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Anosognosia is an inability to
d. make realistic self-appraisals.

Which of the following is not listed in the DSM-IV-TR under disorders of infancy, childhood, and adolescence?
d. Sleepwalking disorder

The cohesive family model is a treatment strategy for the child with conduct disorder that
b. proposes that dysfunctional interactions have served to maintain the child’s problematic behavior.

As children with ADHD become adolescents and adults,
b. many continue to experience symptoms.

Which of the following is a risk factor for developing Alzheimer’s disease?
a. Being a woman

Historically, why has little attention been paid to childhood psychopathology?
b. Childhood disorders were viewed as childhood versions of adult disorders.

What type of behavioral therapy is most likely to be used in the treatment of child with an anxiety disorder?
a. Behavior therapy that includes assertiveness training and desensitization using graded real-life situations.

Cross-cultural studies of tics find that
b. the average age of tic onset appears to be universal.

Individuals with Down syndrome typically show which of the following characteristics?
c. They have large tongues and short fingers.

The damage that might be caused to the brain by riding a violently fast roller coaster is similar to that seen with
a. a closed-head injury.

Mild brain injuries
c. usually produce long-term, minor problems, particularly in older people.

Effective treatments for conduct disorder usually involve
d. parental participation.

Early-onset Alzheimer’s disease differs from late-onset from in that
a. the progression of the disease is more rapid.

We are likely to find that most of the children with autistic disorder
d. were identified as having the disorder before they were 3 years old.

What type of drugs are most likely to be used to inhibit the progression of Alzheimer’s disease?
d. Cholinesterase inhibitors

Juliet is a depressed child. When she wins a prize at school for her art project, how is she likely to explain it?
c. I got lucky.

The development of conduct disorder in adolescence
d. is not associated with lasting behavioral problems.

Which child below best illustrates the typical child with functional encopresis?
c. A 7-year-old boy who soils himself when under stress.

Brad has been diagnosed with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). The disorder began around age 12 and is characterized by disobedient and hostile behavior toward authority figures. What aspect of this case is unusual?
b. It is unusual for the onset of ODD to occur at age 12.

What is the relationship between oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder?
a. Virtually all children who develop conduct disorder have oppositional defiant disorder first.

The families of children with conduct disorders typically
c. involve rejection and neglect.

The most common childhood anxiety disorder is ________.
d. separation anxiety disorder

The extent of the deficits seen after brain damage are determined in part by
b. how one is functioning before the damage occurs.

What is the advantage of using Pemoline to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder instead of Ritalin?
c. Pemoline has fewer side effects.

Ruth experienced a stroke that severely damaged her occipital lobe. We can expect that she has an impairment in her ability to
c. understand what she sees.

Shortly after birth, Darren’s head began to grow. At age 5, a shunt was placed in his skull to drain fluid. He has seizures, trouble seeing, and is mildly mentally retarded. Darren’s most likely diagnosis is
d. hydrocephaly.

The evidence suggests that medications for ADHD
a. work well for the short-term but show little long-term effect.

Behaviors, such as drug abuse, that leads to brain damage is most likely to be indicated
a. only on Axis I.

What was the greatest problem that emerged as a classification system for childhood disorders was being developed?
a. The same classification system that had been developed for adults was used for children.

Research on the effects of parental depression
b. suggests that parental psychopathology leads to changes in parenting behavior that has lasting effects on children.

Separation anxiety disorder is best illustrated by which of the following people?
c. Isabella, who worries that her father will die if she is not near him.

Delirium is thought to be more common in the elderly due to
d. normal age-related changes in the brain.

The extremely intensive experimental behavior program designed by Ivar Lovaas for children with autism
c. helped almost half of the children in the treatment program achieve normal intellectual functioning.

Which person is least likely to have a good recovery from moderate brain injury?
a. Paul, who was severely depressed.

Anxiety disorders of childhood
d. typically do not lead to problems later in life.

