American History Chapter 15 Guided Readings

Emergency Banking Relief Act
Purpose: authorized the Treasury Department to inspect and close banks.
Goal: to restore public confidence in banks.

Glass-Steagall Banking Act of 1933
Purpose: established FDIC
Goal: to restore public confidence in banks

Federal Securities Act
Purpose: required corps. to provide complete information on all stock offerings.
Goal: to restore public confidence in the stock market

National Industrial Recover Act
Purpose: set prices, established labor standards.
Goal: to ensure fair business practices and to promote industrial growth.

Agricultural Adjustment Act
Purpose: paid farmers to lower production
Goal: to raise crop prices

Tennessee Valley Authority
Purpose: built and repaired dams and other projects in the Tennessee Valley
Goal: to create prosperity in the TV region

Civilian Conservation Corps
Purpose: put young men to work on road building and construction projects
Goal: provided jobs for men

Federal Emergency Relief Administration
Purpose: provided direct relief for needy
Goal: provide for the basic needs of the people hit the hardest by the depression

Public Works Administration
Purpose: provided money to states to create jobs
Goal: reduce unemployment

Civil Works Administration
Purpose: provided 4 million immediate jobs
Goal: reduce unemployment

Home Owners Loan Corporation
Purpose

Women
Appointees: Francis Perkins
Gains: appointed to important federal positions, more women began working out of the house
Problems: discriminaton in the workplace, getting paid less, having men get hired before them, NRA, CCC

African Americans
Appointees: Mary McLead Bethune; William H. Hastie; Robert C. Weaver
Gains: had an increased political voice because they had access to the President; organizations were created for tenant farmers
Problems: segregation, racial violence, racism, discrimination in all areas of life

Labor Unions
Gains: better working conditions; increased bargaining power; dramatic increase in union membership
Problems: strike violence

Other Coalition Groups
Other groups: various urban groups; southern whites
Reasons they supported Democratic Party: New Deal; Roosevelt appeals; work relief programs

Farmers, migrant workers, and others living in rural areas
Problems: the soil had lost its nutrients; unable to buy land; bank foreclosed on their land; did not have electricity; were in debt
Laws: the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act; AAA; SCS; PUHCA; Farm Security Act

Students and other young people
Problems: unemployed; poor
Laws: The National Youth Administration; WPA; CCC

Teachers; writers; artists and other professionals
Problems: unemployed; low or no income
Laws: Works Progress Administration; NYA

All workers including the unemployed
Problems: no jobs
Laws: Wagner Act; CCC; NYA; NLRB; FLSA; SSA

Retired workers
Problems; poor
Laws: The National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act

The disabled, the needy, elderly, and dependent mothers, and children
Problems: poor
Laws: Social Security Act

Gone with the Wind
What was it: a movie
Who created/appeared in it: Clark Gable and Vivian Leigh
What was its theme: sweeping drama about life among southern plantation owners during the civil war

Mr. Smith Goes to Washington
What was it: a movie
Who created/appeared in it: Frank Capra
What was its theme: kind vs. greed

The War of the Worlds
What was it: radio show
Who created/appeared in it: Orson Welles
What was its theme: aliens invading

Waiting for Lefty
What was it: a play
Who created/appeared in it: Clifford Odets
What was its theme: labor struggles of the 1930’s

Native Son
What was it: a book
Who created/appeared in it: Richard Wright
What was its theme: young man trying to survive in a racist world

The Grapes of Wrath
What was it: a book
Who created/appeared in it: John Steinbeck
What was its theme: life of Oklahomans who left the Dust Bowl and went to California

Our Town
What was it: a play
Who created/appeared in it: Thornton Wilder
What was its theme: beauty of small town life in New England

American Gothic
What was it: a painting
Who created/appeared in it: Grant Wood
What was its theme: portrayal of life in the Midwest during the Great Depression

Labor
New Deal Laws and Agencies: NLRB; Wagner Act; Fair Labor Standards Act
Lasting Effects: mediate labor disputes between unions and employers; set standards for wages and hours; banned child labor and ensured the right of workers to organize and to bargain collectively with employers

Agriculture and rural life
New Deal Laws and Agencies: AAA
Effects: loans made to farmers by the Commodity Credit Corporation

Banking and finance
Laws/Agencies: SEC; FDIC; Glass Steagall Act
Effects: monitor stock market; laws about sale of stock; insure bank accounts

Social welfare
Laws/Agencies: Social Security Act
Effects: provide old age insurance program; an unemployment comp. system, and aid to the disabled and families with dependent children

Environment
Laws/Agencies: CCC; Soil Conservation Service; Taylor Grazing Act; TVA
Effects: planted trees, created hiking trails, built fire lookout towers; Taught farmers how to conserve soil through contour plowing, terracing, and crop rotation; help reduce grazing on public lands; harnessed water power to generate electricity and to prevent floods in the Tennessee Valley

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Explain the causes of the Great Depression and state the unemployment rate 1929 – “Black Thursday” Stock market collapsed, factories closed, unemployment went up, optimism shattered Result in 25% unemployment Discuss the most striking characteristic of the stock market in …

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Price Support The government would buy surplus crops like corn, wheat, cotton and tobacco at guaranteed prices and sell them on the world market. Credit an arrangement in which consumers agreed to buy now and pay later for purchases in …

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