American History Unit 7: German Surrender, Depression, Wilson’s Political

World War I erupted when an Austrian assassinated Archduke Francis Ferdinand. T/F
false

What event hastened the entrance of England into World War I?

1: the agreement of the Anglo-Japanese Alliance in 1902
2: the invasion of neutral Belgium by German troops
3: the assassination of the Archduke of Austria
4: the German sinking of neutral ships in the waters around England

2
Germany and Austria-Hungary were known as the _____ Powers.
Central

Prewar conflicts were over:

a. control of the Balkan States
b. North African colonies
c. Alsace-Lorraine
d. Italy joining the Triple Alliance
e. the freeing of Italians from Austrian rul

a b c e

Neutral nations included:

a. Switzerland
b. Spain
c. Lower Slobovia
d. Scandinavia
e. Holland
f. Serbia

a b d e

Why did Japan enter World War I on the Allied Forces’ side?

1: It had a previous treaty of alliance established with England.
2: It was angered when Germany began sinking its ships in neutral water.
3: It disagreed with the German action of invading neutral Belgium.
4: It was an ally of Austria and joined after the Archduke was assassinated.

1

Measures passed to meet America’s wartime needs included:

a. the Committee on Industrial Preparedness
b. the Selective Service Act
c. the War Industries Board
d. the Industrial Production Council

a b c

Events leading to the German signing of an armistice included:

a. the collapse of Bulgaria
b. Turkey’s surrender
c. French peace
d. the split of Austria-Hungary
e. Allies forcing a German retreat
f. a threat to the German homeland

a b d e f
President Wilson’s proposal for world peace following World War I was known as the _____.
Fourteen Points
France and England needed to receive reparations for the heavy destruction of their land during the war. T/F
false
Wilson’s peace plans received more support than he had first hoped. T/F
false

Mark the elements that describe the following view concerning treatment of the Central Powers, especially Germany, after the war.

a just peace

a. the fair treatment of all nations involved
b. the dividing of land
c. the disarming of the countries
d. the prevention of future hostilities
e. the limiting of bitter feelings
f. the stiff and harsh treatment of Central Powers

a d e

Mark the elements that describe the following view concerning treatment of the Central Powers, especially Germany, after the war.

a peace with vengeance

a. the fair treatment of all nations involved
b. the dividing of land
c. the disarming of the countries
d. the prevention of future hostilities
e. the limiting of bitter feelings
f. the stiff and harsh treatment of Central Powers

b c f
Allied countries represented at the Paris peace talks included all of the following except:
Russia

The League of Nations was established to:

1: regulate international relations
2: cease imperialism
3: increase armaments
4: settle monetary problems

1

Measures taken against Germany by the Treaty of Versailles did not include:

1: French control of Alsace-Lorraine
2: occupation of Germany
3: division of German colonies
4: reduction of German armed forces
5: Wilson’s Fourteen Points

5
peace ending World War I
Treaty of Versailles
disputed French-German territory
Alsace-Lorraine
Wilson’s peace plan
Fourteen Points
organization to secure world peace
League of Nations
British prime minister
Lloyd George
French premier
Clemenceau
Italian premier
Orlando
Progressivism was supported only by the Democratic Party. T/F
false

Which policy is NOT characteristic of Progressivism?

1: The government should control special interest groups.
2: The government should not interfere with corporations.
3:: The government should be more democratic.
4: The government should help the poor and neglected.