Which of the following statements about Alzheimer’s disease is true?
a. The specific symptoms vary considerably from patient to patient and from day to day for the same patient.

Asperger’s disorder is
a. similar to but less severe than autism.

Drugs used to treat enuresis are thought to
d. decrease the deepest stage of sleep.

Tics
c. are usually associated with severe behavioral problems.

Which of the following is associated with an increased risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease?
b. Giving birth to a child with Down syndrome before age 35

It is important that mental health professionals have an understanding of the effects of brain damage because
b. brain damage can result in symptoms that look like psychological conditions.

Vascular dementia less common than Alzheimer’s disease because
b. the patient is vulnerable to sudden death from stroke or cardiovascular disease.

Procedural memory often is intact in patients with amnestic disorder. This means
c. they can still learn routines and skills and may be able to be taught tasks that will enable them to work.

Focal brain damage is most likely to be a consequence of
a. stroke.

Emotional dyscontrol and personality alterations are expected with
c. frontal lobe damage.

How does vascular dementia differs from Alzheimer’s disease?
d. Accompanying mood disorders are more common.

It has been observed that if a women gives birth to a child with Down syndrome before the age of 35, she has an increased risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. Which of the following best explains this observation?
d. A genetic mutation that increases susceptibility to Alzheimer’s disease also increases the likelihood of passing on chromosomal abnormalities.

The most common cause of delirium is
b. drugs.

What is the relationship between the HIV-1 virus and brain damage?
b. The virus may work indirectly: It allows infections to occur that cause brain damage.

The most common cause of traumatic brain injury is
b. motor vehicle accidents.

The terms functional and organic are no longer found in the DSM. Functional was previously used to indicate a(n) ________ origin while organic was used to refer to brain damage of with a(n) ________ cause.
d. psychological; biological

You are convinced that your grandmother has Alzheimer’s. How can you doctor confirm your diagnosis?
d. By ruling out all other potential causes of dementia

The best avenue of research for effective treatment of Alzheimer’s disease involves
b. prevention or treatment at the first sign of illness because lost neurons cannot be regained.

Delirium is to dementia as ________ is to ________.
a. acute; chronic

Late-onset Alzheimer’s disease has been linked to a gene on chromosome
c. 19.

“Confabulation” is a term for
c. the making up of events that amnestic patients so to fill in gaps in their memories.

The extent of the deficits seen after brain damage are determined in part by
b. how one is functioning before the damage occurs.

Which of the following is associated with an increased risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease?
b. Giving birth to a child with Down syndrome before age 35

The occurrence of which of the following after a head injury suggests a poor prognosis?
d. Anterograde amnesia

Someone with focal brain damage in his or her left hemisphere
b. will have problems with processing language.

Despite studies such as by Ivar Lovaas, the overall prognosis for children with autism is
b. poor.

In studies looking at the effectiveness of treatment for ADHD, what was found?
a. While good results are achieved when medication is combined with therapy, the medication appears to be the more effective element of the treatment.

Childhood and adult depression differ in what way?
a. Irritability is often seen as a major symptom in childhood depression.

Treatment of ADHD with drugs such as Ritalin is thought to be effective as it
b. increases the ability to concentrate.

Which of the following statements about early-onset conduct disorder is true?
c. The majority will continue to have, at minimum, social dysfunction as adults.

Phenylketonuria can be used to illustrate
d. how nature and nurture interact.

It has been suggested that the symptoms seen in autism might reflect a problem with the function of the
a. glutamate neurotransmitter system.

Throughout his young life, Quincy, age 7, rarely wakes up in the morning to a dry bed. Quincy would be diagnosed as having
c. primary functional enuresis.

Evidence that culture plays a role in the development of childhood anxiety disorders comes from the fact that
b. children from cultures that favor inhibition and compliance report more fears.

A crucial aspect of developmental psychopathology is understanding individual maladaptation
c. in the context of normal developmental changes.

