Ap Environmental

Strategic Petroleum reserve
An emergency supply of up to one billion barrels of oil that is stored in underground salt caverns along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico, as mandated by the U.S. Energy Policy and Conservation Act.

Fossil fuels
a nonrenewable energy resource that forms in the Earth’s crust for millions of years

Methane
a colorless odorless gas used as a fuel

bituminous coal
The most common form of coal; produces a high amount of heat and is used extensively by electric power plants.

anthracite
a hard natural coal that burns slowly and gives intense heat

surface mining
The extraction of mineral and energy resources near Earth’s surface by first removing the soil, subsoil, and overlying rock strata. cheaper, less hazerdous

spoil bank
A hill of loose rock created when the overburden from a new trench is put into the old (already excavated) trench during strip mining.

subsurface mining
The extraction of mineral and energy resources from deep underground deposits.

Surface mining control and reclamation act

acid mine drainage

dragline
In coal mining, huge shovel that takes enormous chunks out of a mountain to reach underground coal seams.

scrubbers
devices containing alkaline substances that precipitate out much of the sulfur dioxide from industrial plants.

Clean Air Act Amendment
directed the federal government to establish emission standards for new motor vehicles

continental shelves
Areas where continental surfaces extend under the shallow ocean water around the continents

Oil Pollution Act
passed by the United States Congress to prevent further oil spills from occurring in the United States. It was written and passed into law after the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill.

oil shale
a soft, fine-grained sedimentary rock from which oil and natural gas are obtained

Energy Policy Act
Authorizes the president to draw from the petroleum reserve as well as established a permanent home-heating oil reserve in the Northeast. Clarifies when the president can draw from these resources.

What are the categories of occupational lung disease? Pneumoconioses Occupational asthma Hypersensitivity pneumonitis Noxious gas and fumes Neoplastic disease (mainly bronchogenic carcinoma/malignant mesothelioma) What are the types of pneumoconioses? Asbestosis Silicosis Coal-workers’ pneumoconiosis Others WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY …

escribe the processes used to extract copper and gold from their ores using bacterial leaching. In each case, explain how the micro-organisms liberate the metal from its ores and describe how the metal is then extracted from the mixture. Bacterial Leaching …

Porosity Empty space in sedimentary rock in which water, oil, and natural gas are stored within Earth Permeability Capable of being permeated or passed through, used especially of substances where fluids can penetrate or pass through WE WILL WRITE A …

Whereas in developing countries, the concern is about insufficient water supply and water contamination, in the US, the concern is different, and ranges from a number of issues such as ensuring the quality of bottled drinking water, reducing the transmission …

Infiltration The process by which precipitation that has fallen on land trickles into the ground and becomes groundwater Zone of saturation The region below the earths surface in which groundwater completely fills ALL the pores of a material is called …

Pores Spaces between rock particles Groundwater The water that is beneath Earth’s surface WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample Aquifer A body of rock or sediment that …

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