31-32

The red scare of 1919-1920 was provoked by
the public’s association of labor violence with its fear of a communist
revolution

Disillusioned by war and peace, Americans in the 1920s did all of the following
denounce “radical” foreign ideas, condemn “un-American” life-styles, shun diplomatic commitments to foreign countries, restrict immigration
except: enter a decade of economic difficulties.

Business people used the red scare to
break the backs of fledging unions.

The most tenacious pursuer of “radical” elements during the red scare was
Mitchell Palmer

The post-World War I Ku Klux Klan advocated all of the following
fundamentalist religion, opposition to birth control, repression of pacifists, anti-Catholicism
except:opposition to prohibition

The Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s was a reaction against
reaction against the forces of diversity and modernity that were transforming American culture.

Immigration restrictions of the 1920s were introduced as a result of
the nativist belief that northern Europeans were superior to southern and eastern Europeans.

“Cultural pluralists” like Horace Kallen and Randolph generally advocated that
immigrants should be able to retain their traditional cultures rather than blend into a single American “melting pot.”

The immigration quota system adopted in the 1920s discriminated directly against
Southern and Eastern Europeans

One of the primary obstacles to working class solidarity and organization in America was
ethnic diversity

Enforcement of the Volstead Act met the strongest resistance from
eastern city dwellers.

The religion of almost all Polish immigrants to America was
Roman Catholicism

Many Polish peasants learned about America from all of the following sources except
agents from U.S. railroads, letters from friends and relative, agents from steamship lines, Polish American business people
except: Catholic missionaries

Most Americans assumed that prohibition
would be permanent

The most spectacular example of lawlessness and gangsterism in the 1920s was
Chicago

John Dewey can rightly be called the “father of ____________________.”
progressive education

According to John Dewey, a teacher’s primary goal is to
educate a student for life

Of the following, the one least related to the other four is
Frederick W. Taylor

The trial of John Scopes in 1925 centered on the issue of
teaching evolution in public schools

After the Scopes “Monkey Trial,”
fundamentalist religion remained a vibrant force in American spiritual life.

All of the following helped to make the prosperity of the 1920s possible
rapid expansion of capital, increased productivity of workers, perfection of assembly-line production, advertising and credit buying.
except: government stimulation of the economy

The main problem faced by American manufacturers in the 1920s involved
developing expanded markets of people to buy their products

Bruce Barton, author of The Man Nobody Knows, expressed great admiration for Jesus Christ because Barton
believed that Christ was the best advertising man of all time.

The prosperity that developed in the 1920s
was accompanied by a cloud of consumer debt

Among the major figures promoted by mass media image makers and the new “sports industry” in the 1920s were
Babe Ruth and Jack Dempsey

Henry Ford’s contribution to the automobile industry was
relatively cheap automobiles

Frederick W. Taylor, a prominent inventor and engineer, was best known for his
promotion of industrial efficiency and scientific management

the following was among the industries that prospered mightily with widespread use of the automobile
rubber, highway construction, oil, glass
except: aluminum

The automobile revolution resulted in all of the following
the consolidation of schools, the spread of suburbs, a loss of population in less attractive states, altered youthful sexual behavior.
except: the increased dependence of women on men

Charles Lindbergh’s solo flight across the Atlantic made him an American hero especially because
his wholesome youthfulness contrasted with the cynicism and debunking of the jazz age

The first “talkie” motion picture was
The Jazz Singer

With the advent of radio and motion pictures,
much of the rich diversity of immigrant culture was lost.

Automobiles, radios, and motion pictures
contributed to the standardization of American life

The 1920 census revealed that for the first time most
americans lived in cities

Margaret Sanger was most noted for her advocacy of
birth control

Job opportunities for women in the 1920s
tended to cluster in a few low-paying field

To justify their new sexual frankness, many Americans pointed to
the theories of Sigmund Freud

Jazz music was developed by
American blacks

Marcus Garvey, founder of the United Negro Improvement Association, is known for all of the following except
promoting the resettlement of American blacks in Africa, cultivating feelings of self-confidence and self-reliance among blacks, being sent to prison after a conviction for fraud, promoting black-owned businesses.
except: establishing the idea of the talented tenth to lead African Americans.

Match each literary figure below with the correct work.
A. Ernest Hemingway
B. F. Scott Fitzgerald
C. Sinclair Lewis
D. William Faulkner

1. The Sun Also Rises
2. Main Street
3. The Sound and the Fury
4. The Great Gatsby

A:1, B:4, C:2, D:3

Buying stock “on margin” meant
purchasing it with a small down payment

Which of the following was not among prominent African American cultural figures of the 1920s?
Joseph “King” Oliver, “Jelly Roll” Morton, Langston Hughes, W.C. Handy.
except: Ralph Ellison.

As secretary of the treasury, Andrew Mellon placed the tax burden on the
middle-income groups

Warren G. Harding’s weaknesses as president included all of the following except a(n)
mediocre mind, inability to detect moral weaknesses in his associates, unwillingness to hurt people’s feelings by saying no, administrative weakness.

except: lack of political experience

Match each member of President Harding’s cabinet below with his major area of responsibility.
A. Charles Evans Hughes
B. Andrew Mellon
C. Herbert Hoover
D. Harry Daugherty
E. Albert Fall

1. taxes and tariffs
2. naval oil reserves
3. naval arms limitation
4. foreign trade and trade associations
5. justice and law enforcement

A:3, B:1, C:4, D:2, E:5

Which one of the following members of President Harding’s cabinet proved to be incompetent and corrupt?
Albert Fall

Republican economic policies under Warren G. Harding
hoped to encourage the government actively to assist business along the path to profits.

