AAOS Emergency Care and Transportation of the Sick and Injured Eleventh Edition – Chapter 5 Medical Terminology

a-, an-
without, lack of

ab-
away from

abdomi(n)-
abdomen

acr(o)-
extremity

ad-
to, toward

aden(o)-
gland

ana-
up, back, again

angio-
vessel

ante-
before, foreward

anti-
against, opposed to

arteri(o)-
artery

arthro-
joint

auto-
self

bi-
two

bi(o)-
life

blast(o)-
germ or cell

blephar(o)-
eyelid

brady-
slow

calc-
stone; heel

cardi(o)-
heart

cephal(o)-
head

cerebr(o)-
cerebrum

cervic(o)-
neck; cervix

cholecysto
gall bladder

chondr(o)-
cartilage

circum-
around, about

contra-
against, opposite

cost(o)-
rib

cyan(o)-
blue

cyst(o)-
bladder; any fluid-containing sac

cyt(o)-
cell

de-
down from

dermat(o)-
skin

di-
twice, double

dia-
through, completely

dys-
difficult, painful, abnormal

ectomy
surgical removal of

electro-
pertaining to electricity

end(o)-
within

enter(o)-
intestines

epi-
upon, on

eu-
easy, good, normal

ex(o)-
outside

extra-
outside; in addition

gastr(o)-
stomach

glyc(o)-
sugar

gynec(0)-
females; female reproductive organs

hemat(o)-
blood

hepat(o)-
liver

hom-
same or like

Abduction
Motion of limb away from the midline

Adduction
Motion of a limb toward the midline

Anterior (ventral)
The front surface of the body: the side facing you in the standard anatomic position.

Apex (plural apices)
The pointed extremity of a conical structure.

Bilateral
A body part or condition that appears on both sides of the midline.

Combining vowel
The vowel used to combine two word roots or a word root and suffix.

Deep
Farther inside the body and away from the skin.

Distal
Further from the trunk or nearer to the free end of the extremity.

Dorsal (posterior)
The posterior surface of the body including the back of the hand.

Extension
The straightening of a joint

Flexion
The bending of a joint

Fowler position
An inclined position in which the head of the bed raised

Inferior (away from the head)
Below a body part or nearer to the feet

Lateral
Parts of the body that lie farther from the midline: also called outer structures

Medial
Parts of the body that lie closer to the midline: also called inner structure.

Palmer
The forward facing part of the hand in the anatomic position.

Plantar
The bottom surface of the foot

Posterior (dorsal)
The back surface of the body: the side away from you in the standard anatomic position. (back)

Prefix
Part of a term that appears before a word root, changing the meaning of the term

Prone
Lying face down

Proximal
Closer to the trunk

Quadrant’s
Describes the sections of the abdominal cavity in which two imaginary lines intersect at the umbilicus diving the abdomen into four equal areas.

Suffix
The part of a term that comes after the root word at the end of the term.

Superficial
Closer to or on the skin

Superior
Above a body part or nearer to the head.

Supine
Lying face up

Ventral (anterior)
The anterior surface of the body (front)

Wood Root
The main part of a term that contains the primary meaning.

