American History Unit Test 2

In order to acquire the right for the United States to build a canal across Panama in 1903, President Theodore Roosevelt
helped facilitate a Panamanian rebellion against Columbia and then negotiated a treaty to lease a strip of territory.

What was the initial reaction of most Americans to the outbreak of World War I in Europe?
They wanted to ensure that the United States could stay out of the conflict.

What was President Wilson’s first official response when war broke out in Europe in 1914?
He announced a declaration of neutrality and called on the nation to be neutral in thought as well as action.

In response to the sinking of the Lusitania, the United States
demanded that Germany cease unrestricted submarine warfare.

Which of the following was a new technique of warfare that was introduced in World War I?
air conflict

The Zimmermann telegram
proposed an alliance between Germany and Mexico in a war against the United States after which, Mexico would receive New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona.

Which of the following accurately describes Franz Ferdinand’s importance?
His assassination sparked World War I.

The Creel Committee on Public Information
used propaganda to spread the U.S. government’s official version of the war.

Which allied offensive in the fall 1918 helped end the war?
Meuse-Argonne offensive

The Fourteen Points were
Woodrow Wilson’s statement of American war aims.

In the 1920s, Babe Ruth was famous because
he hit 60 home runs in one year.

The teaching of this subject in public schools was the key issue in the Scopes Trial.
evolution.

What happened in the 1920s Teapot Dome Scandal?
Interior Secretary Albert Fall received bribes to lease naval oil reserves to two private companies.

What did Rudolph Valentino and Mary Pickford have in common?
They both became celebrities in the 1920s because of their acting in movies.

Which musical style epitomized the 1920s?
Jazz

Which of the following statements concerning the Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s is not true?
It showcased the talents of Paul Robeson and Chuck Barry.

What did the Sacco-Vanzetti case reveal?
the strong ethnic prejudices in the United States.

Who won the 1928 presidential election?
Herbert Hoover

Which of the following is not one of the reasons that Prohibition failed?
New pharmaceutical discoveries cured the problem of alcohol abuse in a simpler way.

In 1928 many Americans feared that if Al Smith were elected he would
answer to the pope.

What did the 1935 Social Security Act do?
It offered financial assistance for the elderly and the disabled.

What environmental disaster struck the nation during the Depression?
Dust Bowl

Who were the 1932 “bonus marchers”?
World War I veterans who marched on Washington to lobby for immediate cash payments of their veterans’ bonuses.

What did Eleanor Roosevelt see as her primary role as First Lady?
She wanted to serve as an observer for her husband and promote social reform.

Which of the following was not one of Roosevelt’s immediate responses to the banking crisis?
He nationalized the banks.

The Civilian Conservation Corps
employed jobless young men in rural projects such as reforestation, park maintenance, and erosion control.

Which New Deal initiative paid farmers subsidies to take acreage out of production?
Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933

What happened to Roosevelt’s “court-packing” plan?
He had to drop it but was nevertheless able to replace four members of the Supreme Court who died or retired.

Which New Deal legislation banned child labor, established a minimum wage, and set maximum hours for the work week?
Fair Labor Standards Act

The Scottsboro Boys were
African-American teenagers sentenced to death by an all-white jury on highly suspect rape charges.

In an effort to bolster American security and at the same time help England during the Battle of Britain, President Roosevelt concluded an agreement with Prime Minister Churchill that
transferred fifty overage American destroyers to Britain in exchange for leases on British air and naval bases in the Western Hemisphere.

The Manhattan Project was the
secret $2 billion project to develop an atomic bomb.

The United States government interned over 100,000 Japanese-Americans during World War II for all the following reasons except
FBI and military intelligence had uncovered a Japanese-American espionage network in California.

Although Japan’s sea and air power was totally shattered by the end of 1944, why didn’t the imperial government surrender to the United States?
Japanese military leaders insisted on fighting until the bitter end.

After what event did the Japanese government finally begin to discuss acceptance of surrender terms?
the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

Which of the following leaders is not match correctly with the right country?
Winston Churchill, France

How did the “Cash and Carry” Policy work?
It required nations at war in 1939 and 1940 to pay for U.S. goods in cash and to carry them in their own ships.

President Franklin Roosevelt encouraged the passage of the Lend-Lease Act because he wanted to
provide aid to Great Britain in its struggle with Germany

Which 1942 battle was a decisive victory for the United States in the Pacific theatre of World War II?
Battle of Midway

Which of the following factors was not a reason why President Harry Truman decided to use the atomic bomb in 1945?
He wanted to prove to the world that the United States hated the Japanese and wanted them to suffer because of their attack on Pearl Harbor.

In response to the 1948 Soviet blockade of West Berlin, the United States
used an airlift to re-supply West Berlin.

Why was Inchon significant to the Korean War?
General Douglas MacArthur launched a daring amphibious assault at Inchon that forced North Korea’s forces to retreat.

The Korean War was an example of all the following except
the triumph of military over political leadership.

In 1950, Joseph McCarthy argued that
there were communists working in the American government.

What was President Truman’s motive in adopting an active pro-civil-rights policy beginning in 1946?
all of these choices

Which of the following was accomplished during Truman’s presidency?
The armed forces were desegregated.

Between 1947 and 1951, what did the loyalty boards that were established to root out subversives in government service do?
They forced several thousand government employees to resign and led to the dismissal of almost six hundred on charges of disloyalty.

In the late 1940s and early 1950s, what did the House Un-American Activities Committee, Hollywood, and some thirty-nine state legislatures have in common?
They all contributed to the anticommunist hysteria of the period and tried to root out subversives in American society.

Who were the “Hollywood Ten”?
They were a group of prominent film directors and screenwriters who refused to say whether they had been members of the Communist Party.

In the “Eisenhower Doctrine,” Dwight Eisenhower declared the United States would send military aid and, if necessary, troops to help counter communist thrusts in
The Middle East.

What legacy did World War I leave behind? anger and resentment especially in Germany How did Stalin and Mussolini maintain their power? Stalin killed or terrorized his enemies, Mussolini used censorship and fear tactics to keep his people in line …

World War I erupted when an Austrian assassinated Archduke Francis Ferdinand. T/F false What event hastened the entrance of England into World War I? 1: the agreement of the Anglo-Japanese Alliance in 1902 2: the invasion of neutral Belgium by …

Prohibition in the U.S. led to: a) less corruption in politics b) the rise of organized crime c) increased membership in churches d) a more law-abiding nation e) increased tax revenues to the state and federal governments b The 1912 …

Which tariff, passed in 1930, raised rates to an all-time high, further deepening the worldwide depression? Smoot-Hawley Which of the following organizations did President Hoover create in 1931 to stimulate the economy through federal loans to major businesses in 1931 …

How did the Great Depression eventually change Germany politically? Germans eventually believed that Hitler would solve their economic problems Which of the following actions did Japan take in an attempt to recover from the Great Depression? Japan seized control of …

The disastrous effects of World War I and the Great Depression led to the rise of totalitarian regimes in some countries What policy did Great Britain, France, and the United States pursue against the new regimes in Germany, Italy, and …

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