During the 1920s, the Supreme Court
often ruled against progressive legislation

_______________ was (were) adversely affected by the demobilization policies adopted by the federal government at the end of World War I.
organized labor

The Supreme Court cases of Muller and Adkins centered on
the question of whether women merited special legal and social treatment.

The nonbusiness group that realized the most significant, lasting gains from World War I was
veterans

One exception to President Warren G. Harding’s policy of isolationism involved in the Middle East, where the United States sought to
secure oil-drilling concessions for American companies

Warren G. Harding was willing to seize the initiative on the issue of international disarmament because
businesspeople were unwilling to help pay for a larger United States Navy.

The 1928 Kellogg-Briand Pact
outlawed war as a solution to international rivalry

In the 1920s the Fordney-McCumber Tariff __________ tariff rates and the Hawley-Smoot Tariff __________ tariff rates, so that by 1930 the tariff rates had been substantially __________ from the opening of the decade.
raised; raised; raised

Which of the following was not a consequence of the American policy of raising tariffs sky-high in the 1920s?

The Teapot Dome scandal involved the corrupt mishandling of
naval oil reserves

The major political scandal of Harding’s administration resulted in the conviction and imprisonment of his secretary of
the interior

During Coolidge’s presidency, government policy was set largely by the interests and values of
the business community

After the initial shock of the Harding scandals, many Americans reacted by
excusing some of the wrongdoers on the grounds that “they had gotten away with it

One of the major problems facing farmers in the 1920s was
was overproduction

In the mid-1920s President Coolidge twice refused to sign legislation proposing to
lower taxes

The intended beneficiaries of the McNary-Haugen Bill were __________; the intended beneficiaries of the Norris-LaGuardia Act were
farmers, labor unions

the following splits did affect the Democratic party in 1924
“wets’ vs. “drys”, urbanites vs. suburbanites, Fundamentalists vs. Modernists
except: northern liberals vs. southern conservatives

Senator Robert La Follette’s Progressive party advocated all of the following except
government ownership of railroads, relief for farmers, opposition to monopolies, increased power for the Supreme Court
except: opposition to antilabor injunctions

In 1924 the Democratic party convention failed by a single vote to adopt a resolution condemning
the Ku Klux Klan

The Progressive party did not do well in the 1924 election because
too many people shared in prosperity to care about reform.

In the early 1920s, one glaring exception to America’s general indifference to the outside world was its
the United States’ armed intervention in the Caribbean and Central America

America’s European allies argued that they should not have to repay loans that the United States made to them during World War I because
they had paid a much heavier price in lost lives, so the US
should write off the debt.

As a result of America’s insistence that its Allies’ war debts be repaid in full,
the French and British demanded enormous reparations payments from Germany.

America’s major foreign-policy problem in the 1920s was addressed by the Dawes Plan, which
address these problems
by providing a solution to the tangle of war-debt and war-reparations payments (Dawes a rich American
businessman and his friends would loan Germany 200 million dollars to pay war reparations to Great
Britain and France so they meaning GB and France could pay the US their war debts – smooth well sort of at least until the stock market crash).

The most colorful presidential candidate of the 1920s was
Alfred E. Smith

All of the following were political liabilities for Alfred E. Smith except his
Catholic religion, support for the repeal of prohibition, big-city background, radio speaking skill
except: failure to win the support of American labor

One of Herbert Hoover’s chief strengths as a presidential candidate was his
talent for administration.

When elected to the presidency in 1928, Herbert Hoover
combined small-town values with wide experience in modern corporate America.

The Federal Farm Board, created by the Agricultural Marketing Act, lent money to farmers primarily to help them to
organize producers’ cooperatives.

As a result of the Hawley-Smoot Tariff of 1930,
the worldwide depression deepened

In America, the Great Depression caused
decade long decline in birthrate, no money so not too quick to have more kids.

President Herbert Hoover believed that the Great Depression could be ended by doing all of the following
directly assisting businesses and banks, keeping faith in the efficiency of the industrial system, continuing to rely on the American tradition of rugged individualism, lending federal funds to feed farm livestock.
except: providing direct aid to the people.

President Hoover’s approach to the Great Depression was to
offer federal assistance to businesses and banks but not individuals

The “alphabetical agency” set up under Hoover’s administration to provide aid to business and local governments was the
Reconstruction Finance Corporation

The Reconstruction Finance Corporation was established to
make loans to businesses, banks, and state and local government

The Bonus Expeditionary Force marched on Washington, D.C., in 1932 to demand
immediate full payment of bonus payments promised to WWI veterans

President Hoover’s public image was severely damaged by his
handling of the dispersal of the Bonus Army

In response to the League of Nations’ investigation into Japan’s invasion and occupation of Manchuria,
Japan left the league

The 1932 Stimson doctrine
declared that the United States would not recognize any territorial
acquisition achieved by force of arms.

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