The ___ included the claims that sovreignty rests with the people, that governments the servant of the people,and that freedom of the press is one of the greatest defenses of liberty.
Virginia Declaration of Rights

One of the most accomplished mathematicians and astronomers of late eighteenth-century America was the African-American:
Benjamin Banneker

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