AP US History – Chapter 22

African Americans who served in World War I returned home to find…?
white violence

In what city was the prosperous Greenwood district burned down in racial riots in 1921?
Tulsa, Oklahoma

What contributed to the number of militant strikes that occurred during 1919?
postwar conditions changed

Why was Welfare Capitalism so popular in the 1920s?
Provided health insurance, pensions, paid vacations, athletic facilities hoping to build a loyal workforce and head off labor unrest

Characterizes the Red Scare of 1919-1921.
Panic over communism from Russia’s Bolshevik Revolution. Mail bombs were sent to government officials (General A. Mitchell Palmer).

Describe the proceedings against Sacco and Vanzetti.
Two Italian immigrants charged with murdering a guard and robbing a shoe factory in Braintree, Mass. Many believed they had been framed for the crime because of their pro-union activities.

Why did the newly organized Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) come under attack in the 1920s?
because it included socialist women in its ranks during the red scare

Describe women’s political participation during the 1920s.
they did not vote as a bloc because they had difficulty gaining access to positions inside the Republican and Democratic parties.

Harding campaigned on the platform of returning to “normalcy,” which meant…?
a strong pro-business stance and conservative cultural values.

As secretary of commerce under Warren Harding, Herbert Hoover believed what about the relationship between government and business?
cooperation would achieve what progressives had sought through governmental regulation

What major scandal in Harding’s administration was named after the national oil reserves it involved?
leasing of oil reserves to private companies (Teapot Dome scandal)

Name some of Calvin Coolidge’s political virtues at the time he became president 1923.
Limited government, isolationism, and tax cuts for businesses.

Explain the U.S. foreign policy during the 1920s.
Dollar Diplomacy – buying friends

During the 1920s, the U.S. military intervened in or occupied…?
Haiti

Explain Clarence Darrow’s role in the Scopes trial.
hired by the ACLU to defend John Scopes in his teaching of evolution

The rise of the Ku Klux Klan and the National Origins Act represented a resurgence of…?
white supremacist movements

How did the rejuvenated Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s differ from its Reconstruction-era form?
targeted Catholic and Jewish immigrants as well as African Americans.

Which movement championed black racial pride and cultural identity in the 1920s?
The Harlem Renaissance

Describe what the 1920s jazz came from.
The Harlem renaissance, a mixture of blues and ragtime

The Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) recommended that black Americans…?
move to Africa because people of African descent would never be treated justly in white-run countries.

What term did American writer Gertrude Stein use to describe Americans who had experienced World War I firsthand?
Lost Generation

Describe the American literary figures of the 1920s such as Ernest Hemingway and F. Scott Fitzgerald,basic philosophies.
belief that they were lost in a greedy, materialistic world that lacked moral values

Throughout the 1920s, the sector of the American economy in the worst shape was…?
Agriculture

Which sectors of American society saw the greatest amount of improvement in the 1920s?
Industrial output

A major weakness of the 1920s economy was the…?
overproduction

Which industry drove the creation of American consumer culture in the 1920s?
Automobile ?

The flapper, an icon of American culture, represented…?
the emancipated women on the 1920s

What was the outcome of the stock market crash of October 1929?
Industrial production fell 37%, construction fell 78%, by 1932 unemployment reached 34%.

How did American consumers respond to the economic situation in the early 1930s?
Americans cut back dramatically, creating a vicious cycle of falling demand and forfeited loans

How did the Great Depression affect women’s participation in the workforce in the early 1930s?
campaigns against hiring married women were common, but female employment ultimately increased.

Palmer Raids
A series of raids led by Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer on radical organizations that peaked in January 1920, when federal agents arrested six thousand citizens and aliens and denied them access to legal counsel.

dollar diplomacy
Policy emphasizing the connection between America’s economic and political interests overseas. Business would gain from diplomatic efforts in its behalf, while the strengthened American economic presence overseas would give added leverage to American diplomacy.

prohibition
The ban on the manufacture and sale of alcohol that went into effect in January 1920 with the Eighteenth Amendment.

consumer credit
New forms of borrowing, such as auto loans and installment plans, that flourished in the 1920s but helped trigger the Great Depression.

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