AAOS Emergency Care and Transportation of the Sick and Injured, Tenth Edition, Chapter 1: EMS Systems

advanced EMT (AEMT)
An individual who has training in specific aspects of advanced life support, such as intravenous therapy, and the administration of certain emergency medications.

advanced life support (ALS)
Advanced lifesaving procedures, some of which are now being provided by the EMT.

Americans with Disabilites Act (ADA)
Comprehensive legislation that is designed to protect individuals with disabilities against discrimination.

automated external defibrillator (AED)
A device that detects treatable life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias (ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia) and delivers the appropriate electrical shock to the patient.

A process in which a person, an institution, or a program is evaluated and recognized as meeting certain predetermined standards to provide safe and ethical care.

continuous quality improvement (CQI)
A system of internal and external reviews and audits of all aspects of an EMS system.

emergency medical dispatch (EMD)
A system that assists dispatchers in selecting appropriate units to respond to a particular call for assistance in providing callers with vital instructions until the arrival of EMS crews.

emergency medical responder (EMR)
The first trained individual, such as a police officer, fire fighter, lifeguard, or other rescuer, to arrive at the scene of an emergency to provide initial medical assistance.

emergency medical services (EMS)
A multidisciplinary system that represents the combined efforts of several professionals and agencies to provide prehospital emergency care to the sick and injured.

emergency medical technician (EMT)
An individual who has training in basic life support, including automated external defibrillation, use of a definitive airway adjunct, and assisting patients with certain medications.

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
Federal legislation passed in 1996. Its main effect in EMS is in limiting availability of patients’ health care information and penalizing violations of patient privacy.

Emergency medical care has developed from the days when the local funeral home provided ambulance service to the current, modern emergency medical services (EMS) system. Major improvements in emergency medical care over the years include all of the following EXCEPT: …

authorized by a medical director to give medications and provide emergency care. The transfer of such authorization is an extension of the Medical Director’s license to practice medicine. Designated Agent description of medical techniques or practices that are supported by …

Should every hospital have to provide ED services? Some states have enacted statues that require hospitals to maintain Emergency Departments (EDs). No duty to respond in an emergency under common law • A physician had no responsibility to respond to …

Ambu bag A bag placed over the nose and mouth to assist in providing artificial ventilation to the lungs Anaphylaxis Hypersensitive state of the body to a foriegn protein or drug WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY …

anaphylaxis a life-threatening sensitivity to an antigen cardiac arrest same as sudden cardiac arrest(SCA) WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample convulsion same as seizure fainting sudden loss …

What is the “first and foremost” essential first aid factor? Get proper first aid training. Which of the following is true of emergency care? The outcome of emergency care depends on a variety of factors. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM …

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