Which of the following is most likely to be used in the treatment of selective mutism?
a. Family therapy

Divorce, hostility, and lack of monitoring are family characteristics most closely associated with
b. conduct disorder.

Which of the following has been associated with autism?
c. Defective genes or radiation damage

Childhood anxiety disorders are associated with each of the following factors EXCEPT
a. a deficit in conditionability to aversive stimuli.

Autism is similar to schizophrenia in its
c. impact on multiple functions.

An asymmetry in brain development has been hypothesized to be a cause of
c. learning disabilities.

The most common childhood anxiety disorder is ________.
d. separation anxiety disorder

Microcephaly and macrocephaly have what in common?
a. They involve alterations in head size and shape.

Compared to enuresis, encopresis is
a. diagnosed at an earlier age.

Research on the families of children with conduct disorder suggests that
a. antisocial behavioral patterns may be learned.

The only neuropsychological syndrome for which antiviral therapy is likely to be helpful is
a. AIDS-related dementia.

Damage to the temporal lobes of the brain is most likely to result in
d. forgetfulness.

Which of the following is a possible explanation for the seeming lack of emotion in autistic children?
b. They have a lack of social understanding

Which of the following is most likely to be used in the treatment of selective mutism?
a. Family therapy

Before the accident, Bob was unemployed and had few friends. Lionel, who suffered comparable head trauma, was a successful businessman and had just married. Which of these men should have the more favorable outcome and why?
c. Lionel, because he is more likely to be motivated to recover.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
b. is the most frequent psychological referral to mental health facilities.

Childhood anxiety disorders are associated with each of the following factors EXCEPT
a. a deficit in conditionability to aversive stimuli.

The most effective medical treatment for Tourette’s syndrome is
c. neuroleptics such as haloperidol.

Which of the following is most likely to be characteristic of a physically aggressive Alzheimer’s disease patient?
d. Delusions of persecution

The particular disease that most commonly causes dementia is
b. Alzheimer’s disease.

A learning disability usually is identified
b. because a child shows a disparity between his or her actual academic achievement and expected academic achievement.

The most common cause of dementia is
c. degenerative brain disease.

Which of the following is NOT a subtype of ADHD found in the DSM-IV-TR?
c. Inattentive/Impulsive Type

With respect to how he or she functions in relationships, an individual with mild mental retardation is most comparable to
b. an adolescent.

What is the self-perpetuating cycle in conduct disorder?
a. A genetic predisposition leads to a low IQ and difficult temperament, which leads to poor parenting and an insecure attachment, which leads to conduct disorder.

Divorce, hostility, and lack of monitoring are family characteristics most closely associated with
b. conduct disorder.

The first neurons to be affected in Alzheimer’s disease are cells that release
d. acetylcholine.

Which of the following psychopathological symptoms is commonly seen in neuropsychological disorders?
a. Cognitive deficits

Dementia in HIV
d. may be due to the HIV virus directly attacking brain cells.

Which person is least likely to have a good recovery from moderate brain injury?
a. Paul, who was severely depressed.

Which of the following is probably the most important factor in determining the functioning of a child who undergoes significant traumatic brain injury?
c. Competencies acquired before the injury

The most common cause of dementia is
c. degenerative brain disease.

What is the advantage of using Pemoline to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder instead of Ritalin?
c. Pemoline has fewer side effects.

Girls with conduct disorder
b. are at risk for teen pregnancy.

Children born with phenylketonuria,
b. appear normal at first.

After her parents’ divorce, Julia began wetting the bed. She wets the bed almost nightly and is embarrassed about it in the morning. What disorder would this 7-year-old be diagnosed with?
b. Secondary functional enuresis

Genetic factors
b. are clearly involved in the more severe forms of retardation.

Shortly after birth, Darren’s head began to grow. At age 5, a shunt was placed in his skull to drain fluid. He has seizures, trouble seeing, and is mildly mentally retarded. Darren’s most likely diagnosis is
d. hydrocephaly.

The term “juvenile delinquent” is
b. defined by the legal system.

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