AAOS Emergency Care and Transportation of the Sick and Injured, Tenth Edition, Chapter 1: EMS Systems

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advanced EMT (AEMT)
An individual who has training in specific aspects of advanced life support, such as intravenous therapy, and the administration of certain emergency medications.

advanced life support (ALS)
Advanced lifesaving procedures, some of which are now being provided by the EMT.

Americans with Disabilites Act (ADA)
Comprehensive legislation that is designed to protect individuals with disabilities against discrimination.

automated external defibrillator (AED)
A device that detects treatable life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias (ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia) and delivers the appropriate electrical shock to the patient.

certification
A process in which a person, an institution, or a program is evaluated and recognized as meeting certain predetermined standards to provide safe and ethical care.

continuous quality improvement (CQI)
A system of internal and external reviews and audits of all aspects of an EMS system.

emergency medical dispatch (EMD)
A system that assists dispatchers in selecting appropriate units to respond to a particular call for assistance in providing callers with vital instructions until the arrival of EMS crews.

emergency medical responder (EMR)
The first trained individual, such as a police officer, fire fighter, lifeguard, or other rescuer, to arrive at the scene of an emergency to provide initial medical assistance.

emergency medical services (EMS)
A multidisciplinary system that represents the combined efforts of several professionals and agencies to provide prehospital emergency care to the sick and injured.

emergency medical technician (EMT)
An individual who has training in basic life support, including automated external defibrillation, use of a definitive airway adjunct, and assisting patients with certain medications.

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
Federal legislation passed in 1996. Its main effect in EMS is in limiting availability of patients’ health care information and penalizing violations of patient privacy.

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy adolescents Children between 12 to 18 years of age. apparent life-threatening event (ALTE) An event that causes unresponsiveness, cyanosis …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy abandonment Unilateral termination of care by the EMT without the patient’s consent and without making provisions for transferring care …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Abdomen The body cavity that contains the major organs of digestion and excretion. It is located below the diaphragm …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) a condition in which the walls of the aorta in the abdomen weaken and blood …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Air Embolism Air bubbles in the blood vessels. Ambient temperature The temperature of the surrounding environment. WE WILL WRITE …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy acute stress reactions Reaction to stress that occurs during a stressful situation. airborne transmission The spread of an organism …

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