Acting in an Emergency and Assessing the Victim ( 2 n 4)

If a victim is ” responsive” what does that mean?
The victim has the capability to respond

If a victim is “unresponsive” what does that mean?
Victim isn’t conscious nor responsive to communication

You have just arrived at the site of an emergency and you decide to help, what should you do first?
Check the scene

After the first step, list other things you should look for and or consider?
. Don’t approach the victim if a threat to your life exist
. gain victim’s confidence
. Identify problems
.Don’t assume that the injury you see is the only one
. Gather info that will be helpful to EMS

If the situation is one that would threaten your life too, should you approach the victim
No, because you could become the second victim

Now that you have decided to help you should get the victim’s consent. How do you determine consent if the victim is unconscious.
You assume that you have permission to administer first aid unless there is evidence of the contrary.

Define and identify the goal of the Initial Assessment
.Check the victim for life threating conditions
. Check for responsiveness
. normal breathing
. sever bleeding

Define and identify the goal of the Secondary Assessment
.Get the victim’s history and perfrom a physical examination to check for any injuries or sign of sudden illness

What does RAP CAB stand for?
R- Check for responsiveness
A- activate EMS
P-Position victim on the back
C-chest compression
A-Airway
B-Breathing

If a victim needs CPR , is it acceptable to move them from the life threatening environment they are in?

If a victim is not in a life threatening environment and needs CPR , should you move them?
No, because it may cause additional injury

There are 4 levels of responsiveness, list the letter that will remind you of the levels of responsiveness and indicate what each letter stands for
. Alert
. Responds to Verbal stimuli
.Responds to Painful stimuli
. Unresponsive to all stimuli

What does each letter in SAMPLE stand for ? What is the difference between a sign and a symptom.
S- signs and symptoms ( signs , what you observe about the victim, symptoms , how he or she feels )
a- allergies
M- Medications
P- Previous problems
L- Last food or drink
E- events

DOts is the reminder of somethings you need to check the victim for. What do these letter stand for ?
Deformity
Open Wounds
Tenderness
Swelling

When speaking with the dispatcher , who should hang up the phone first?
The dispatcher should instruct you when to hang up

What are 6 things you need to tell the dispatcher
-Location
– telephone number
– what has happened
– number of persons needing help
-special conditions
-assessment of the victim

Remember that a 2 minute delay in calling 911 can be deadly

How often should you reassess ABC’s in the conscious and unconscious victims?
Every 5 mins if the victim is unconscious and every 15 minutes if the victim is conscious

What does PERL stand for
Pupils Equal and React to Light

What do you check when doing an physical assessment
. don’t move the head r neck during the examination. Gently feel the skull for bleeding bumps or depression
. check for medical alert necklace, deformity, or swelling and pain
Torso – check the skin appearance, temp, and mostire. check chest ask victim to breath deeply and look for easy symmetrical expansion of chest

Pelvic – feel the abs for rigidity , pain, or bleeding gently feel both sides of the hips and pelvis to check for pain or deformities

Extremities- touch the fingers ask about sensations normal to the victim, look for a medical alert bracelet, check the skin color and temp or the hand to detect impaired circulation and ask them to shrug shoulders.
Ask victim about movement in extremities
Wiggle fingers, toes
Have victim press foot against your hand
Have victim squeeze your hand
It is appropriate to pinch an extremity to determine if there is paralysis

What does the term cardio refer to
deals with the heart

What does the term pulmonary refer to
the lungs

what does the term resuscitate refer to
1.revive (someone) from unconsciousness or apparent death

Define and identify the goal of the Initial Assessment
The process of checking a victim when you first decide it is appropriate to help. You should check for life threatening conditions: heart lung, brain spinal cord. The initial assessment includes checking for responsiveness, circulation, breathing (gray skin) or severe bleeding

Define and identify the goal of the: Secondary Assessment
The assessment done on the victim once the initial assessment is completed. The secondary assessment is performed only for victims without life-threatening conditions. Its purpose is to identify any area of the body that may have a problem.

should you move the person in danger for cpr
If the victim will lose their life due to the environment, move them for CPR. Otherwise, leave them where they are.

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