Pallor
Paleness of skin

Cyanosis
Blue skin

Necrosis
death of body tissue

Afebrile
without fever

Hematoma
collection of blood under the skin

Tachycardia
fast heart rate

Hypoxia
low oxygen

Patent
open or unobstructed

Ischemia
lack of oxygen

Bradycardia
slow heart rate

Contusion
Brusing

Macro
large

Tachy
fast

dys
abnormal or dysfunctional

Hemia
blood

Pedi
foot or child

micro
small

peri
around

renal
kidneys

primi
first

hepa
liver

hemi
half

pnea
breathing

c with line above it
with

RLQ
right lower quandrant

Dx
Diagnosis

c/o
complaining of

JVD
jugular venous distention

LUQ
left upper quadrant

fx
fracture

COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

SOB
shortness of breath

LLQ
lower left quadrant

Hx
history

GSW
gun shot wound

s with a line above it
without

NKA
no know allergies

NTG
nitroglycerine

NPO
nothing by mouth

ETOH
alcohol intoxication

ICP
intracranial pressure

RUQ
right upper quadrant

c/c
chief complaint

ALS
advanced life support

ETA
estimated time of arrival

PRN
as needed

BVM
bag-valve mask

AMA
against medical advice

p
after

BID
twice a day

WNL
within normal limits

R/O
rule out

TIA
transient ischemic attack (small stroke)

CP
chest pain

Q / q
every

HHN
hand held nebulizer

s/s
signs and symptoms

STAT
immediately

CNS
central nervous system

po
by mouth

LMP
last menstrual period

CAD
coronary artery disease

MI
myocardial infarction (heart attack)

GI
gastrointestinal

GCS
Glasgow coma scale

VS
vital signs

TID
three times per day

PERL or PERRL
pupils equal round and reactive to light

HBD
has been drinking

QID
four times a day

a with a line above it
before

FROM
full range of motion

CHF
congestive heart failure

GU
gento urine

+
present

none

itis
inflammation

hyper
high, over, excessive

hypo
low, under, below normal

pre
before

post
after, behind

nephr
kidney

psych
mind

thorac
chest

al
pertaining to

algia
pertaining to pain

logy
study of

logist
specialist

megaly
enlargement

meter
measuring instrument

oma
tumor

pathy
disease

ambi
both

pan
all entire

leuk/o
white (white blood cells leukocyte)

erythr/o
red (red blood cells erythrocyte)

cirrh/o
yellow- orange

melan/o
black

poli/o
gray

alb
white – albino

chlor/o
green

trans
across, through, beyond

supra
above, over

retro
behind

sub
under, beneath

infra
below, under

para
near, beside, beyond apart from

intra
inside, within

ipsi
same

pleurocentesis
draining fluid from the chest

true or false
not all medical terms will have a prefix
true

true or false
The ankle is proximal to the knee
false

true or false
The abbreviation CRNA means certified registered nurse anesthetist
true

true or false
the word root occurs before the prefix
false

true or false
when a term has more than one word root a combining vowl must be placed between the two roots
true

true or false
singular words that end in “a” change to “es” when plural
false

true or false
the wrist is proximal to the elbow
false

true or false
the abbreviation for deep vein thrombosis’s DVT
true

true or false
the suffix “plegia” refers to plastic surgery
false

a =
ae (plural)

is =
es (plural)

ex or ix =
ices (plural)

on or um –
a (plural)

us =
I (plural)

photophobia
fear of light

What two organizations provide do no use lists identifying abbreviations that lead to errors?
The joint commission
The institute for safe medication practices

atrium one of two (right and left) upper chambers of the heart. the right atrium receives blood from the vena cave and delivers it to the right ventricle the left atrium receives blood from pulmonary veins and delivers it to …

dysbarism injuries any signs and symptoms caused by the difference between the surrounding atmospheric pressure and the total gas pressure in various tissues, fluids, and cavities of the body five ways the body can lose heat conduction – convection – …

assessment process scene size-up primary assessment history taking secondary assessment reassessment symptom a subjective condition that the patient feels and tells you about WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write …

Abdomen The body cavity that contains the major organs of digestion and excretion. It is located below the diaphragm and above the pelvis. abduction Motion of a limb away from the midline. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON …

aerobic metabolism metabolism that can proceed on in the presence of oxygen agonal gasps occasional gasping breaths that occur after the heart has stopped WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE …

abandonment Unilateral termination of care by the EMT without the patient’s consent and without making provisions for transferring care to another medical professional with the skills and training necessary to meet the needs of the patient. advance directive Written documentation …

David from Healtheappointments:

Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one? Check it out https://goo.gl/chNgQy