2
1928 agreement renouncing war
Kellogg-Briand Pact
League of Nations’ author
Woodrow Wilson
1921 meeting limiting military equipment
Washington Disarmament Conference
Teapot Dome Scandal
Albert B. Fall
low-keyed leader
Warren Harding
1924 legislation restricting immigration
Immigration Act
By the late 1920s, about forty percent of the people of the United States remained on farms. T/F
false
Urbanization gave African Americans far greater opportunities for advancement. T/F
true
started the original Ku Klux Klan
Nathaniel B. Forrest
one of the most famous musicians of all time
Louis Armstrong
expansion from country living to city living
urbanization
beginning of the Ku Klux Klan
1865
made up largely of rural, white supremacist Americans
Ku Klux Klan
the Immigration Act
1924
The Eighteenth Amendment was supported by the religious community except for Protestants. T/F
false
banned the buying and selling of liquor in the U.S.
Eighteenth Amendment
organization known for its anti-black measures
Ku Klux Klan
agreement of fifteen nations to renounce war
Kellogg-Briand Pact
five-nation treaty limiting or banning certain military equipment
Washington Disarmament Conference
scandal concerning oil reserves
Teapot Dome Scandal
peace treaty at the end of World War I
Treaty of Versailles
peace sought after World War I, dividing, limiting, and disarming Central Powers
peace of vengeance
led to the U.S. involvement in World War I
Lusitania
organization promoting African American rights
National Urban League
Wilson’s policy of political and social reform in the United States
progressivism
Austrian-Serbian hostilities initiated World War I. T/F
true
Advocates of a just peace won out at the Paris peace talks. T/F
false
The United States wanted a change from Wilson’s progressivism after World War I. T/F
true
The United States rejected the League of Nations because of U.S. policies of internationalism. T/F
false
Many scandals brought suspicions concerning Harding’s credibility. T/F
true
Historians tend to agree that _____ groups were behind the Eighteenth Amendment outlawing alcohol.
religious

A nation that was not an Allied Power of World War I was:

1: England
2: Japan
3: the United States
4: Switzerland

4

An event leading to German surrender was:

1: the victory of Turkey and Bulgaria
2: the uniting of Austria-Hungary
3: the joining of the United States with the Allies
4: the retreat of the Allies from the Germans

3

A movement of change in the postwar United States was:

1: a return to a normal state of affairs
2: rural living
3: the backing of the League of Nations
4: the lack of Prohibition

1
Legislation passed during Harding’s administration was the:
Emergency Quota Act
One group not in favor of Prohibition was:
bootleggers

Which factors caused the enforcement of the Eighteenth Amendment to break down?

a. lack of government agents to control illegal liquor-related crimes
b. people opposing Prohibition who did little to help authorities
c. too many alcohol related diseases
d. support among reformers in both the middle class and the upper class

a b

What caused the United States to break its neutrality and enter World War I?

1: the assassination of Ferdinand
2: the constant German sinking of trading vessels resulting in the loss of lives
3: the German march across Bulgaria
4: the surrender of Turkey and Bulgaria

2
President favoring tax reduction
Coolidge
managed Coolidge’s presidential campaign
Dawes
legislation to raise farm prices
McNary-Haugen Bills
Coolidge’s secretary of the treasury
Mellon
idea that American interests should be universal
internationalism
legislation to help Europe with its financial troubles
Young Plan
originated philosophy that Western capitalism was the enemy of mankind
Marx
Russian ruler who used dictatorial methods
Stalin
inspired the Russian Revolution of 1917
Lenin
Hoover served as Secretary of _____ under Presidents Harding and Coolidge.
Commerce

By the 1920s, most union members were affiliated with the _____.

1: Knights of Labor
2: American Federation of Labor
3: Selective Service Department
4: Federal Labor Union

2
The stock market crash showed the weakness of our nation’s economy. T/F
true
The stock market crash only affected stockholders and brokers. T/F
false

What three major things led to the stock market crash?

a. overextended credit
b. not enough production
c. uncontrolled spending
d. overproduction
e. massive foreclosures
f. prosperity

a c d

What were three industries other than automobile corporations that were financially well-off during the Depression?

a. clothing manufacturers
b. newspaper publishers
c. oil companies
d. private utility companies
e. tobacco companies

b d e
legislation for bonus money for veterans
Patman Bill
led federal troops to stop veteran riots
MacArthur
led farmers to form the National Farmers’ Holiday Association
Milo Reno
direct relief for people in need
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
financial aid for homeowners
Home Loan Bank System
The popularity of President _____ progressivism faded after World War I.
Wilson’s
Which president’s program for a return to normalcy was backed by the people of the United States?
Harding
Who stated the philosophy that Western capitalism was the enemy of mankind?
Marx
The dictatorial Russian leader who took power after Lenin was _____.
Stalin
The United States struggled between policies of internationalism and isolationism during the twenties. T/F
true
An imbalance in foreign trade occurred just before the Depression. T/F
true
Most people in the United States were not expecting the stock market to crash. T/F
true
Coolidge decided not to run for reelection because he lost popularity among the people. T/F
false

