aaos emergency care and transportation of the sick and injured, tenth edition, chapter 33

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)
a condition in which the walls of the aorta in the abdomen weaken and blood leaks into the layers of the vessel, causing it to bulge

advance directives
WRITTEN DOCUMENTATION THAT SPECIFIES MEDICAL TREATMENT FOR A COMPETENT PATIENT SHOULD THE PATIENT BECOME UNABLE TO MAKE DECISIONS; ALSO CALLED LIVING WILLS.

aneurysm
An enlargement of a part of an artery, resulting from weakening of the arterial wall.

ascites
Fluid in the abdomen

cataracts
Clouding of the lens of the eye or its surrounding transparent membranes.

decubitus ulcers
Also known as bedsores. These are sores caused by the pressure of skin against a surface for long periods. These sores can range from a pink discoloration of the skin to a deep wound that may invade into bone or organs.

deep venous thrombosis
The formation of a blood clot within the larger veins of an extremity, typically following a period of prolonged immobilization.

delirium
A more or less sudden change in mental status marked by the inability to focus, think logically, and maintain attention.

dementia
The slow onset of progressive disorientation, shortened attention span, and loss of cognitive function.

dyspnea
Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing.

elder abuse
any action on the part of an older person’s family member, caregiver, or other associated person that takes advantage of the older individual’s person, property, or emotional state; also called granny beating and parent battering.

geriatrics
The assessment and treatment of disaeses in someone who is 65 years or older.

jugular vein distention
A visual bulging of the jugular veins in the neck that can be caused by fluid overload, pressure in the chest, cardiac tamponade or tension pnuemothorax.

kyphosis
A forward curling of the back caused by an abnormal increase in the curvature of the spine.

melena
Black, tarry stools.

methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
A bacterium that causes infections in different parts of the body and is often resistant to commonly used antibiotics; can be found on the skin, in surgical wounds, in the bloodstream, lungs, and urinary tract.

neuropathy
A group of conditions in which the nerves leaving the spinal cord are damaged, resulting in distortion of signals to or from the brain.

osteoporosis
A generalized bone disease, commonly associated with postmenopausal women in which there is a reduction in the amount of bone mass leading to fractures after minimal trauma in either sex.

peptic ulcer disaese
An abrasion of the stomach or small intestine

pneumonia
An inflammation/infection of the lung from a bacterial, viral, or fungal cause.

polypharmacy
The use of multiple medications by a patient as typically seen in elderly people.

presbycusis
An age-related condition of the ear that produces progressive bilateral hearing loss that is most noted at higher frequencies.

pulmonary embolism
A condition that causes a sudden blockage of the pulmonary artery by a venous clot.

respiratory syncytial virus
A highly contagious virus that causes an infection of the upper and lower respiratory system.

syncope
A fainting spell or transient loss of consciousness, often caused by an interruption of blood flow to the brain.

unilateral pedal edema
Pedal edema is a swelling of the foot and ankle caused by fluid overload; unilateral would present in only one extremity.

urinary tract infection
A bacterial infection that affects the urinary tract.

Air Embolism Air bubbles in the blood vessels. Ambient temperature The temperature of the surrounding environment. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample Antivenin A serum that counteracts …

Abdomen The body cavity that contains the major organs of digestion and excretion. It is located below the diaphragm and above the pelvis. abduction Motion of a limb away from the midline. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON …

abandonment Unilateral termination of care by the EMT without the patient’s consent and without making provisions for transferring care to another medical professional with the skills and training necessary to meet the needs of the patient. advance directive Written documentation …

adolescents Children between 12 to 18 years of age. apparent life-threatening event (ALTE) An event that causes unresponsiveness, cyanosis and apnea in an infant who then resumes breathing with stimulation. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC …

advanced EMT (AEMT) An individual who has training in specific aspects of advanced life support, such as intravenous therapy, and the administration of certain emergency medications. advanced life support (ALS) Advanced lifesaving procedures, some of which are now being provided …

a-, an- without, lack of ab- away from WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample abdomi(n)- abdomen acr(o)- extremity ad- to, toward aden(o)- gland ana- up, back, again …

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