Abnormal Psych

How do we label disordered thoughts, feelings and actions disordered?
deviant, disstressful, and dysfuntional

What does ADHD stand for?
Attention-deficit hyperactivety disorder

What are the three key symptoms of ADHD?
inattention, hyperactivety and impulsivity

Who is ADHD diagnoesed more often in? Males or Females?
Males

Has the amount of children being treated for ADHD increased or decreased?
Increased

Is ADHD heritable?
Some say yes.

What is the medical model?
The thought that all mental illnesses can be diagnosed, treated, and cured in a psychiatric hospital.

What did Philippe Pinel suggest?
That hospitals provide more humane living conditions for the mentally ill.

To presume that a person is “mentally ill” says the condition is only beccause it is an ( internal or external) problem?
Internal

What kinds of psych disorders are universal?
Depression and Schizophrenia

What kind of psych disorders are culture-bound?
Anorexia and bullimia

What kind of approach do most mental health workers use today?
Biopsychsocial

What is a biopsysocial approach?
Where they assume the disorders are caused by genetic predispositions, physiological states, inner psychological dynamics, and social and cultural circumstances.

What is the manual called that helps psychologists classify psych dissorders?
DSM-IV-TR

True or False:
The DSM explains the cause of the disorder not describe the disorder.
False: It describes not explains the cause.

True or False:
Most people with psych disorders are not violent.
True

What is an anxiety disorder characterized by?
Distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety.

What is a generalized anxiety disorder?
When a person is continually tense, apprehensive, and physiologically aroused for no apparent reason.

How does Freud describe anxiety?
Free Floating

What is a panic disorder?
Anxiety that is intensified dramatically and unpredictibally and be accompanied by heart papilations or choking.

What is a phobia?
When a person has an irrational fear of a specific object, activity or situation.

What is a social phobia?
Fear of being scrutinized by others.

What is agoraphobia?
a phobia where you have a fear of not being able to escape or help might not be possible when panic strikes.

What is OCD?
When a person cannot control repetitive thoughts and actions.

What PTSD?
Traumatic stress, such as that associated with witnessing bad things in war or combat

What are symptoms of PTSD?
Haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawl, jumpy anxiety, and insomnia

Do people with a sensative limbic system have a higher risk of aquiring PTSD?
Yes

What is post-traumatic growth?
A time in which people experience an increased appreciation for life.

What did Freud assume about anxiety disordes?
that they are symptoms of submerged mental energy that derives from intolerable impulses that were repressed during childhood.

What is stimulus generalization?
associating a fear of falling with being scared of airplanes.

What influences mood?
Serotonin

What regulates the brains alarm centers?
Glutamate.

In a person with OCD, what part of there brain shows excesive activity?
The anterior cingulate.

What do symptoms do in somataform disorders?
take a bodily form without having an apparent physical cause.

What is a conversion disorder?
Anxiety is converted into physical symptoms.

What is a hypochondriac?
a person who thinks normal symptoms are that of a disease.

What is a dissociative disorder?
A person experiences a sudden lose of memory, or change in identity.

What does dissociation mean?
To become seperated from painful memories, thoughts or feelings.

A person who develops two or more distinct personalities is suffering from what type of dissorder?
Dissociative identity disorder

Who has argued that people with a dissosiate identity disorder may merely be playing different roles?
Nicholas Spanos

What are mood disorders characterized by?
emotional extremes

What is the experience of prolonged depression with no know cause is..?
Major Depressive Disorder.

What is it called when a person’s mood alternates between depression and the hyperactive state of mania?
A bipolar disorder

What is the #1 reason people seek mental health services?
Depression

What are possible signs of depression?
Lethargy, feelings of worthlessness, and loss of interest in family, friends, and activities

What are symptoms of mania?
Euphoria, hyperactivity, and a wildly optimistic state.

Who is more vulnerable to major depression? Men or Women?
Women

What kind of internal disorders are women more vulnerable too?
Depression, anxiety, and inhibited sexual desire

What kind of external disorders are men more vulnerable too?
Alcohol abuse, antisocial conduct, and lack of impulse control

What do researches use to determine which genes are involved in depression?
Linkage analysis

What part of the beain is found to be less active in depressed people?
Frontal Lobe

What part of the brain is vulnerable to stress related damage?
Hippocampusq

Depression can be caused by what two low levels of neurotransmitters?
Norepinephrine and serotonin

Drugs that aleviate mania reduce what neurotransmitter?
Norepi

Drugs that relieve depression increase what neurotansmitter by doing either of what two things?
norepi and serotonin; blocking reuptake or their chemical breakdown

According to what perspective may depression be linked with self-defeating beliefs and a negative explanatory style.
The social-cognative perspective

When trouble strikes, men tend to _______ and women tend to _________
act; think

According to Martin Seligram, depression is more common in ______ ______ that emphasize _________, that have shown a decline in religion and family.
Western Cultures, individulization.

What does Schizophrenia refer too?
Split from reality.

What are the three symptoms of Shizophrenia?
disorganized thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inapropriate emotions and actions

What are distortd false beliefs?
Delusions

What do quaks say the disorganized thinking is from?
A breakdown in the capacity of selective attention.

Are hallucinations usually visual or auditory?
Auditory.

What is a state of catatonia?
remaining motionless for hourse and then becoming agitated.

What do they call a zome-like state of apparent apathy?
The flat affect

People with Schizophrenia who display innapropraite behaviors are said to have ________ symptoms.
Posotive

People with schizophrenia with toneless voices and expressionless faces are said to have _______ symptoms.
negative

What is slow developing schizophrenia? Is it reversable?
Chronic; Not likely

What is fast developing schizophrenia called? is it reversable?
Acute; More likely than chronic schitz.

The brain tissue of Schits patients is found to have an excess of receptors for what neurotransmitter?
Dopamine.

Personality disorders exist when an idividual has characteristic traits that are?
enduring and impair social functioning.

Alexis is socially withdrawn and has few close friends. This behavior is most likely to be diagnosed as a symptom of psychological disorder if it is preventing her from functioning effectively The U.S. National Institute of Mental Health has indicated …

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A serious criticism of the ____ model is that the patient becomes a passive recipient of treatment. Medical A person who feels euphoric and hyperactive may be experiencing A manic episode WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY …

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Optimism Mania is most likely to be characterized by feelings of Mania most likely to be associated with bipolar disorder WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample Bipolar …

DSM-5 New Disorders: *Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder* To address concerns about potential overdiagnosis and overtreatment of bipolar disorder in children, a new diagnosis, disruptive mood dysregulation disorder, is included for children up to age 18 years who exhibit persistent irritability …

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