Postwar movements of change in the United States included:

a. a return to normalcy
b. Prohibition
c. urbanization
d. restrictive immigration
e. tax increases

a b c d

Measures backed by the Coolidge administration included:

a. immigration restriction
b. raising farm prices
c. tax reduction
d. veteran bonuses

a c d

Causes of the Great Depression included:

a. a weak national economy
b. agricultural overproduction
c. an imbalance of foreign trade
d. stock market stability
e. overextended credit

a b c e

Measures taken by President Hoover to combat the Depression included:

a. the National Farmers’ Holiday Association
b. the Reconstruction Finance Corporation
c. a plea to the private sector
d. the Home Loan Bank System

b c d

President Hoover’s main weakness in dealing with the Depression was his trust in:

a. governmental relief programs
b. the creation of a New Deal
c. the private sector
d. an increase of foreign trade

c
Franklin Roosevelt served two terms as a state senator. T/F
true
President Roosevelt had been governor of what state?
New York
Roosevelt was elected president in _____.
1932

Select six similarities of the two Roosevelts.

Both _____.

a. attended Yale
b. ran for vice president
c. were assistants to the secretary of the navy
d. were state politicians in Ohio
e. went to Columbia University Law School
f. attended Harvard
g. became president
h. were Republicans
i. were private tutors
j. had physical handicaps

b c e f g j

Roosevelt’s New Deal grew out of the ideas of what TWO presidents?

a. Warren Harding
b. Calvin Coolidge
c. Theodore Roosevelt
d. Herbert Hoover
e. Woodrow Wilson

c e
Under Roosevelt’s New Deal program, which group below would NOT have been one of the first helped?
corporations
The emphasis in Roosevelt’s New Deal was to build from the _____.
bottom up

When President Franklin D. Roosevelt took office, he passed the _____ program, which stressed passing as much legislation as possible.

1: First Hundred Days
2: Fireside Chat Days
3: New Deal Days
4: Good Neighbor Days

1
Roosevelt’s informal radio talks were called “fireside chats.” T/F
true

This decision broke from the tradition of letting families provide for their elderly. It provided for old age pensions, old age insurance, and unemployment insurance, among other things.

1: Emergency Banking Act
2: Civilian Conservation Corps
3: Federal Emergency Relief Act
4: Social Security Act

4
prevented panic withdrawals
Emergency Banking Act
work relief for states
Federal Emergency Relief Act
equality for farm prices
Agriculture Adjustment Act
improved business ethics
National Industrial Recovery Act
electrical power and soil conservation
Tennessee Valley Authority
President Roosevelt’s foreign policy was similar to that of Woodrow Wilson’s. T/F
true
Roosevelt’s Good Neighbor Policy did not fare well. T/F
false
Franklin Roosevelt put his plans for national recovery into action immediately. T/F
true
Hoover believed that the private sector would pull the United States out of the Depression. T/F
true
Although Roosevelt helped the nation’s morale, his programs did little to pull the United States out of the Depression. T/F
false
Coolidge and Hoover failed to take measures to prevent the coming Depression. T/F
true

Mark three ways the attitudes of the United States changed after World War I.

a. It lost interest in progressive causes.
b. It had more interest in progressive causes.
c. It wanted to return to a normal lifestyle.
d. It was not concerned with the question of isolationism or internationalism.
e. It was very concerned with the question of isolationism or internationalism.

a b e
General _____ was commander of American forces during World War I.
Pershing
The collapse of the German allies led to the German surrender in World War I. T/F
true
Much of the blame for the Depression was placed unfairly on Hoover. T/F
true

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