1920’s History Test

The trial and execution of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti
C) demonstrated how the Red Scare extended into the 1920s

What did Calvin Coolidge believe was the chief business of the American people?
D) Business

Railroads were to the late nineteenth century what _______ were to the 1920s.
A) cars

The backbone of economic growth during the 1920s was the increased consumption of _______.
C) automobiles

During the 1920s, American multinational corporations
C) extended their reach throughout the world

During the 1920s, consumer goods
D) were frequently purchased on credit

In the late 1920s, movies, radios, and phonograms
B) helped create and spread a new celebrity culture

During the 1920s,
A) an estimated 40 percent of the population remained in poverty

Agriculture in the 1920s
C) experienced declining incomes and increased bank foreclosures

In the 1920s, employers embraced the American Plan, which
D) advocated the “open shop”

The Equal Rights Amendment
A) proposed to eliminate all legal distinctions based on sex

For the feminist women in the 1920s, freedom meant
C) the rights to chose her lifestyle

The flapper
A) epitomized the change in standards of social conduct

During the 1920s,
C) government policies reflected the pro-business ethos of the decade

What did President Harding’s call for a return to normalcy mean?
C) a call for the regular order of things, without excessive reforms

Whose presidency was plagued with scandals?
D) Warren Harding

The Teapot Dome scandal involved
C) the secretary of the interior, who received money in exchange for leasing government oil reserves to private companies

The McNary-Haugen Bill
B) proposed the government purchase of farm products so as to raise prices

American foreign policy during the 1920s,
A) reflected the close working relationship between government and business

“Banned in Boston” referred to
A) a book ban in the city, including books by Earnest Hemmingway

In Schenck v. United States, the Supreme Court
B) argued that bans on dangerous speech were constitutional

Supreme Court justice Louis Brandeis
C) crafted an intellectual defense of civil liberties during the 1920s

The Scopes trial illustrated a divide between
A) modernism and fundamentalism

During the Scopes trial, Clarence Darrow, the defense lawyer, questioned whom as a supposedly expert witness about the Bible?
C) William Jennings Bryan

The Scopes trial of 1925
B) pitted creationist against evolutionists

The Ku Klux Klan
B) flourished in the early 1920s, especially in the North and West

Reguarding public education, in 1922, Oregon became the first state to
B) require all students to attend public school

The 1924 Immigration Act
B) set quotas that favored immigration from northern and western Europe

Besides work and school, what were the most active agents of Americanization during the 1920s?
A) churches, political parties, and fraternal organizations

Cultural pluralism
A) challenged the idea that southern and eastern Europeans were unfit to become citizens

Which city or are was considered the “capital” of black America?
C) Harlem

What did “slumming” mean?
C) whites going to Harlem’s dancehalls, jazz clubs, and speakeasies

The Harlem Renaissance
A) included writes and poets such as Langston Hughes and Claude McKay

Which issue became the focus of the 1928 presidential race?
B) the fact that Alfred Smith was Catholic

In 1928, Herbert Hoover
A) won the presidency, primarily because of this sterling reputation and the general apparent prosperity of the nation

What was the main cause of the Great Depression?
C) declining American purchasing power

President Hoover responded to the onset of the Depression by
C) reassuring Americans that “the tide had turned”

The Hawley-Smoot Tariff
A) raised taxes on imported goods

The Reconstruction Finance Corporation
B) made loans to failing businesses

What new trend does this photo depict?
D) modernism

Women like those in the image were likely to experience frustration over the limitations of:
D) a double standard for men’s and women’s social behavior

Which of the following authors wrote on themes that incorporate the new lifestyles of women like those in the photo?
B) F. Scott Fitzgerald

What newly granted right were women like the pair in this image likely to have taken advantage of?
B) suffrage rights

Liberalism during the New Deal came to be understood as
B) active government to uplift less fortunate members of society

The Great Depression and the economic crisis that ensued discredited supporters of
C) unregulated capitalism

In his 1932 campaign for presidency, FDR promised Americans a policy change called the
B) New Deal

During the 1932 election,
C) FDR called for a balanced government and critized Hoover for excessive government spending

The New Deal
A) included a reliance on economic planning

The first thing that Roosevelt attended to as president was the
C) banking crisis

