American Red Cross Lifeguard Tests A

How can you best protect yourself from possible
bloodborne pathogen transmission when
providing care?
d. Use personal protective equipment (PPE),
such as disposable gloves and a breathing
barrier, when providing care.

A 12-year-old boy at a swim meet grabs his chest
and begins to make wheezing noises. After you
obtain consent to provide care, his mother informs
you that he has a history of asthma, but does not
have his inhaler nearby. What care should
you provide?
b. Summon more advanced medical personnel
and place the victim into a position that

While having a snack in the concession area, a
child suddenly clutches his throat with both hands.
You ask him if he is choking and he frantically nods
yes. You activate your facility’s emergency action
plan (EAP). You identify yourself as a lifeguard and
obtain consent from the parents. What should you
do next?
d. Stand or kneel behind the victim and give
5 back blows and 5 abdominal thrusts.

You and another lifeguard find an unconscious
adult on the floor in the locker room. You activate
your facility’s EAP, size-up the scene and perform
a primary assessment. You find the victim is not
moving or breathing, but has a pulse. You should
summon EMS personnel, then:
a. Give 1 rescue breath about every 5 seconds.

You come upon a scene where a patron appears to
be injured. Before approaching the victim, which of
the following will you not do as you size-up
the scene?
c. Begin the primary assessment.

When providing care during an emergency, which
of the following should you do first?
c. Size-up the scene.

As the first lifeguard on the scene, you are
performing CPR on an adult. When performing
chest compressions, how deeply should you
compress the chest?
d. At least 2 inches

CPR should be performed on which of the
following victims?
c. One who is in cardiac arrest

What is the first step of the Cardiac Chain
of Survival?
d. Early recognition and access to the emergency medical services (EMS) system

You are providing care to a victim having a heart
attack. Which of the following would you do first?
d. Summon EMS personnel.

Once you have turned on the automated external defibrillator (AED), you should:
a. Apply the pads and allow the AED to analyze
the heart rhythm.

To ensure effective chest compressions during
CPR, which of the following is most appropriate?
a. Allowing the chest to fully recoil
between compressions

You are performing CPR on a victim and a second
lifeguard arrives. Which of the following is most
appropriate for the second lifeguard to do first?
c. Check to see whether EMS personnel have
been called.

Which of the following is most essential to use
when giving ventilations to protect you and the
victim from disease transmission?
a. CPR breathing barriers

You are providing care to a facility maintenance
worker who has fallen off the top of a ladder. The
victim is conscious. Which of the following should
you do first?
c. Obtain consent from the victim to
provide care.

For which of the following should you summon
EMS personnel?
d. A victim with an open leg wound with the
bone protruding

You pull an unconscious adult from the water who is taking infrequent gasps. During the primary assessment you find that the victim has a pulse. What should you do next?
d. Give 2 initial ventilations.

If there is a risk of the AED pads touching each
other, such as with a small child or an infant, you should:
a. Place one pad in the middle of the chest and
the other on the back.

You have sized up the scene and determined
the scene is safe. When performing a primary
assessment, which of the following would you
do next?
a. Check for responsiveness

Which of the following statements about
bag-valve-mask resuscitators (BVMs) is
most accurate?
c. Two rescuers need to operate the BVM.

You are preparing to give ventilations to a
5-year-old boy using a resuscitation mask. You
should give 1 ventilation about every:
c. 3 seconds

When compressing a child’s chest during CPR, you
should compress at a rate of at least how many
compressions per minute?
b. 100

An AED has advised that a shock should be given.
Which of the following is appropriate?
d. Tell everyone to stand clear of the victim.

You are about to apply AED pads to a victim’s chest
when you notice that the victim has several body
piercings with jewelry on his chest. Which of the
following should you do?
a. Apply the pads to the chest, making sure to
avoid the jewelry.

The cycle of chest compressions and ventilations in
two-rescuer CPR for an infant is:
b. 15 chest compressions and 2 ventilations.

You are positioned above the child’s head and are using a resuscitation mask to give ventilations. After you position the mask, which of the following
should you do next?
d. Seal the mask.

You are providing care to a patron who started
choking on some food. The victim becomes
unconscious. Which of the following should you
do first?
b. Lower the victim carefully to the ground and
open his airway.

Where should you place your hands when giving
chest compressions to an infant during CPR?
c. One hand on the forehead and one hand on
the chest

When giving abdominal thrusts to an adult, where should you position your fist?
d. On the rib cage

When providing care to a conscious infant
who is choking, which of the following is
most appropriate?
Positioning the infant so the head is lower than
the chest

A person has been injured and is conscious.
You should:
b. Obtain consent, check the victim for
life-threatening conditions and speak with
the victim to find out what happened.

The purpose of the secondary assessment is to:
b. Identify and care for conditions that are not
life threatening.

An injured patron is conscious and bleeding
severely. After summoning EMS personnel,
obtaining consent and putting on disposable
gloves, what is your next care step?
d. Press firmly against the wound with a sterile
dressing and bandage.

A way to remember the questions to ask when
taking a brief history is to use the acronym
SAMPLE. What does the A in SAMPLE stand for?
c. Allergies

What is the first step you should take in caring for a victim with burns?
c. Remove the victim from the source of
the burn.

If a victim is having a seizure in the water:
d. Support the victim with his or her head above
water until the seizure ends.

During a swim meet, the bleachers behind your
guard station suddenly collapse. As you check
the scene, you notice several people who appear
injured. Who should you approach first?
b. A man who appears unconscious.

When caring for musculoskeletal injuries, what
does RICE stand for?
a. Rest, immobilize, cold, elevate

Signs and symptoms of sudden illness do
not include:
c. Bruising or rigidness of the abdomen.

A patron dives into the shallow end of the lap pool. You suspect she has a head, neck or spinal injury because she has:
c. Blood in the ears and nose.

When giving abdominal thrusts to an adult, where should you position your fist? In the middle of the abdomen, just above the navel. Which of the following findings would lead you to determine that an infant’s airway is open? The …

You are a member of the emergency response team for your hospital and are called to a code blue. You arrive to find one of your colleagues leading a resuscitation attempt to an elderly patient. You notice that the person …

CPR should be performed on which of the following victims? One who is in cardiac arrest What is the first step of the Cardiac Chain of Survival? Early recognition and access to the emergency medical services (EMS) system WE WILL …

Good Samaritan Laws: Protect you and the person you are helping Obtaining Consent: -You have to ask the person if they are fully conscience – If a child consent is implied – If with parent then you have to ask …

Which of the following would you identify as the universal sign that a conscious person is choking? Clutching the throat Coughing Inability to speak or cry Yelling out “I’m choking” Clutching the throat As you are giving ventilations with a …

Community Teaching Work Plan Proposal Directions: Develop an educational series proposal for your community using one of the following four topics: 1) Bioterrorism/Disaster 2) Environmental Issues 3) Primary Prevention/Health Promotion 4) Secondary Prevention/Screenings for a Vulnerable Population Planning Before Teaching: …

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