The National Industrial Recovery Act
A) established codes that set standards for production, prices, and wages in several industries

The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
D) put young mean to work in national parks

Which New Deal program put the federal government for the first time in the business of selling electricity in competition with private companies?
A) the Tennessee Valley Authority

The Tennessee Valley Authority
C) combined economic regional planning with relief

The Agricultural Adjustment Act
A) raised farm prices by establishing quotas and paying farmers not to plant more

The First New Deal
A) was a series of experiments, some of which succeeded and some of which failed

By 1935, the New Deal
C) faced mounting pressures and criticism

What factor contributed to the growth of union membership in the 1930s?
A) workers’ militancy and the tactial skills of a new generation of leaders

The Congress of Industrial Organizations
C) created unions of industrial workers

Which statement best describes Huey Long, Upton Sinclair, and Dr. Francis Townsend?
A) they all challenged Roosevelt to move further to the left of center

The Share Our Wealth movement was
C) led by Louisiana senator Huey Long and gained a national following

The Second New Deal
A) focused on economic security

The Works Progress Administration
B) included projects in the arts

The Wagner Act
B) created the National Labor Relations Board

The Social Security Act of 1935
C) included old-age pensions, unemployment relief, and aid to families with dependent children

Which statement about the New Deal is true?
D) social security was a second new deal program

The New Deal concentrated power in the hands of
A) the executive branch

In fireside chats and public addresses, President Roosevelt equated freedom with
A) economic security

In the presidential election of 1936,
C) the so-called New Deal coalition reelected FDR in a landslide

Roosevelt’s “Court-packing” plan
D) was criticized by many

Why did FDR try to change the balance on the Supreme Court?
A) he feared the supreme court might inavalidate the wagner and social security acts

Most historians argue that a recession reoccurred in 1927 because Roosevelt
A) cut government spending

Under the New Deal, women
C) played a more visible role in national politics

Under New Deal reform, African Americans
D) were mostly excluded from social security benefits

The Indian New Deal
C) included the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934

Which group welcomed black members and advocated the passage of antilynching legislating and the return of voting rights to southern blacks?
B) the Congress of Industrial Organizations

What ended the Great Depression?
C) WWII spending

The New Deal failed to generate
C) an economic recovery

Social Security provides money to:
C) the elderly

As compared with earlier legislation of the New Deal, the program advertised in this poster:
D) tended to focus more on systemic reform than on immediate relief

In its approach to providing benefits, which federal program is most similar to the one advertised in the poster?
B) Medicare

Social security represents the general direction of the new deal in that it:
D) expanded the scope of the federal government

According to the passage, who should have a home worth $5,000 and $5,000 in wealth?
D) every American family

According to Long, what must be done in order to achieve his demands?
A) wealth must be redistributed

Critics of the New Deal who opposed Long’s view:
C) believed that the government was already doing too much in providing direct relief

Ultimately, Long’s views of redistribution
B) were never implemented nationally

Which tariff, passed in 1930, raised rates to an all-time high, further deepening the worldwide depression? Smoot-Hawley Which of the following organizations did President Hoover create in 1931 to stimulate the economy through federal loans to major businesses in 1931 …

What was the New Deal? FDR’s programs to end the depression What did FDR do during the First Hundred Days? March 9- June 16; The Hundred Days symbolized the beginning stages of the New Deal because the measures taken focused …

Who was sentenced to death in a controversial criminal trial? c. Nicola Sacco The trial and execution of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti: d. demonstrated how the Red Scare extended into the 1920s. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE …

In order to acquire the right for the United States to build a canal across Panama in 1903, President Theodore Roosevelt helped facilitate a Panamanian rebellion against Columbia and then negotiated a treaty to lease a strip of territory. What …

The Great Depression and the economic crisis that ensued discredited supporters of: a) Keynesian economics. b) liberalism. c) unregulated capitalism. d) fascism. e) communism. The New Deal failed to generate: a) Hope. b) Sustained prosperity. c) Jobs. d) Social security. …

how did FDRs background and artions help build confifence among the American people? he had high eductions, strong self-confidence, he thought the frederal government should help people. what action did Roosevelt take during his first hundred days in office? Push …

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